LORD SRI KRISHNA The Supreme Personality of Godhead • No one • equal to or • above Him In BG 7.7 “O conqueror of wealth, there is no truth superior to Me. Everything rests upon Me, as pearls are strung on a thread.” Mattah parataram nanyat kincid asti dhananjaya mayi sarvam idam protam sutre mani-gana iva
Source of everything. BG 10.8 aham sarvasya prabhavo mattah sarvam pravartate iti matva bhajante mam budha bhava-samanvitah I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds.Everything emanates from Me. The wise who perfectly know this engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts.
He is Bhagvan - all opulent. Krishna is the original supreme personality of Godhead SB 1.3.28 ete camsah-kalah pumsah krsnas tu bhagavan svayam • Krishna possess all the 6 opulences in full. virya - strength Aishwarya - Wealth sriya - beauty yash - fame vairagya - renunciation jnana - Knowledge
Supreme proprietor, controller, enjoyer and well-wisher. BG 5.29 bhoktaram yajna-tapasam sarva-loka-mahesvaram suhrdam sarva-bhutanam jnatva mam santim rcchati A person in full consciousness of Me, knowing Me to be the ultimate beneficiary of all sacrifices and austerities, the Supreme Lord of all planets and demigods, and the benefactor and well-wisher of all living entities, attains peace from the pangs of material miseries.
Is God personal or impersonal? God is realized in three aspects: 1) Brahman – the impersonal Brahmajyoti 2) Paramatma – the localized aspect of God 3) Bhagavan - the personal feature of the Absolute Truth
COMPARISON IMPERSONALIST AND PERSONALIST REALIZATION BRAHMAN BHAGAVAN 1 Nirguna (without qualities) Saguna (with form, qualities, etc) 2 Inconceivable Possesses inconceivable potencies All pervading by energies and as Supersoul 3 All pervading Unchanging, fixed and immovable 4 Unchanging, fixed and immovable Cannot perceive any opulence because of lack of activity 5 Possessor of six opulences in full Success is guaranteed as nothing is lost Risk of not realizing Absolute Truth at the end 6 May realize the eternal and knowledgeable aspects of his original nature (Partial realization) Realizes eternity, knowledge and bliss (includes Brahman and Paramatma realization) 7
Evidences of Krsna’s Supremacy • Krsna: Source of Everything: • aham sarvasya prabhavo mattah sarvam pravartate • iti matva bhajante mam budha bhava samanvitah • “I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who know this perfectly engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts.” (BG. 10.8) • etad yonini bhutani sarvanity upadharaya • aham krtsnasya jagatah prabhavah pralayas tatha • “Of all that is material and all that is spiritual in this world, know for certain that I am both its origin and dissolution.” (BG 7.6)
Evidences of Krsna’s Supremacy • Krsna: Source of all qualities: buddhir jnanam asammohah ksama satyam damah samah sukham duhkham bhavo ‘bhavo bhayam cabhayam eva ca ahimsa samata tustis tapo danam yaso ‘yasah bhavanti bhava bhutanam matta eva prthag-vidhah ‘Intelligence, knowledge, freedom from doubt and delusion, forgiveness, truthfulness, self-control and calmness, pleasure and pain, birth, death, fear, fearlessness, nonviolence, equanimity, satisfaction, austerity, charity, fame and infamy are created by Me alone’. (BG 10.4-5)
Evidences of Krsna’s Supremacy • Krsna: Father of all beings: pitaham asya jagato mata dhata pitamahah (BG9.17) “I am the father of this universe, the mother, the support, and the grandsire” sarva-yonisu kaunteya murtayah sambhavanti yah tasam brahma mahad yonir aham bija pradah pita “It should be understood that all species of life, O son of Kunti, are made possible by birth in this material nature, and that I am the seed-giving father.” (BG 14.4) mattah parataram nanyat kincid asti dhananjaya mayi sarvam idam protam sutre mani-gana iva (BG 7.7) ‘O conquerer of wealth (Arjuna), there is no Truth superior to Me. Everything rests upon Me, as pearls are strung on a thread’.
Arjuna said: “You are the Supreme Brahman, the ultimate, the supreme abode and purifier, the Absolute Truth and the eternal Divine Person. You are the primal God, transcendental and original, and You are the unborn and all-pervading beauty.”
Krishna is a person. • Impersonal brahmajyoti is • His bodily effulgence. BG 14.27 brahmano hi pratishaham amrtasyavyayasya ca sasvatasya ca dharmasya sukhasyaikantikasya ca And I am the basis of the impersonal Brahman, which is immortal, imperishable and eternal and is the constitutional position of ultimate happiness. BG 9.11 avajananti mammudha manusim tanum asritam param bhavam ajananto mama bhuta mahesvaram Fools deride Me when I descend in the human form. They do not know My transcendental nature as the Supreme Lord of all that be • Krishna can never be immoral
Krishna and the demigods. Neither the hosts of demigods nor the great sages know My origin or opulences, for, in every respect, I am the source of the demigods and sages BG 10.2 ne me viduh sura-ganah prabhavam na maharsayah aham adir hi devanam maharsinam ca sarvasah BG3.12 In charge of the various necessities of life, the demigods, being satisfied by the performance of yajna [sacrifice], will supply all necessities to you. But he who enjoys such gifts without offering them to the demigods in return is certainly a thief istan bhogan hi vo deva dasyante yajna-bhavitah tair dattan apradayaibhyo yo bhunkte stena eva sah
Demigods God Many One Parts and parcel Supreme Whole Always worship the supreme as obedient servant Supreme worshipable Created by the supreme Supreme creator Exist within material creation Beyond material creation Delegated with various grades of power to manage the affairs of the material creation Supreme controller
Demigods God Subordinate to the will of Supreme Supremely independent Completely spiritual body, no birth, no old age, no disease and no death. Have material bodies, hence subjected to birth, old age, disease &death Come under the influence of the three material modes to different extents Come under the influence of the three material modes to different extents Temporary posts Eternally the same Supreme Lord
Worship of Demigods/GOD Less intelligent Broad intelligence BG 7.23 SB Akamah sarva kamova Moksha kamah udardhih Tivrena bhakti yogena Yajeta purusah param antavat tu phalam tesam tad bhavaty alpa-medhasam devan deva-yajo yanti mad-bhakta yanti mam api Benefits are material and temporary Benefits are eternal BG 2.40 nehabhikrama-naso 'stipratyavayo na vidyate sv-alpam apy asya dharmasyatrayate mahato bhayat antavat tu phalam tesam
Worship of Demigods/GOD Cannot award benediction without the sanction of the lord All benedictions are bestowed by him alone Endowed with such a faith, he endeavors to worship a particular demigod and obtains his desires. But in actuality these benefits are bestowed by Me alone BG 7.22 sa taya sraddhaya yuktas tasyaradhanam ihate labhate ca tatah kaman mayaiva vihitan hi tan
Worship of Demigods/GOD Destination - planets of the demigods. Destination -The spiritual world BG 9.25 BG 8.21 avyakto 'ksara ity uktastam ahuh paramam gatimyam prapya na nivartantetad dhama paramam mama yanti deva-vrata devan pitrn yanti pitr-vratah bhutani yanti bhutejya yanti mad-yajino ‘pi mam Those who worship the demigods will take birth among the demigods; those who worship the ancestors go to the ancestors; those who worship ghosts and spirits will take birth among such beings; and those who worship Me will live with Me That which the Vedantists describe as unmanifest and infallible, that which is known as the supreme destination, that place from which, having attained it, one never returns -- that is My supreme abode
Worship of Demigods/GOD Improper way Proper Way BG 9.23 BG 18.66 sarva-dharman parityajyamam ekam saranam vrajaaham tvam sarva-papebhyomoksayisyami ma sucah ye’py anya-devata-bhakta yajante sraddhayanvitah te ‘pi mam eva kaunteya yajanty avidhi-purvakam Those who are devotees of other gods and who worship them with faith actually worship only Me, O son of Kunti, but they do so in a wrong way Abandon all varieties of religion and just surrender unto Me. I shall deliver you from all sinful reactions. Do not fear
Worship of Demigods/GOD Mostly taken up by demons (asuras) Mostly taken up by devotees (suras) Cannot award Supreme liberation Awards true liberation Gives one what he wants Gives one what he needs Devotional service to the Supreme is completely spiritual. Material
Living entities GOD Part and parcel of GOD Complete whole Many One Subordinate controllers Supreme controller Dependent on the Lord Supremely independent