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Chapter 3 Section 3. Middle Colonies. Change is Coming. 1649, Charles I is beheaded. 1660, Charles II, son of Charles I, becomes king. England and the Colonies. Between the colony of Virginia and the New England colonies were lands the Dutch controlled. New Netherland. New Amsterdam.
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Chapter 3 Section 3 Middle Colonies
Change is Coming • 1649, Charles I is beheaded • 1660, Charles II, son of Charles I, becomes king
England and the Colonies • Between the colony of Virginia and the New England colonies were lands the Dutch controlled.
New Amsterdam That’s a bargain! • Located on Manhattan Island (present day New York City) • Along the Hudson River • Purchased from the Manhates people for beads and other goods. • Excellent sea port • Soon became the center of shipping to and from America
Peter Stuyvesant • Governor of the colony • Mean • People didn’t like him • When the English came to fight and take over the colony no one helped him
I Surrender! • No contest • King Charles II gives the colony to his brother, the Duke of York • The colony is renamed New York • The owner of the colony, the proprietor, makes all the decisions, owns all the lands, and controlled the government
PROMISES, PROMISES! • Duke of York promised the Dutch colonists freedom of religion and allowed them to keep their property • As a result, most Dutch colonists decided to remain in New York • Germans, Swedes, Native Americans, and Puritans all lived in New York • Included about 300 enslaved Africans • New Amsterdam (New York) became one of the fastest growing locations in the colony.
Government of New York • 1683 • Colonists demanded a representative government like that of other colonies. • Duke of York resisted the idea, but people of New York would not give up. • 1691 • English government allowed New York to elect a legislature.
New Jersey • Southern part of New York • Given to Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret • Named after the island of Jersey, in England, where Carteret was born
New Jersey Sir George Carteret • To attract settlers the men promised: • large tracts of land • Freedom of religion • Trial by jury • Representative assembly • Assembly would make local laws and set taxes Lord John Berkeley
Pennsylvania • Penn’s father had once given the king a lot of money • Penn asked for land in America to pay the debt • Was to be almost as big as England
Quakers • Dissenters • Pacifists • Each person could experience religious truth directly • Meant that church services and officials were not necessary • No one was better than anyone else
Philly • Philadelphia • City of Brotherly Love • Penn designed the city himself, making him the first town planner in America
Native American Policies • Penn believed the land belonged to the Native Americans • He believed they should be paid for their land
Government in Pennsylvania • Penn advertised the land throughout Europe • 1683, more than 3,000 English, Welsh, Irish, Dutch, and German settlers were living in Pennsylvania • 1701 Charter of Liberties • Penn granted colonists the right to elect representatives to the legislative assembly
Delaware • Southernmost part of Pennsylvania were called the Three Lower Counties • 1703 Charter of Privileges • Allowed them to form their own legislature • Then, they became their own colony - Delaware
Bread Basket These colonies are often called the “Bread Basket” This is because their main crops are grains which are used to make bread.