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The Middle Colonies: Ethnically Diverse, Religiously Tolerant PowerPoint Presentation
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The Middle Colonies: Ethnically Diverse, Religiously Tolerant

The Middle Colonies: Ethnically Diverse, Religiously Tolerant

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The Middle Colonies: Ethnically Diverse, Religiously Tolerant

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  1. The Middle Colonies:Ethnically Diverse,Religiously Tolerant

  2. The Middle Colonies • New York • New Jersey • Pennsylvania • Delaware

  3. Characteristics • Excellent land for farming • Fewer industries than New England, more than in the South • Population more ethnically mixed, religiously tolerant, democratically controlled • Less aristocratic than New England and the Southern colonies (except N.Y.)

  4. New York • New Amsterdam • Founded in 1626 • Founded by Dutch; English in 1664 • Shipbuilding and trade • Governor appointed by king • Dutch Reformed, others

  5. Prospect of the City of New York

  6. New Jersey • Founded in 1664 • Founded by Dutch and Swedish; Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret were given the land in 1664 by the English Duke of York • Wheat, rye, and oats • Governor appointed by king • Quaker, Dutch Reformed, and others

  7. Pennsylvania • Philadelphia • Founded in 1681 • Founded by William Penn as a safe place for Quakers • Shipbuilding and trade • Proprietor selected the governor • Quaker

  8. Delaware • Founded in 1682 • Founded by William Penn • Tobacco • Proprietor selected the governor • Quaker

  9. Colonial Lifestyles • Most colonists were farmers • Women wove, cooked, cleaned, and cared for children • Men cleared the land– fenced, planted, and cropped it; cut firewood, and butchered livestock • Children helped with adult tasks as well as being schooled when possible

  10. Lifestyles cont. • Compared to most 17th century Europeans, the colonist had a higher standard of living • Land was cheap • Wages were about three times that of Europe

  11. The Middle Colonies had excellent land for farming leading to the region being called the “bread colonies”.

  12. The Middle Colonies Three rivers, Susquehanna, Delaware, and Hudson tapped fur trade in the interior and exploration in the Backcountry.

  13. Pennsbury Rollover Steuben Rollover

  14. The middle colonies were ethnically diverse, religiously tolerant and democratic. Quakers contributed to human freedom, farming, lumbering, shipbuilding, shipping, trade, and fur trapping.