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Automatic Transmission Ch 39

Automatic Transmission Ch 39

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Automatic Transmission Ch 39

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  1. Automatic TransmissionCh 39 • 3 spd, 4 spd OD, 5, & 6 spd automatic. • 4L60E - 4T60E

  2. Torque Converter • Operates by hydraulic force created by transmission oil • Between engine & trans. (filled w/ fluid) • 3 Main parts • Impeller • stator • turbine • Converter multiplies twisting motion of crank shaft

  3. T/C operation • Impeller-input member, receives power from engine • Turbine-output member, splined to transmission • Stator-reaction member or torque multiplier • redirects fluid to enable torque multipication • Pump drive hub-notches on converter shaft, ground 180deg. apart

  4. TCC valve reverses fluid flow & causes the piston to push against the turbine and cover

  5. Planetary gear sets are the way different gears rations are achieved Automatic transmission hold and input different combination of these gear sets to achieve ratios Rule to remember: external to external=direction change external to internal =no direction change

  6. T-39-1 pg1001 Sli http://auto.howstuffworks.com/automatic-transmission3.htm de 1010

  7. Types of planetary gear sets • Simpson gear set • two gearsets share a common sun gear • most commonly used (simpson gear train) • Ravigneaux set • two gear sets share a common ring gear • more compact • carries more load due to more tooth contact

  8. Transmission Bands • Band-braking assembly around a drum • takes up minimum space • creates self energizing action • paper (high speed) or metallic (low speed) • Single wrap or double wrap • Flexible (more self energized or Rigid (can hold more)

  9. Trans Clutch Discs -Can hold or apply components -Clutch hub holds all components; cylinder, piston, piston return springs, seals, pressure plate, friction linings, steel plates, & return springs. -Friction linings are cellular paper, graphite, & ceramic.

  10. Bearings, Bushings, & thrust washers Thrust washer - sliding bearing, made from copper, bronze, teflon, or nylon. Used with low speeds & low loads. Can be selective Torrington bearing - has small rollers, used at high speeds, & heavy loads. Can be selective

  11. Seals Static, dynamic, positive, non-positive Lip Seals -seals around moving parts -spring & lip allow .0001 clearance -rubber seals used for non moving parts Ring Seals -seal in excessive heat range -when positive seal is not needed -can be made from metal, teflon, or nylon

  12. Hydraulics • Pressure Regulating valves • Changes fluid pressure • changes shift feel & quality • Flow directing valves • direct fluid to appropriate apply devices • Trans Cooler • when fluid reaches 175 deg it varnishes • fluid will break down & oxidize (hard on seals) • cooler should be replaced or at least flushed when rebuilding transmission

  13. Hydraulics

  14. Spool Valve