Promoting climate resilience in agricultureThe case of Morocco Presented by M. Rachid FIRADI Director of the International Cooperation Division On behalf of the GEF Focal point, Morocco 1
1,5 M farms • 8,7 M ha • Rainfed : 7,1 M ha • Irrigated: 1,6 M ha • 4,1 M jobs • Agriculture: 4 M • Agro-industry: 0,1M • 19% of GDP • Agriculture: 15% • Agro-industry: 4% • 1,45 billions € exports • Food security for 32 M people Agriculture in Morocco
Agriculture will be a main driver of growth for the next 10-15 years The Plan MarocVert The Plan MarocVertis an ambitious strategy that aims to: Strengthen the share of agriculture in GDP from 6,35 to 9 billion € Increase exports from 0,72 to 4 M € for the competitive crops Create 1,5 M additional jobs Improve agricultural income 2 to 3 times for 4 M small farmers
Different approach with different actors The Plan MarocVert Pilar I Pilar II Solidarity-based Agriculture located in mountain areas, oases and rainfed area below 400mm/an • 545 projectsPilar II • 1,8bilion€ over 10 years • Targetednumber of farmers : 840 000 • Financial arrangement : • 70 to 80% charged to the state; • 20 to 30% stated to beneficiaries Modern agriculture with high added value. It concerns the irrigated areas and rainfed areas above 400mm/an • 961 projectsPilar I • 6,8 billions € over 10 years • Targetednumber of farmers : 560 000 • Financial arrangement: • 70 to 80% payable by investors; • 20 to 30% as state subsidies Privatesector is the main leader of development The Government isthe main leader of development
Climate change in Morocco Climate change risks jeopardizing the gains of the Plan MarocVertby increasing the probability of low harvests or crop failure Temperature Plus 0.16°C per decade since the 1960s Precipitation Minus 30% since 1970
Impacts of Climate change Droughts are costly: the 1994/95 drought caused agricultural GDP to fall by 45% and GDP to fall by 8% The WDR 2010 classes Morocco among the countries that will suffer the most due to the negative impacts of climate change on yields
Smallholders are particularly vulnerable to climate change Challenges for small farmers Solutions are available, but slow transfer of knowledge, low education, and limited financial resources of smallholders hold back the adoption of climate change adaptation measures.
Integrating Climate change adaptation in the Plan MarocVert (PICCPMV) • Collaboration Ministry of Agriculture, World Bank, GEF, SCCF • Duration 4 years (2011- 2015) • Amount 4.3 million USD • Activities Pilot the integration of climate change adaptation measures in ten projects of the Plan MarocVert directed to small farmers • High-level obj Upscale the adoption of climate change adaptation measures in the whole Plan MarocVert, thus improving food security and promoting sustainable agricultural development in Morocco.
Flexibility Low technology level Low cost Innovation Climate change adaptation measures Good agronomic practices Change in seeding dates and ; or seedingdensity Direct seeding Rain water harvesting Improvedvarieties and certifiedseeds Supplemental irrigation
small farmers implemented climate change adaptation measures on their land small farmers benefitted from training on climate change adaptation measures of the Plan MarocVert investment projects directed to small farmers in the marginal areas of Morocco more subject to the negative impacts of climate change include at least one climate change adaptation measures Results 900 500 50%