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Sugar

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Sugar

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  1. Sugar

  2. Sugars in food: AKA • Sucrose/sucralose • Table sugar, raw sugar, turbinado sugar • Granulated cane sugar • Confectioner’s or powdered sugar • Brown sugar • Invert sugar • Maple syrup • Polydextrose • Maltose • Maltodextrin • Molasses • Honey • Date sugar • Corn sweeteners • Corn syrup/HFCS • Fruit sugar (fructose) • Levulose • Fruit juice concentrate • Concentrated fruit juice sweetener • Glucose • dextrose

  3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KVsgXPt564Q&feature=related • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EEbRxTOyGf0 • http://abcnews.go.com/GMA/OnCall/story?id=4439943&page=1

  4. High Fructose Corn Syrup • What is it? • Sweetener made from corn • Metabolized in body similar to sugar • FDA: “Generally recognized as safe.” • Still controversial • Does it promote obesity? • Enhances flavor, softens texture & protects freshness

  5. Artificial Sweeteners • The good & the bad. • Not metabolized the same way as sugar • Saves calories • But… • People may end up consuming more • Real sugar packet = 1 teaspoon = 16 calories

  6. Artificial Sweeteners • Saccharin: • AKA: Sweet & Low • One of the first substitutes approved by FDA • Aspartame: • AKA: Nutrasweet or Equal • Approved by FDA in 1981 • Stevia: • South American shrub • Not approved by FDA

  7. Artificial Sweeteners continued • Sucralose: • AKA: Splenda • 600 times sweeter than sugar • Approved by FDA in 1998 • Neotame: • 7,000 times sweeter than sugar • FDA preliminary reports “safe”

  8. Activity • So.. How much sugar is actually in some common products? • Conversion factor: 4 grams = 1 teaspoon

  9. Sodas

  10. “Mountain Dew Mouth” • http://video.google.com/videosearch?hl=en&q=Mountain%20Dew%20Mouth&rlz=1W1HPIA_en&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wv#

  11. Soda & Calories • In General: • 12 oz Pepsi – 150 calories • 32 oz Pepsi – 400 calories • 64 oz Pepsi – 800 calories

  12. Soda & Obesity – connection? • Harvard Study: • Obesity increases significantly with each daily serving of sugar-sweetened soft drink. • Soft drinks currently are the leading source of added sugar in the daily diet. • “It is not uncommon for teenagers to receive 500 to 1000 calories per day from sugar-sweetened drinks.” (David Ludwig, coauthor) • (Gortmaker, S., & Ludwig, D., (2001) Harvard School of Public Health)

  13. Soda & Obesity continued • Overall, it is easy to over-consume calories. • Are diet sodas healthier? • Soda & Heart Disease • Should they be regulated?

  14. Soda & Bones • Girls who are active: • 5x more likely to have bone fractures with soda consumption. • Theory of why: • Phosphoric acid may affect calcium metabolism and bone mass. • (Wyshak, G., (2000), Harvard School of Public Health)

  15. Beverages • Six levels • Water • Tea & Coffee • Low-Fat, Skim Milks & Soy beverages • Noncalorically sweetened beverages • Caloric beverages with some nutrients • Calorically sweetened beverages • (Source: Harvard School of Public Health)