TYPE 2 DIABETES By: Kelsey Grundner, Natalie Zimmers, and Brandon Beary
Definition of Diabetes Identify/Define Topic • Definition- an insulin-Dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile-onset diabetes (self-caused and can be cured). Having this disease causes high levels in blood glucose which causes defects in insulin production. History/ Origin of Diabetes Type 2 • -well known for over two thousand years • - in1935, scientists discovered two different types of diabetes • - by the 1950's, a new medication was developed for diabetes (this was considered the beginning of the history of type two diabetes treatment)
Signs and Symptoms • -being very thirsty • -blurry vision • -irritability • -tingling or numbness in the hands or feet • -frequent skin, bladder or gum infections • -wounds that don’t heal • -extreme unexplained fatigue
Signs and Symptoms Genetic, hereditary or environmental factors: This disease is not hereditary, or caused by environmental factors. It is self-caused and can be cured with regular exercise and healthy eating.
Treatment/Managing the Problem Examples of Treatment: • with a program of diet, exercise, and medicine Types of medicine: • -any medications that affect your blood sugar level (for example: metformin, Onglyza, Tolinase, Glucotrol, Amaryl, etc Role of Diet: • can help regulate blood sugar control (blood glucose)
Treatment/Managing the Problem Roll of exercise: Information about exercise, alcohol intake, smoking, medications, laboratory results, and other variables was extracted from medical records. Patients with mean glycosylated hemoglobin (good diabetic control) were compared with those who had poor diabetic control. The effect of exercise in the management of type 2 diabetes was assessed. Roll of Medicine: • This supplement will: (1) explore the evolving understanding of the pathophysiology of T2DM and the role of the incretin system; (2) describe the why, when, and how of incretin use in the treatment of T2DM; and (3) provide information about the incretins, including how they compare with other antidiabetic agents and with each other.
Treatment/Managing the Problem Roll of Family Support given: If family members and friends have "got your back," it can give you the boost you need to exercise and eat right to keep diabetes under control. Impact on Family/ Individual: • takes months for a newly diagnosed patient to learn how to manage diabetes • -may be especially stressful for family members • -people related to the individual may be concerned that they will also develop the illness
Treatment/Managing the Problem Problem Short-Term: -make sure you always know your blood sugar level Problem Long-Term: -You can buy monitors to watch your blood sugar over a long period of time to make sure it is at a healthy level
3 WOW’s and Statistics • 25.8 million children and adults in the United States—8.3% of the population—havediabetes • 40% of people with diabetes in the United States did not have good blood sugar control on diabetes pills alone. • nearly one in three adults in the United States is at risk • Up to 20 to 25 percent who are newly diagnosed with diabetes already have complications • 26 million Americans have type 2 diabetes.
Resources • http://articles.ky3.com/2011-01-27/full-blown-diabetes_27053748 • http://www.livestrong.com/article/222477-effects-of-type-2-diabetes-on-a-family/ • http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0689/is_9_57/ai_n28570133/ • http://www.livestrong.com/article/73771-shortterm-effects-type-two-diabetes/ • http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/diabetes-statistics/?cr=diabetesstatisticsandinfo&gclid=CJKZ7uLb5aYCFYXu7Qod4nqM1A • http://www.ckc.gov/diabetes/pubs/general07.htm#what • http://www.articlesbase.com/health-articles/type-2-diabetes-history-origins-of-type-2-diabetes • www.joslin.org/common_questions about_type_2diabetes.html • Health Textbook