html5-img
1 / 11

Chapter 3 Section 3

Chapter 3 Section 3. Religious and Political Changes in Europe. Religious and Political Changes in Europe. The Protest ant Reformation Started by Martin Luther (Germany 1517) Goal was to reform the Catholic Church Too much power to Pope Catholics not following teachings of the church

lahela
Télécharger la présentation

Chapter 3 Section 3

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.

E N D

Presentation Transcript


  1. Chapter 3 Section 3 • Religious and Political Changes in Europe

  2. Religious and Political Changes in Europe • The Protestant Reformation • Started by Martin Luther (Germany 1517) • Goal was to reform the Catholic Church • Too much power to Pope • Catholics not following teachings of the church • Spread to other areas of Europe • Printing Press (very important) • Allowed people to read scripture/interpret themselves • (Protestant- the ones that reformed)

  3. Martin Luther Printing Press

  4. Many Struggles • Two points of view • Catholics thought: defying the authority of the Pope • Protestant thought: reforming the church • 1500’s were a time of constant warfare between Catholics and Protestants • French Protestants known as Huguenots • English Protestants were members of the Anglican church (headed by the King of England Henry VIII), a blend of Protestant and Catholic religions

  5. Conflict between Spain and England • Spain was the biggest defender of Catholicism • King Phillip II fought against the Protestant Reformation (headed the Catholic (or Counter Reformation) • England headed by Elizabeth I (daughter of Henry VIII) • First women ruler of England • Promoted peace between the Protestants and Catholics • Sea Dogs • Queen Elizabeth promoted the raiding of Spanish ships carrying gold and wealth (to hurt Spain's economy) • Sir Francis Drake most famous (first Englishman to circumnavigate the world and penetrating the Strait of Magellan)

  6. Henry VIII Elizabeth I

  7. Sir Francis Drake

  8. Spanish Armada • Invasion fleet to counter the Sea Dogs • 130 ships/30,000 sailors and soldiers • Goal: to invade England, overthrow the Queen Elizabeth and the Anglican Church • Problems with the Armada • Commander (a cousin of Philip II) not qualified • Spanish port of Cadiz raided by Sir Francis Drake, this delayed the Armada • English ships were smaller and faster, more maneuverable

  9. Spanish Armada cont. • Battle on the Sea • July 1588, Spanish and English fleets meet near England’s coast • English had a surprise…loaded ships with explosives, sailed into center of Armada at night, exploded them causing the Spanish ships to scatter. • Spanish ships defeated the next day. Of those that remained, many were destroyed by a storm before they could return to Spain (Divine Wind)

  10. Spanish Armada

  11. Decline of the Spanish Empire • Defeat of the Armada was a shock to the world as Spain was experiencing a “Golden Age” of wealth and growth • Controlled territory on Europe and the Americas • Army was one of the strongest in Europe • Leader of religious art in Europe (El Greco) • Miguel de Cervantes Don Quixote (famous author) • Golden Age ended because of • Inflation/buying of foreign goods • Defeat of the Armada allowed England, France and the Netherlands to become world powers/challengers

More Related