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My First Ride On a Train

Module 3. My First Ride On a Train. Reading and Vocabulary Language points. Lecturer: 李俊玲. Step1:Translate the following sentences into English: 1. 我们看到了被遗弃的农场 , 它们被建立于一百多年前。 2.Ghan 是 Afhanstan 的简称。 3. 我们吃着由厨师们制作的美味的大餐。 4. 受过训练的骆驼搬运食物和其他的必需品。 5. 他们通过一项法律,如果这些骆驼带来麻烦的话法律允许人们

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My First Ride On a Train

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  1. Module 3 MyFirstRideOnaTrain ReadingandVocabulary Language points Lecturer:李俊玲

  2. Step1:Translate the following sentences into English: 1.我们看到了被遗弃的农场,它们被建立于一百多年前。 2.Ghan 是Afhanstan 的简称。 3.我们吃着由厨师们制作的美味的大餐。 4.受过训练的骆驼搬运食物和其他的必需品。 5.他们通过一项法律,如果这些骆驼带来麻烦的话法律允许人们 射杀他们。 We sawabandonedfarmswhich were built more than a hundred years ago. Ghanis short forAfghanistan. We ate great mealscooked by experts. Trained camelscarried food and other supplies. They passed a lawwhichallowed people to shoot  the animals if they were a problem .

  3. Language points: • Key words: • 1.distance  n. 距离;远处;远方 拓展: a long-- distance train in the distance在远处;在远方at a distance稍远处 a distance  of… 多远的距离 keep sb at a distance 与某人保持距离;不与某人亲近

  4. 活学活用 1)Hestoodthere,watchinguntilthetrain disappeared_______________. 2)Thepictureisgoodatfirstsight,butit looksbetter______________. 3)汤姆总是与杰克保持距离。 Tomalways____________________.  in the distance at  a distance keeps Jack at a distance

  5. 2. scenery n. 风景;景色辨析:scenery,scene,view,sight 1)scenery :[u] 是自然景色的总称,常用来 描述静态的美丽的乡村景色,指“一地区的自然景 色,风景”。2)scene :[c] 指现场;电影、书、图画中的 场景;舞台的布景、场景;侧重于有人 活动的 场面。3)view : [c] 指从某一角度或地点(窗口, 山 顶…)看到的景观 ;表示“观点,看法”。4)sight :指场景、眼前看到的景观,尤指名胜 观光胜地,常用复数形式。

  6. 用scenery /sights/scene/view的适当形式填空 1)Guilin attracts lots of visitors by its  beautiful natural .2)There is a fine   of the mountain  from our hotel window.3)The Great Wall  is one of the  of China.4)There is a happyof children playing in the garden. scenery view sights scene

  7. 3. abandoned  adj.被遗弃的,被抛弃的; 无约束的abandonvt. 放弃,遗弃,舍弃,中止归纳拓展: 1).abandon sb/sth抛弃(遗弃)某人/某物2).abandon oneself to…沉溺于…  (to是介词) playing 1).He abandoned himself to _______(play) computer games. 2).Along the road we could see nothing but   _________(abandon) clothes and furniture  which were too heavy for the villagers to carry. abandoned

  8. Main phrases • 1.be short for是…的缩写 • 归纳拓展: for short简称(放在句末 )in short总之,简言之be short of =lack缺乏 is short for 1)WTO___________the World Trade Organization. =The World Trade Organization is called WTO __________. 2).Though they _______________money, his parents  managed to send him to college. 3).He is very clever and studies hard;________, he is   a good student. for short were short of in short

  9. 2. trydoing尝试做某事 trytodosth设法/尽力做某事 ---- I knocked for a while, but no one answered the door. ---- Why not _____ the back door?     A. try to knock at       B.to try knocking at      C. try knocking at      D.to try to knock at 思考回顾:Can you give me some other words used like “try” in Module 2? c

  10. 3.not any more/ no longer • not any more:侧重于某动作不再重复或数量 上、程度上不再增加,常与瞬间动词 连用。 • no longer:侧重于时间或状态不再延续,常与 延续性动词 连用。 no longer 1) He__________ lives here. 2) Ever since then, such accidents_______ appeared__________. haven’t any more

  11. Patterns 1.They passed a law whichallowed people to shoot the animals if they were a problem .  分析:本句中有which引导的定语从句,修饰先行词law, 说明law 的具体内容。而这个定语从句中又包含一个if 引导的条件句。 Notice:   *   allow sb to do sth sb be allowed to do sth allow doing sth   *  shoot  sb/sth   :射中(强调结果)shoot at sb/sth:用枪瞄准(强调动作过程,未必击中)

  12. Exercises C 1.The hunter ____ the eagle _____ in the sky,  but he missed it.                  A. shot; flew                B. shot at; flew   C. shot at; flying          D. shot; flying2.The police don’t allow __________(park)in the street, because it’s too crowded. The police don’t allow people_________(park) in the street, because it’s too crowded. parking to park

  13. The usage of the v–ed form used as adjective 1).We ate great meals cooked by experts! 2).Trained camels carried food and other supplies, and returned with wool and other products.3). We saw abandoned farms which were built  more than a hundred years ago. ※1)单个过去分词作定语一般放在被修饰词之前,表示一个被 动、已完成的动作。 2)过去分词短语作定语放在被修饰词之后,相当于一个定语 从句。 fallen ※1.In Autumn there are many _________(fall)leaves on the ground. 2.The glass _______(break) by my son has been swept away. The glass ______________(break)by my son has been swept away.(改成定语从句) broken which was broken

  14. Summary 1.Key Words 1)distance      2) scenery       3)abandoned           4)allow 5)shoot       2.Phrases   1) be short for  2)try doing 3)not any more 3.Patterns     In 1925,they passed a law which allowed people to shoot the animals if they were a  problem . 4.The usage of the v–ed form used as adjective . 

  15. 高考链接 • 1.The face of four famous American presidents on Mount Rushmore can be seen from a _____ of  60 miles. (04年全国)A. length    B. distance    C. way     D. space2. For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit  ____ on his own farm. (09北京高考)A. grown                B. being grown        C. to be grown       D. to grow3. Mrs White showed her students some old maps   ___ from the library. (2010全国卷1)A. to borrow         B. to be borrowed         C. borrowed          D. borrowing B A C

  16. C • 4.Now that we’ve discussed our problem, are people  happy with the decisions______?    A. taking   B. take   C. taken    D. to take • 5.----Can I smoke here ?   ---- Sorry. We don’t allow _____ here.  (2007江苏)A. people smoking     B. people smoke        C. to smoke                D. smoking • 6. I still remember ______to the Famen Temple and what I saw there. A.to take B.to be taken C.taking D.being taken D D

  17. Writing • Do you remember your travelling experience? Try your best to use the points you have learned in this class as possible as you can. • Some possible points you can use: have one’s first ride on a long-distance train/geton/getoff/scenery/abandoned…/ try doing sth/try to do sth/no longer/allow/ in short… Just have a try:Your first travelling to Mongolia grassland.

  18. Thank you!

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