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Sri Lanka as a Knowledge Hub

Sri Lanka as a Knowledge Hub

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Sri Lanka as a Knowledge Hub

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  1. Sri Lanka as a Knowledge Hub By Dr. Sunil Jayantha Nawaratne Secretary, Ministry of Higher Education Sri Lanka sec@mohe.gov.lk; jaynawa@gmail.com Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  2. Sri Lanka as a Knowledge Hub Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  3. What Are Knowledge Hubs? • Knowledge Hubs are institutions or networks that enable countries to learn systematically by sharing and exchanging development experiences with domestic and international partners in order to accelerate development. • http://wbi.worldbank.org/sske/news/what-are-knowledge-hubs Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  4. Two types of Knowledge Hubs National Knowledge Hubs, which usually act as central coordination agencies •  They cover a certain range of, if not all, sectors and themes on which solutions can be exchanged and involve mostly governmental institutions of a country, such as line ministries, sector institutions or thematic centers of excellence. • These hubs stand for a broad effort to channel knowledge to and from partners abroad and among domestic players. As such, they are often coordinating with thematic knowledge hubs as implementing entities. Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  5. Two types of Knowledge Hubs • Thematic Knowledge Hubs, which focus on specific solutions in distinct sectors and areas, such as agriculture, climate change, public health or social protection. Institutional models are very diverse, depending on the specific national and sector context, and range from departments in line ministries, to cross-country Communities of Practice. Thematic knowledge hubs are usually practitioner-driven and tend to proactively involve broad groups of specialized actors, including central governments, local authorities, academia, the private sector, and civil society organizations. Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  6. Knowledge Clusters • Knowledge clusters are agglomerations (Jumbled Mass) of organizations that are production-oriented. • Their production is primarily directed to knowledge as output or input. Knowledge clusters have the organizational capability to drive innovations and create new industries. They are central places within an epistemic landscape, i.e. in a wider structure of knowledge production and dissemination. • Examples for organizations in knowledge clusters are universities and colleges, research institutions, think tanks, government research agencies and knowledge-intensive firms. Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  7. Knowledge Hubs • Knowledge hubs may exist in the same locations as knowledge clusters and may be nested within them. Knowledge hubs are local innovation systems that are nodes in networks of knowledge production and knowledge sharing. They are characterized by high connectedness and high internal and external networking and knowledge sharing capabilities. As meeting points of communities of knowledge and interest, knowledge hubs fulfill three major functions:(GTT) • 1) to generate knowledge, • 2) to transfer knowledge to sites of application; • 3) and to transmit knowledge to other people through education and training Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  8. Government vision (MahindaChinthana) “Develop a youth who can see the world over the horizon” “We have the opportunity to make this country a knowledge hub within the South Asian region. I will develop and implement an operational plan to make this country a local and international research and training centre for knowledge” MahindaChintana 2010 (President’s Mandate) HE Mahinda Rajapaksa Executive President Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  9. Government Vision – 9 Hubs Tourism Hub Health Hub Sri Lanka - Miracle of Asia IT – BPO Hub New Industries Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  10. Knowledge Hub Partners Enterprise Structure State sector Institutes • 5 Ministries • 15 National Universities • 2 Buddhist Universities • 17 HE Institutes • 12 Advance Technological Institutes • 10 Degree Granting Institutes • 52 Non State affiliated HEIs • 42 Professional Institutes • 15 Research Labs and Institutes • 2,000 PhD holders • R&D budget and investment • Government Corporations / Authorities • 200 +Listed companies • Non Listed companies • SMEs • Cluster Leaders: • Aviation, Naval, Energy, Commercial • Tourism, Health, IT/BPO, New Business Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  11. What Higher Education can do? • Human Capital Development – Q+Q • Research – Knowledge Creation, Gathering and Adoption (acceptance) & Adaption (alternation, change) • Innovation (novelty), Invention (discovery) and Product Creation & Commercialization • Competitive and Comparative Advantages • Marketing Knowhow + Networks and channels Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  12. Vision To make Sri Lanka as an international hub of excellence inhigher education by 2020

  13. Sri Lanka as… • Higher Education Hub • Globally Employable + Enterprising Graduates • World Class Universities ( HE as one of our major EXPORTS) • Local – 7 universities – University Townships with unique Universities • 10 World Class Universities – UCLAN – University of Central Lancashire + Raffles + Manipal University + SLT with an Ireland University + Many more • 50,000 foreign Students+ 500 foreign professors and Researchers • Most Cost effective and Quality Education and Research Centre • SevenKnowledge Cities – Gampaha + Kandy + Hambantota + Puttlam + Batticaloa + Kilinochi + Deniyaya Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  14. Major Initiatives MOHE / UGC / Universities Non-State Sector Three new Engineering faculties (SLIIT, SAITM, North show) One Medical Faculty New ICT, Management, Quantity Survey etc CIMA, CA, Law, CMA, New Tourism Degree Prog – SLIIT NSBM new full-fledged University • Three new Engineering faculties (SE/Jaffna/Japura) • Expanding OUSL Eng Faculty 3. New IT faculty – KU 4. New Post Graduate Program in Medicine ( PU) 5. New Aviation, Petroleum, Space Eng faculty – MU 6. Modern Medical Faculty – JU 7. New Tourism Degree Programs – SU, Rararata, Col U, 8. KDU – Medicine, Engineering 9. 25 University Colleges –MOYVT 10. Measure and Improve the Employability of Graduates Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  15. Major…… 21. IT and English for all 22. Internship Program for all 23. OBE and SCL 24. Indigenous Knowledge Development 25. ICT Based Management 26. SLQF – Qualification Framework & Quality Assurance 27. More Foreign Students 11. 10% of Capital Budget should go to R&D 12. University Township Program 13. 60 Hostel Project for all Universities 14. Rapid Infrastructure development 15. 1,000 PhD program – 400 done 16. SIIIP program 17. Leadership Development 18. Kavitha Talent Show 19. Tri-Lingual Program 20 Enterprising Graduates and Professional Graduates Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  16. Our Tag Lines • World Class Universities • Globally Employable + Enterprising Graduates • 100% Employable Graduates Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  17. OBE • Outcome-based education calls for a shift in that paradigm (model, pattern), from contenttoprocess in which a child is called upon to demonstrate what (s)heknows and can doagainst standards established at the state and national [3] level.   • Instead of core knowledge being the focal point of education, problems, issues, and challenges based as on future trends presented in the context ofunit themes (also known as thematic units) becomes the focal point. Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  18. Exit Outcomes • Exit outcomes, stated in various ways, are pivotal to the entire restructuring process, are based onfuture trends, are complex demonstrations of personal development, and are intended to produce children who… •      are self directed learners; •  are critical thinkers/problem solvers/decision makers; • are communicators and collaborators (team players); •  can express themselves creatively, proactively, and responsibly; • easily adapt to change; • exhibit self-esteem; and • demonstrate concern, tolerance and respect for others as citizens in a global society [5] Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  19. Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  20. K- SAM – Total Human Capital Development Model (Developed by Sunil Nawaratne) Mindset Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  21. K- SAMMarket is asking for K- SAM graduates & employees Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  22. Teaching to Learning • Pedagogy • From lecture hall to environment for interactive, collaborative learning • From teacher to designer and coach • Classroom • From handicraft to commodity • From solitary students to learning communities • From campuses to virtual, distributed environments • Open learning • From teacher-centered to learner-centered • Passive Student to Active Learner to Demanding Consumer • Unleashing the power of the marketplace Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  23. Skill Development Technical Competence There is a gap in Skills that needs to be bridged in the future graduate Solution Synthesis Ability Lifelong Learning Critical Thinking Practical aptitude Behavioral Skills Entrepreneurship - - - - - -Current Graduates Future Graduates Communication Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  24. The Changing World SKILLS & ATTITUDES • Special skills • Planning & implementation • Navigating the bureaucracy • Following the heritage FUTURE NOW • Communications • Team-working • Human relations • Problem-solving • Design & innovations • Personal responsibility • Self-management • Ethics, values, principles Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  25. Paradigm Shift • Old – Instruction Paradigm • An educational institution exists to provide instruction. • New – Learning Paradigm • An educational institution exists to produce learning. Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  26. Project Based Learning Research Based Learning Place Based Learning Problem Based Learning Game Based Learning Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  27. Inquiry Based Learning Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  28. E-Learning? The idea is that learning is not based on objects and contentsthat are stored, as though in a library http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/ple/resources/edf.ppt Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  29. Rather, the idea is that learning is like a utility - like water or electricity - that flows in a network or a grip, that we tap into when we want http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/ple/resources/edf.ppt Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  30. The successful teacher is the teacher who becomes progressively redundant. Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  31. Immersive learning = Learning by doing http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/ple/resources/edf.ppt Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  32. The computer connects the student to the rest of the world Learning occurs through connections with other learners Learning is based on conversation and interaction • Connected Learning http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/ple/resources/edf.ppt Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  33. Ministry of Education • 1,000 School Program with ICT Lab, Language Lab and Science Lab • Technological Stream and Degree program • New Teachers for Science, ICT, English, Tamil and Singhalese • Teaching as a new profession Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  34. Other Ministries • Young Inventors Program • SLINTEC – Nano – Technology Institute • More funding for Research & Development • Vidatha Program Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  35. Key Achievements under e Sri Lanka Development Initiative towards ICT Sector • E-Sri Lanka Development initiative • Key Achievements • ICT Development Ranking – 2005 – 72, 2013 – 48. • ICT Literacy – 2005 – 8%, 2012 – 35% • 750 – Nenasala – 62.5% are financially viable Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  36. IT-BPO Sector • As of 2013, export revenues from IT-BPO services are estimated at over US$ 500 m, growing at approximately 22% per annum. When combined with the domestic market, total revenues are close to US$ One Billion. Direct employment exceeded 75,000 high-paying (Gold Collar) jobs in the IT/BPO sector, with indirect employment at 180,000. Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  37. Sri Lanka among top - 10 • Sri Lanka was awarded the prestigious “outsourcing destination of the Year” award by the National Outsourcing Association (NOA), UK in 2013. Sri Lanka was ranked in the top 10 most improved countries for doing business in 2013.Sri Lanka was also ranked among the top 25 global outsourcing destinations by AT Kearneyand among the top 30 outsourcing destinations by Gartner. Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  38. Finally • Many prospect to become Knowledge Hub in the region • Each sector is trying their best to deliver their outcomes • But missing point is: • There is no integrated approach with PPP • Let’s work together to make our mother land – the miracle of Asia – • By achieving 9 Hubs in action • Specially with reference to KNOWLEDGE Hub • Generate – Transfer – Transmit the Knowledge – leading to Inventions, Innovations and commercialization. Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  39. Vision - 1 To make Sri Lanka as an international hub of excellence for higher education by 2020

  40. Strategic GOALS • Increased opportunities and access to HE • Converted & new world class universities • Improved employability and quality of graduates • Improved stakeholder satisfaction • Improved global compatibility, global links and exchanges • Enhanced research, innovation and commercialization • Empowered universities & institutes with freedom to be competitive & unique • Improved effectiveness and efficiency of the HEIs • Converted higher education for attracting investments & foreign exchange • Enhanced entrepreneurship among graduates & diploma-holders • Contributing to the national development, reconciliation and peace • Improved infrastructure facilities of national higher education system

  41. 2012 All Universities

  42. 2012 All Faculties

  43. SEUSL2012 & 2013

  44. Employment by Faculty Percent employed increased with the time for all faculties except Arts_ext Largest gap Applied Science(26%) Smallest gap  Arts (1%)

  45. RUSL2012 & 2013

  46. Employment by Faculty Percent employed increased with the time for all faculties except Agriculture Largest increaseArts (21%) Over all increase 11% Medicine  2013 : 98% Employed, 2% underemployed 2012: data not available

  47. WUSL2012 & 2013

  48. Employment by Faculty Percent employed increased with the time for faculties Agriculture (int) and Business Studies Largest increaseBusiness (12%) Over all increase 6%

  49. Marketing Sri Lanka as a centre of excellence • Agriculture • Creative industries (fashion, design) • Hospitality, Tourism, Travel and Leisure • Health and Life Sciences (traditional medicine – Ayurvedha) • Architecture • SAARC – Centre • Bio-Diversity, History, Irrigation • Philosophy (Buddhism etc.) • Conflict and peace studies • Security and defense studies • Business, Finance, and IT • Growing outsourcing industry (BPO & KPO) Uva Wellassa University Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

  50. Questions and learning from others • What is our niche? (subject areas, UG or PG?) • Regional accessibility? • Student experience/support systems? • Brain gain? • Access, equity, quality – avoiding state/private divide? • How to balance international academic standards with national needs and local identity and culture? • Funding models? Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25