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President Garfield

President Garfield

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President Garfield

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Presentation Transcript

  1. President Garfield Ian Chan Tyler Eston Adam Levitt Jack Zhai

  2. The Election of 1880 • Candidates • Republican candidate: James A. Garfield • Waved the “bloody shirt” • Democratic candidate: Winfield Scott Hancock

  3. Results • Republican victory • Popular vote: 4,453,295 to 4,414,082 • Electoral: 214 to 155

  4. Clash in the Garfield Administration • Chester A. Arthur - Garfield’s VP • Stalwart • James G. Blaine – Garfield’s Sec. of State • Half-Breeds

  5. Assassination of Garfield • Charles J. Guiteau • Wanted jobs for Conklingites (Stalwarts) • Shot Garfield; died 11 weeks later (Sept. 19, 1881) • “I am a Stalwart. Arthur is now president of the United States.” • Pleaded not guilty • “Insanity defense” • Found guilty, hanged

  6. Outcome of Garfield’s Death • Reformed spoils system • Pendleton Act (1883) • Civil-service reform • Made excessive campaign contributions from federal employees illegal • Civil Service Commission • Unintended effect: politicians forced to look to big businesses for money

  7. Republican Feelings (Arthur) • Republicans offended by his integrity • Could not reap benefits of spoils system • Arthur died in 1886

  8. Now, Try This Please!!!