Bellringer • Move your desks into groups of four • Please take out your outline for the outline quiz! • If you finish the outline quiz early, work on the “Recognizing Effects” WS • Objective: SWBAT analyze the cause of the rise of the philosophies of Legalism and Confucianism as well as explain the similarities and differences between the two. • BJOTD: What do termites eat for breakfast?
Intro • Answer the following question at the bottom of your outline or on a separate piece of paper if necessary: “Which of the following approaches do you think would be the most effective in dealing with gang disrespect and violence in the United States? 1. Assign all gang members a big brother or sister to teach them about the importance of respect. 2. Allow gang members to do whatever they want, hoping they will learn from their own mistakes; or 3. Give the police extra powers to arrest gang members for even the slightest crimes.”
Legalism Activity • Step I: Seating arrangement • Remain in seats at tables • Step II: Standards for appropriate behavior • Speak only when given permission by the teacher. • Sit with your back straight—no slouching. • Keep your hands folded and on top of your desk. • Step III: Learn about Legalism • Study handout on Legalism • Make sure you can answer the “Stop and Discuss” questions • Step IV: Demonstrate understanding of Legalism. • Respond to questions from your teacher by standing and by speaking in a clear voice—never look the teacher in the eyes. • Gracefully accept awards from the teacher, and do not dispute any punishment you are given.
Confucianism Activity • Step I: Move into the new seating arrangement. • Students arrange desks around elders, Elders sit on top of desks as “models of virtue” • Step II: Review standards for appropriate behavior. • Elders, remind members of group they must be attentive and respectful throughout the lesson • Step III: Learn about Confucianism • Elders, make sure everyone can answer from memory the “Stop and Discuss” Questions • Step IV: Demonstrate Understanding • All students must respond to questions by standing and speaking in a clear voice • When accepting rewards for correct answers, be sure to thank your elder for skillfully teaching the group
Bellringer • Move your desks into pairs! • Have out your homework (the chart with Legalism and Confucianism completed) • Take out page 30 in your notebook and have it ready to go! • BJOTD: What is brown and sticky?
Daoism Activity • Step I: Create a new seating arrangement • No formal seating arrangement • Step II: Standards for appropriate behavior • Speak softly, move quietly • Sit still, move and speak only when necessary • Avoid bringing attention to yourself • Step III: Learn about Daoism • Study handout • Try to answer any questions about the reading on Daoism on your own, without asking anyone for help • Step IV: Prepare to answer the questions on the handout
Questions • Who did I represent in this scenario? What was my role? • What was it like to learn in this way? Who had the responsibility for learning? • How would this philosophy provide a solution to the Warring States Period? • How was this philosophy different from the other two philosophies?
Complete the Chart • Working with your groupmates, complete the chart for Daoism, and then answer the following questions on a separate piece of paper: • Which of the philosophies required the most government interaction? The least? Defend your answer. • Which of the philosophies do you feel would have provided the best solution to the Warring States Period? Defend your answer. • Which of the philosophies do you feel our society is the most like today? Explain your answer.
Warring States Period ( 456 BCE- 221 BCE) • Role of Philosophies: solutions to the chaos and disorder of the Warring States Period
Qin Dynasty (221 BCE – 202 BCE) • Replaced the Zhou Dynasty • Founder: Shi Huangdi
Government Pg 1 • Type of Government: Monarchy
Government • Empire based on Legalism
Autocracy: all power is centralized in the hands of the government Power Power Government
Bellringer • Check out your current grade on the board!! • Use your chart on Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism to write a thesis statement on a scrap piece of paper for the following prompt: • Compare and contrast Confucianism and Daoism in the categories of: purpose/goal for Chinese society, view of humans, and the value of education. • BJOTD: How do we know that policemen are strong?
Announcements • Essay—how did it go? • End of the Quarter—what grades are left? • Notebook Check—What’s involved?
The Han Dynasty • After Shi Huangdi’s death, the empire fell into chaos and the dynastic cycle led to an overthrow of the Qin Dynasty
Shi Huangdi’s Mausoleum • Discovered in 1974 • Purpose: to help rule another empire in the beyond • 2000 soldiers, 100 chariots with 400 horses and 300 cavalry horses • Only a portion excavated today; tomb left untouched
Founder of the Han Dynasty • Liu Bang
Government Pg 1 • Type of Government: Monarchy
Government Pg 2 • Autocracy
Government Pg 3 • Emperor used a civil service to rule the government • Major Chinese achievement: bureaucracy
Government Pg 4 • Empire Based on Confucianism
AchievementPg 1 • ROADS!!!!! • The Silk Roads stretched from China to Europe and helped to improve trade.
AchievementPg 2 • Trade Goods • Porcelain, Paper, Silk
AchievementPg 3 • Great Wall • Massive wall built on the Northern border of China to keep out invaders
Achievements • Civil Service • A bureaucracy based on examinations of one’s knowledge. • Your score determines your place in the government.
Processing • Write a thesis statement comparing and contrasting the Qin and Han dynasties in the areas of: philosophy, accomplishments, and government.
Test Next Class • Chapter 4 • Hittites, Egypt, Kush, Assyria, Persia, China, Legalism, Daoism, Confucianism, Qin Dynasty, Han Dynasty • All notes, daily quizzes, activities, outlines are fair game • Essay • C/C two what?... • Philosophies (C,D,L) • Empires (Persia/Assyria) • Dynasties (Qin/Han)