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Classification of Species

Classification of Species

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Classification of Species

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  1. Classification of Species Ka Hana ‘Imi Na‘auao – A Science Careers Curriculum Resource Go to: www.cds.hawaii.edu/kahana

  2. Classification Rules • All organisms have 7 names describing them. • But only the last 2 names are the scientific name. • Just like you! Your first name and your last name.

  3. Classification Rules • Scientific name: Homo sapien • All scientific names are italic or underlined, NOT bold. • The first name is capitalized, the second name is lower case. • Names are in Latin… why??

  4. Carolus Linnaeus • The father of taxonomy, also known as Carl von Linné, used Latin to begin our modern classification system because in the 1700s most educated people understood it. • Linnaeus, a botanist, physician and zoologist, also is considered the father of ecology.

  5. Classification Hierarchy Kingdom Most Broad Phylum Class Order Scientific Name Family Genus Species Most Specific

  6. Scientific Names are Unique • No two organisms share the same name, unless they are the same thing. • The genus name is like your last name. Several people belong to your family. • The species name is like your first name. You are a specific person in your family.

  7. Kingdoms • Two bacteria kingdoms • Kingdom Archaebacteria - loves extreme environments (say: ARK-ee-bak-TIR-ee-ah) • Kingdom Eubacteria - loves to live on your food and your skin (say: YOO-bak-TIR-ee-ah) • Oldest known forms of life.

  8. Kingdoms • Kingdom Protista (say: PRO-tis-tah) • Has characteristics of all kingdoms. • They do not fit the criteria for any one kingdom, so they have their own.

  9. Kingdoms • Kingdom Fungi (say: FUNG-guy) • Mushrooms, molds, spores • Though they look like plants, they have no true root system and cannot make their own food.

  10. Kingdoms • Kingdom Plantae (say: PLAN-tee in US, PLAN-tay in UK) • Includes all land plants. • All organisms make food from the sun, and have roots.

  11. Kingdoms • Kingdom Animalia (say: AN-i-mahl-ya in US or an-i-MAY-lee-ah in UK) • Largest kingdom. • Coral, worms, jellyfish, spiders, starfish, crabs, clams, fish, dogs, lions, snakes, monkeys, bats, humans, etc. • All organisms need to consume something to survive.

  12. Classification Hierarchy Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species

  13. Classification Hierarchy Kingdom: Animalia What organism is this? Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae (say FEL-uh-die in US, FEL-uh-day in UK) Genus: Lynx Scientific Name: Lynx rufus Species: rufus Common Name: Bobcat

  14. Do I Use Scientific Names? You use it all the time and probably don’t even know it! Why is this organism called a K-9? Family: Canidae Genus: Canis What is this called? Ford F-150 Genus: Ford Species: F-150