WTO discussion paper – IPPC OEWG 8-12 December 2008 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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WTO discussion paper – IPPC OEWG 8-12 December 2008 PowerPoint Presentation
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WTO discussion paper – IPPC OEWG 8-12 December 2008
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WTO discussion paper – IPPC OEWG 8-12 December 2008

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  1. WTO discussion paper – IPPC OEWG8-12 December 2008 Dr Kenza Le Mentec Economic Affairs Officer STDF Secretariat Agriculture and Commodities Division

  2. Overview • Plant health and trade • IPPC, the SPS Agreement and global trade • Measuring national phytosanitary capacity • Phytosanitary capacity building • Measuring impact of phytosanitary technical assistance • Role of the STDF

  3. Plant health and trade • Increased gobal merchandise trade (2.7%, 2000 - 2007): greater potential for spread of pests • Cost of pest spread: Cost of eradication and control, production losses, environmental damage. Compounds poverty in developing countries • Lost trade opportunities, difficulty to access foreign markets

  4. IPPC, the SPS Agreement and global trade • IPPC recognized as standard setting body for plant health under the SPS Agreement • ISPMs further the implementation of the SPS Agreement • ISPMs provide building blocks for phytosanitary systems and thus participation in international trade • Growing phytosanitary regulation -> trade concerns • WTO supports efforts to enhance developing country’s effective participation in the IPPC.

  5. Measuring national phytosanitary capacity • Limits of capacity evaluation tools • OECD Paris principles : Importance of demand driven approach • Placing phytosanitary needs in broader development plans and poverty reduction strategies • Paris Principles: Local dialogue, local ownership, co-ordination (e.g. One UN) • NPPO as plant health advocates

  6. Phytosanitary capacity building • Difficult to obtain accurate information on phytosanitary technical assistance activities -> under-reporting -> activities are part of broader programmes • Importance of accurate information on past, ongoing and planned capacity building activities to avoid duplication of effort, seek synergies and enhance donor coordination • IPPC phtosanitary strategy can give focus to phytosanitary capacity building efforts

  7. Measuring impact of phytosanitary technical assistance • Phytosanitary capacity building should show impact on broader objectives than immediate plant health such as market access, increased revenues and poverty alleviation • IPPC should integrate impact indicators into the strategy for building national phytosanitary capacity

  8. Role of the STDF • Advocacy linkages with wide-reaching initiatives (EIF, Aid for Trade) • Coordination activities tracking technical assistance flows, information sharing, thematic events • STDF as a source of funding turns good ideas into “bankable” projects

  9. Kenza Le Mentec The World Trade Organization Tel: +41 (0)22 739 65 38 email: stdfSecretariat@wto.org website: www.wto.org www.standardfacility.org