Day 27 Revolution Threatens 1789 Warm Up: Les Boreades- Tragedie en musique Homework: Read 217-221
Old Order- Estates General • 1st Clergy- Catholic Church • 2nd- Rich Nobility, and High Officials • 3rd – Burgouise, Urban Lower Class, Peasants
Economic Woes and Louis XVI • Heavy taxes, inflation (bread 2 x in 1789 alone) • Marie Antoinette “Let them eat cake” • Louis XVI doubled an already large debt to help US. Bankers refused to lend anymore • He avoided paying debt until faced bankruptcy. His proposal to tax the nobility led to a call of the meeting of the Estates General.
June 17,1789 National Assembly • Vote by head or by order? • King sides with 1st 2 estates “ What is the Third Estate? Everything. What has it been up to now…?Nothing. What does it demand? To become something herein.” – Abbé Sieyès • National Assembly is called for by 3rd Estate Delegates
Enlightenment Influence “The third estate is the people and the people is the foundation of the State; it is in fact the State itself; the other orders are merely political categories while by the immutable laws of nature the People is everything. Everything should be subordinated to it… It is in the People that all national power resides and for the People that all states exist.” - Comte D’Antraigues
Tennis Court Oath • 3rd Estate is locked out • Move meeting to a Tennis Court demanding that they stay until a new constitution be written
July 14, 1789 Bastille and Great Fear • Louis Gives in and tells other estates to join National Assembly • Sensing trouble he stationed mercenaries (Swiss) in Paris • Rumor that foreign troops were coming. Led to demand for gunpowder at Bastille. • Rumors Spread quickly and led to further rebellion
March on Versailles • National Assembly ends Feudalism and issues the Declaration of the Rights of Man • Riot over bread prices (mostly women) • Marched from Paris to Versailles building strength along the way • When they arrived at Versailles demanded king come to Paris with them.
Summary Questions • What was Frances social political system that lasted from the middle ages to the 1700’s? • Who angered the French people by her gambling losses and her spending? • What was called into session by Louis XVI after 175 years of its not occurring? • Who was represented by each of the 3 estates? • Where did the 3rd estate go when forced to find another meeting place? • When Louis XVI called for mercenary troops this caused the panic known as what?
Extra Credit Research: • You are a reporter in 1788 and you must interview one of the following people. Create and act out the interview. • Turgot • Archbishop of Paris • A peasant • Nobility • A Merchant