Introduction to Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) Weapons Collection
Definition - DDR ‘A three-pronged programme of reducing or abolishing weapons of former government or opposition forces, shedding their excess personnel and integrating their former fighters back to normal civil life, after a period of (usually internal) conflict’.
Definition – SALW Control ‘Those activities, which, together, aim to reduce the social, economic and environmental impact of uncontrolled SALW proliferation and possession’.
DisarmamentDR v SALW Control DDRSALW Control Post Conflict. Any Time. All calibres. <100mm calibre. Part of ‘peace process’. In support of national strategy. Specific mandate. In support of SSR. Target is normally FWF. Targets are individuals, government, criminals and warring factions / terrorists.
‘Incentive Options’ • Search and Seize • Amnesty • SALW Free Zones • ‘Buy Back’ • ‘Weapons in Exchange for Development’ (WED) • ‘Weapons in Competition for Development’ (WCD) • ‘Weapons in Exchange for Incentives’ (WEI) • ‘Weapons Linked to Development’ (WLD)
Why SALW Survey ? • SALW Survey takes account of ALL stakeholders views. • To obtain and share knowledge. • To maintainpermanentrecords. • Necessaryforprojectplanningandefficientoperationalmanagement. • Necessarytosupportany SALW Awarenesscampaign.
Why SALW Survey ? • Requiredforthe development of Performance Indicators (PI) for projectoroperationalevaluation. • SALW Survey is a distinct operational task.
The Aim of SALW Survey To determine the nature and extent of SALW proliferation and impact within a region, nation or community in order to provide accurate data and information for a safe, effective and efficient intervention by an appropriate organisation.
Components of SALW Survey • SALW Distribution Assessment (SADA) • SALW Impact Survey (SAIS) • SALW Perception Survey (SAPS) • SALW Capacity Survey (SACS)
Risk assessment • To ensure the safest possible working environment. • To identify ‘tolerable risk’. • To identify ‘protective measures’. • To identify ‘residual risk’.
There is no absolute safety! Safety is achieved by reducing risk to tolerable levels. Tolerable risk is determined by the search for an optimal balance between the ideal of absolute safety and the demands to be met by the process, and factors such as benefit to the user, suitability for purpose, cost effectiveness, and conventions of the society concerned. It follows that there is a need to review continually the tolerable level, in particular when developments, both in technology and in knowledge, can lead to economically feasible improvements to attain the minimum risk compatible with the use of the process. (ISO)
Achieving tolerable risk • The selection of equipment with inherently safe design; • The development of work practices that contribute to risk reduction; • Risk education as part of a SALW awareness campaign; • Sound and effective training; • Sound management and supervision; and • Appropriate personal protective equipment.
Explosive risk • Evaluate risk from returned ammunition, explosives and UXO. • Ensure adequate explosion danger areas. • Take appropriate technical advice. (Experts!)
Collection phases • Pre-operational activities • SALW survey • Capacity assessment • Training • Logistic planning • Weapons Registration / SALW Accounting
Collection phases • Pre-operational activities • SALW survey • Capacity assessment • Training • Logistic planning • Weapons Registration / SALW Accounting • Recce Weapons Collection Points (WCP)
Collection phases • Pre-operational activities • SALW survey • Capacity assessment • Training • Logistic planning • Weapons Registration / SALW Accounting • Recce Weapons Collection Points (WCP) • Integrate with SALW Awareness • Explosive Safety activities
Comment • Security presence at WCP must be in-obtrusive; maintain a balance. • Don’t assume that police and army are safe when handling weapons. • Transparency and safety are the keys to technical success; although cannot guarantee voluntary surrender. • Monitoring is an essential component for maintaining standards and improving public confidence.