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國際海事組織標準海事通訊語彙( IMO STANDARD MARINR COMMUNICATION PHRASES). 張石煜 編製. 聖經箴言十 12. Hatred stirs up disension, but love covers over all wrongs. 恨 能挑起爭端 愛 能遮掩一切過錯. 內容( Contents). 通則( General) 特殊字彙( Glossary) 對外通訊用語( External Communication Phrases)

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  2. 聖經箴言十12 • Hatred stirs up disension, but love covers over all wrongs. • 恨 能挑起爭端 愛 能遮掩一切過錯

  3. 內容(Contents) • 通則(General) • 特殊字彙(Glossary) • 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases) • 船上通訊用語(On-board communication phrases) • 附錄(Appendix)

  4. Introduction • 國際海事組織標準海事通訊語彙(IMO STANDARD MARINR COMMUNICATION PHRASES;SMCP)已經編纂: • 協助船舶之航行安全及指揮管理(to assist in the greater safety of Navigation and of the conduct of ship) • (to standardize the language used in…)航海通訊用語之標準化

  5. 通則(General) • 程序(Procedure) • 拼字(Spelling) • 信文標題(Message Markers) • 回應(Responses) • 遇險、緊急及安全警告信號(Distress, urgency and safety signals) • 標準制式用語(Standard organizational phrases)

  6. 程序(Procedure) 程序 「請使用標準海事通訊語彙」 「我將使用標準海事通訊語彙」 • Procedure • “please use Standard Marine Communication Phrases” • “I will use Standard Maritime Communication Phrases”

  7. 拼字(Spelling)

  8. 信文標題(Message Markers) 1 Instruction 指示 2. Advise 建議 3.Warning 警告 4.Information 資訊 5. Question 詢問 6. Answer 回答 7. Request 要求 8. Intention 意圖 • Shore-to-ship Ship-to-shore communication 8 Message Makers may be used:

  9. 回應(Responses) “I will/can obey your instruction ” “I will/can not overtaken vessel ahead of me ” The responses to orders of special importance, however, are given in wording in the phrase concerned.( in Part III) • Say:“yes” in the affirmative • Say:“No” in the negative • Say:“No information” in answer connot be obtained

  10. 遇險、緊急及安全警告信號(Distress, urgency and safety signals) • MAYDAY遇險信文IS TO BE USED TO ANNOUNCE A DISTRESS MESSAGE • PAN-PAN緊急信文IS TO BE USED TO ANNOUNCE A URGENCY MESSAGE • SECURITE安全信文IS TO BE USED TO ANNOUNCE A SAFETY MESSAGE • In a distress, safety or urgency situation the position is always to be transmitted in the form in which it was observed!

  11. e.g. A URGENCY MESSAGE • Pan-Pan Pan-Pan. • This is • Taipei Radio. Taipei Radio. Taipei radio. • Following message received from DIANA 5 call sign PDQE. • Message reads: Engine trouble in position 3 miles north of Northhinder lighthouse…. Need immediate tug assistance. • Date and time: 010138 UTC Taipei Radio.

  12. 標準制式用語(Standard organizational phrases) • 1. Read “How do you read?” “I read you bad/1 (barely perceptible) poor/2 (weak) fair/3 (fairly good) good/4 (good) excellent/5 (very good)” • 2. Standing by on VHF channel 16/ frequency1234 • 3. Advance change to VHF channel 16/ frequency 1234

  13. 標準制式用語(Standard organizational phrases) • MISTAKE/CORRECTIONS修正 • “My present speed 14 Knots –mistake. Correction, my present speed 12, one-two, knots,”

  14. 標準制式用語(Standard organizational phrases) • READINESS準備 • “I am not ready to receive your message”“Stand-by please”

  15. 標準制式用語(Standard organizational phrases) • REPETITION覆誦 • “My draft 12.6 REPEAT one-two DECIMAL 6 meters” • “Do not overtale –Repeat do not overtake” • “Say again please”

  16. 標準制式用語(Standard organizational phrases) • Numbers數目 • “150” [one-five-zero] • “2.5” [two decimal five] • Rudder angles in steering orders are given as follows. • “Starboard 15” [Starboard fifteen] • “Port 20” [Port twenty]

  17. 標準制式用語(Standard organizational phrases) POSITION船位 • 1.Latitude and Longitude: “WARNING. Dangerous wreck in position 15° 34’ N 61° 29’ W” • 2. Bearing and Distance: “Your position bearing 137°(T) from Cape O-Ran-Bi distance 2.4 nautical miles” or “Cape O-Ran-Bi bearing 317° Distance 2.4 miles off from ship” • 3. Reference to Navigation Mark –when approaching ports or harbors Oil clearance operations east of fairway at Helsinki Lighthouse. • 4. By Reporting Point I am approaching reporting point number 2.

  18. 標準制式用語(Standard organizational phrases) • BEARING • “Your position bearing 137° from Barr Head lighthouse distance 2.4 nautical miles” or • “Barr Head lighthouse bearing 317° 2.4 miles off from ship” • RELATIVE BEARINGS少用 Pilot boat 020° on your port bow.

  19. 標準制式用語(Standard organizational phrases) • COURSE • “Course 145°” • Bearings and courses are always given in three figures: • Pilot boat is bearing 215°(T) from you. [Pilot boat is bearing two-one-five degrees true from you.] • Buoy 030° on your port bow. [Buoy zero-three-zero degrees on your port bow.]

  20. 標準制式用語(Standard organizational phrases) • DISTANCE • “Distance 2.5 miles” • “Distance 2.5 cables”

  21. 標準制式用語(Standard organizational phrases) • SPEED • 15 Knots : speed through the water • Ground speed 8 Knots : speed over ground

  22. 標準制式用語(Standard organizational phrases) • TIME is given in UTC at sea. • Local Time • Zone Time • UTC : universal time coordinated Time: 1500 [one-five-zero-zero] UTC

  23. 標準制式用語(Standard organizational phrases) • GEOGRAPHICAL • Name from Sailing Direction, chart • ?Eagle Point?

  24. 標準制式用語(Standard organizational phrases) • AMBIGUOUS WORDS: May.Might, • X May I enter fairway? • V Question, is it permitted to enter fairway? • X You may enter fairway • V Answer, it is permitted to enter fairway

  25. 特殊字彙(Glossary) • Abandon • Backing (of wind) • Capsizing • Damage control team • Embark • Fairway • General emergency alarm

  26. H Z 特殊字彙(Glossary)

  27. Fire, explosion Flooding Collision Grounding List,danger of capsizing Sinking Disabled and adrift Armed attack/ piracy Undesignated distress Abandoning vessel 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases)

  28. Distress/urgency message Acknowledgement and/ or relay of SAR –messages Performing/ coordinating SAR- operation Finishing with SAR-operations Person overboard Requesting medical assistance 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases) :SAR

  29. 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases)/2 • Urgency communications • Safety of a vessel, aircraft or other vehicle

  30. 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases)/3

  31. 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases)/4

  32. 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases)/5

  33. 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases)/6

  34. 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases)/7

  35. 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases)/8

  36. 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases)/9

  37. 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases)/10

  38. 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases)/11

  39. 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases)/12

  40. 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases)/13

  41. 對外通訊用語(External Communication Phrases)/14

  42. 希臘字母及其發音 • 字母之名稱 • Α α Alpha Β β Beta Γ γ Gamma • Δ δ Delta Ε ε Epsilon Ζ ζ Zeta • Η η Eta Θ θ Theta Ι ι Iota • Κ κ Kappa Λ λ Lambda Μ μ Mu • Ν ν Nu Ξ ξ Xi Ο ο Omicron • Π π Pi Ρ ρ Rho Σ σ Sigma • Τ τ Tau Υ υ Upsilon Φ φ Phi • Χ χ Chi Ψ ψ Psi Ψ ψ Psi • 1.Alpha或Alfa(大寫Α,小寫α),是第1個希臘字母。 • 西里爾字母的 А和拉丁字母的 A都是從 Alpha 變來。 • 2.Beta(大寫Β,小寫β),是第二個希臘字母。在古希臘語,beta讀作[b],但現代希臘語讀作[v]。現代希臘語以"μπ"代表[b]音。西里爾字母的Б、В和拉丁字母的B都是從Beta變來。 • 3.Gamma(大寫Γ,小寫γ),是第三個希臘字母。西里爾字母的 Г和拉丁字母的 C、G都是從 Gamma 變來。 • 4.Delta(大寫Δ,小寫δ),是第四個希臘字母。Delta 是三角洲的英文,源自三角洲的形狀像三角形,如同大寫的delta。 • 西里爾字母的 Д和拉丁字母的 D都是從 Delta 變來。

  43. 5.Epsilon(大寫Ε,小寫ε),是第五個希臘字母。拉丁字母的 E是從 Epsilon 變來。 • 6.Zeta(大寫Ζ,小寫ζ),是第六個希臘字母。拉丁字母的 Z是從 Zeta 變來。 • 7.Eta(大寫Η,小寫η),是第七個希臘字母。 • 8.Theta(大寫Θ,小寫θ),是第八個希臘字母。 西里爾字母的 Ѳ是從 Theta 變來。

  44. 9.Iota(大寫Ι,小寫ι),是第九個希臘字母。9.Iota(大寫Ι,小寫ι),是第九個希臘字母。 • 在英語,ι有時用來表示微細的差別。 • 拉丁字母的 I是從 Iota 變來。 • 10.Kappa(大寫Κ,小寫κ),是第十個希臘字母。 • 11.Lambda(大寫Λ,小寫λ),是第十一個希臘字母。 • 西里爾字母的 Л是由 Lambda 演變而成。 • 12.Mu(大寫Μ,小寫μ),是第十二個希臘字母。 西里爾字母的 М及拉丁字母的 M都是由 Mu 演變而成。

  45. 13.Nu(大寫Ν,小寫ν),是第十三個希臘字母。13.Nu(大寫Ν,小寫ν),是第十三個希臘字母。 西里爾字母的 Н及拉丁字母的 N都是由 Nu 演變而成。 • 14.Xi(大寫Ξ,小寫ξ),是第十四個希臘字母。西里爾字母的 Ѯ (Ksi)是由 Xi 演變而成。 • 15.Omicron(大寫Ο,小寫ο),是第十五個希臘字母。Omicron 字面上的意思是「小的O」(o mikron)。它在希臘數字中代表70。這個字母由於與拉丁字母O 和數字 0 相似,人們大多不會使用這個字母作符號用途。 • 參考資料 12國語言天才

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