The Middle Colonies • New York • New Jersey • Pennsylvania • Delaware
Characteristics • Excellent land for farming • Fewer industries than New England, more than in the South • Population more ethnically mixed, religiously tolerant, democratically controlled • Less aristocratic than New England and the Southern colonies (except N.Y.)
New York • New Amsterdam • Founded in 1626 • Founded by Dutch; English in 1664 • Shipbuilding and trade • Governor appointed by king • Dutch Reformed, others
New Jersey • Founded in 1664 • Founded by Dutch and Swedish; Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret were given the land in 1664 by the English Duke of York • Wheat, rye, and oats • Governor appointed by king • Quaker, Dutch Reformed, and others
Pennsylvania • Philadelphia • Founded in 1681 • Founded by William Penn as a safe place for Quakers • Shipbuilding and trade • Proprietor selected the governor • Quaker
Delaware • Founded in 1682 • Founded by William Penn • Tobacco • Proprietor selected the governor • Quaker
Colonial Lifestyles • Most colonists were farmers • Women wove, cooked, cleaned, and cared for children • Men cleared the land– fenced, planted, and cropped it; cut firewood, and butchered livestock • Children helped with adult tasks as well as being schooled when possible
Lifestyles cont. • Compared to most 17th century Europeans, the colonist had a higher standard of living • Land was cheap • Wages were about three times that of Europe
The Middle Colonies had excellent land for farming leading to the region being called the “bread colonies”.
The Middle Colonies Three rivers, Susquehanna, Delaware, and Hudson tapped fur trade in the interior and exploration in the Backcountry.
Pennsbury Rollover Steuben Rollover
The middle colonies were ethnically diverse, religiously tolerant and democratic. Quakers contributed to human freedom, farming, lumbering, shipbuilding, shipping, trade, and fur trapping.