CLIMBING 101 Knots, Harnesses, Belaying and the 6 point Check
HARNESS SAFETY • Belay loop in the front • 3 buckles are showing • 3 buckles are double-backed • Harness is tight fitting • Extra straps are tucked away
KNOTS • RETRACED FIGURE EIGHT • BACK-UP BARREL • BOWLINE ON A BITE • BUTTERFLY KNOT • PRUSSICK KNOT
RETRACED FIGURE EIGHT • Make a loop in the rope with about 5 ft of working end. • Go over the long end and through the hole. • Pull the working end through harness or carabineer • Take working end and follow through knot back around. • Double over section of rope. • Pull tight!
RETRACED FIGURE 8 • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DwxY744fcU
BACKUP BARREL • Grasp the end of the knot. • Wrap it three times around the rope in a downward spiral. • Pass the end alongside the trailing end, up through loops and out of the top. • Pull it tight. • Make sure to leave a tail.
BACKUP BARREL • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=77rKsEinH_I
BOWLINE ON A BITE • Double a section of rope and form an “eye”. • Pass the free end through the eye forming a double loop below the eye. • Spread open the free end and bring it down to the bottom of the double loop. • Pass over double loop and continue up to top of eye • Pull the double loop while holding the line.
BOWLINE ON A BIGHT • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wmwvrZYTMv4
BUTTERFLY KNOT • Twist the rope to form a loop • Form another loop by twisting loop you just made. (looks like an 8) • Bring the second loop down and under rope. • Pass the 2nd loop through the 1st. • Pull the two ends in opposite directions.
BUTTERFLY KNOT • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=72_xyeN8pnM
PRUSSICK KNOT • Take a cord and form a loop underneath the rope you want to append to. • Loop the cord over itself and over the rope. • Repeat 3-5 times. • Bring the rope through the bite one more time and pull through the cord. • Pull to tighten.
PRUSSICK KNOT • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TEI9JlY2zgM
6 POINT CHECK • Helmet • Harness Buckle 1 • Harness Buckle 2 • Harness Buckle 3 • Carabiner • Knot/Belay Device
CLIMBING COMMANDS CLIMBER: READY TO CLIMB BELAYER: ON BELAY CLIMBER: CLIMBING BELAYER: CLIMB AWAY
BELAY DEVICES GRI-GRI ATC STITCH PLATE FIGURE EIGHT
THE BELAY SKILL PULL SLIDE SLIDE GriGri http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=4q0xRdqPjhI ATC http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=3vPwvmA3Nw0