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Respiratory system

Respiratory system. Roots . Nas /o: nose (بینی) Nasolabial : pertaining to the nose and lip Nasitis : inflammation of the nose Nasopalatine : related to nose and palatine Nasopharynx : the part of the pharynx above the soft palate

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Respiratory system

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  1. Respiratory system

  2. Roots

  3. Nas/o: nose (بینی) • Nasolabial: pertaining to the nose and lip • Nasitis: inflammation of the nose • Nasopalatine: related to nose and palatine • Nasopharynx: the part of the pharynx abovethe soft palate • Nasogastric: pertaining to the nose and stomach

  4. Rhin/o: nose, nose like structure • Rhinoplasty: surgical repair of the nose • Rhinoectomy:surgical removal of thenose • Rhinorrhea:discharge of mucus from the nose

  5. Naris,nares: nostril (سوراخ بینی ) • Anterior nares(nostrils): the ends of the nostriles that open into the nasal space and allow breathing in and out. • Posterior nares(choana): a part of openings in the back of the nasal cavity with the upper throat and allow the flow of air.

  6. Sept/o: septum (تیغه بینی ) • Septoplasty: surgical repair of the nasal septum • Septotomy: incision of the nasal septum

  7. Sinus/o: recess, cavity (سینوس) • Sinusotomy: incision of a sinus • Sinusitis: inflammation of a sinus • Sinosoid: resembling a sinus

  8. Antr/o:chamber,cavity((سینوسفک بالا • Antroscope: an instrument for inspecting the maxillary antrum • Antronasal: pertaining to the maxillary antrum and nasal fossa • Antrostomy: the operation of making an opening into an antrum for purposes of drainage

  9. Staphyl/o,uvul/o: uvula ((زبان کوچک • Staphylitis:uvulitis • Staphyledema: edema of the uvula • Staphyline: uvular • Uvulectomy: surgical removal of the uvula • Uvulotomy:the cutting off the uvula or a part of it • Uvuloptosis: a relaxed, pendulous state of the uvula

  10. Pharyng/o:pharynx ( حلق ) • Pharyngalgia: pain in the pharynx • Pharyngeal: pertaining to the pharynx • Pharyngectomy: excision of part of the pharynx • Pharyngismus: muscular spasm of the pharynx

  11. adenoid/o: adenoids-pharyngeal tonsil (حلقیلوزه) • Adenopathy: Enlargement of the lymphnodes • Adenoidectomy: Surgical removal of the adenoids • Adenoiditis:inflammation of the adenoids • Adenomalasia: abnormal softening of gland

  12. Laryng/o: larynx( حنجره ) Laryngocele: a congenital anomalous air sac communicating with the cavity of the larynx which may bulge out ward on the neck Laryngography: radiography of the larynx Laryngopathy: any disorder of the larynx Laryngoplasty: plastic repair of the larynx

  13. Trache/o: Trachea ( نای ) • Tracheocele:hernial protrusion of tracheal mucous membrane • Tracheophony:sound heard in ascultation over the trachea • Tracheorrhagia:hemorrhage from the trachea

  14. Bronch/o: Bronchus( نایژه ) • Bronchiectasis: chronic dilation of one or more bronchi • Broncholithiasis: a condition which calculi(stone) are present within the lumen of the tracheobronchial tree • Bronchology: the study and treatment of disease of tracheobronchial tree • bronchoscope

  15. Bronchodilator: a drug that causes widening of the bronchi.

  16. Bronchiol/o: Bronchiole(نایژک) • Bronchiolitis: inflammation of bronchiole • Bronchiolectasis: dilation of the bronchioles

  17. alveolus

  18. Alveoli/o: alveolus, a small sac like dilatation ((کیسه هوایی • Alveolitis: inflammation of a dental or pulmonary alveolus • Alveolar: relating to an alveolus

  19. Pneum/o, pneumon/o, pneumat/o, pulm/o, pulmon/o: lung ((ریه،گاز،هوا • Pneumobilia: gas in the biliary system • Pneumocephalus: air in the intracranial cavity • Pneumonopexy: surgical fixation of the long to the thoracic wall • Pneumonorrhaphy: suture of the lung • Pneumonosis: pneumonopathy • Pneumonotomy: incision of the lung

  20. Pneumonia: inflammation of the lungs with exudation and consolidation • Pneumaturia: gas or air in the urine • Pneumatocele: a usually benign,thin_walled, air_containing cyst of the lung, as in staphylococcal pneumonia • pulmoaortic: related to lung and aorta • Pulmonitis: inflammation of the lungs • pulmonary: pertaining to the lungs

  21. PEG pneumoencephalography: radiography of fluid containing structures of the brain after cerebrospinal fluid is intermittently with drawn by lumbar puncture and replaced by a gas

  22. Pleur/o: pleura (پرده جنب) • Pleurotomy: thoracotomy • Pleurocentesis: thoracentesis • Pleurodynia: pain in the pleural cavity

  23. Phren/o: diaphragm (دیافراگم) • Phrenoplegia: paralysis of the diaphragm • Phrenohepatic:pertaining to the diaphragm and liver • Phrenitis: diaphragmitis

  24. Phrenic/o: nerve of the diaphragm(عصب دیافراگم ) • Phrenicotripsy: crushing and rubbing diaphragmatic nerve

  25. cost/o: rib • Costochondral: pertaining to a rib and its cartilage. • Costoscapularis: the serratus anterior muscle • Costogenic:arising from a rib,especially from a defect of the marrow of the ribs

  26. Epiglott/o: epiglottis • Epiglottitis: supraglottitis • Epiglottodectomy: excision of the epiglottis • Epiglottis: the lidlike cartilaginous stracture overhanging the entrance to the larynx,gaurding it during swallowing

  27. lob/o: lobe of the lung • Lobectomy: excision of a lobe as of the lung brain • Lobotomy: incision of the lobe • Lobulated: made up of the lobules

  28. mediastin/o: mediastinum • Mediastinography: radiography of the mediastinum • Mediastinoscopy: examination of the mediastinum by means of an endescope inserted through an anterior midline incision just above the thoracic inlet

  29. muc/o, muc/us: mucus • Mucocele: dilation of a cavity with mucus secretion • Mucoid: resembling mucus • Mucociliary: pertaining to mucus and to the cilia of epithelial cells in the airways

  30. steth/o: chest (pertaining to listening to) • Stethometer: an instrument for measuring the cicular dimension or expansion of the chest • Stethospasm: spasm of the chest muscle • Stethogoniometer: apparatus for measuring curvature of the chest

  31. thorac/o: chest (organ) • Thoracocyllosis: deformity of the thorax • Thoracodynia: pain in the thorax • Thoracomyodynia: pain in the muscle of the chest • Thoracoscope: an endoscope for examing the pleural cavity through an intarcostal space

  32. Tonsill/o: a small ,rounded mass of tissue,especially of lymphoid tissue,generally use alone to disignate the palatine,tonsil • Tonsilotomy: incision of a tonsil • Tonsilitis: inflammation of the tonsil,especially the palatine tonsils

  33. pector/o: chest (pertaining to muscle) • Pectoral: thoracic • Pectoriloquy: voice sound of increased resonance heard sound of increased

  34. or/o: mouth • Orolingual: pertaining to the mouth and tongue • Oropharynx: the part of the pharynx between the soft plate and the upper edge of the epiglottis. • Oronasal: pertaining to the mouth and nose

  35. Spir/o: Breath,Breathing(تنفس ) • Spirometer: an instrument for measuring the air taken into and exhaled by lungs • Spirogram: a tracing or graph of respiratory movements • Spirocheata: a genus of bacteria found in fresh or sea-water slime,especially when hydrogen sulfide is present

  36. capn/o: carbon dioxide • Capnogram: a real time waveform record of the concentration of carbon dioxide in the respiratory gases • Capnometry: the determination of end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide

  37. coni/o: dust(گرد و خاک، غبار) • Coniosis: a disease caused by inhalation of dust • Coniofibrosis:pneumoconiosis with overgrowth of lung conective tissue

  38. Hilum: The area through which ducts, nerves, or blood vessels enter and leave a gland or organ. • Cilium or Flagellum: They have microtubule dependent molecular motors (dynine)

  39. _pnea:respiration,breathing( تنفس ) • Bradypnea:slow breathing • Dyspnea:difficultybreathing • Hyperpnea:increase in the depth of breathing

  40. _oxia: amount of oxygen((میزان اکسیژن • Anoxia:A total lack of oxygen

  41. _phonia: voice (صدا ) • Dysphonia: hoarsness • Aphonia: loss of voice

  42. _Capnia: amount of carbon dioxide • Hypercapnia:the abnormal build up of carbon dioxide in the blood

  43. -osmia: smell • Anosmia: absence of the sense of smell

  44. -phas, -phasia: speech • Dysphasia:a speech disorder of a specified kind

  45. -ptysis: spitting ( خلط ،تف کردن ) • Hemoptysis: the spitting of blood or of blood-stained sputum • albuminoptysis: albumin in the sputum

  46. اختصارات سیستم تنفسی

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