Colonists Speak Out Big Idea
Anticipatory Set • The British are coming!
California Standards • Social Studies Standard 5.1: • Understand how political, religious, and economic ideas and interests brought about the Revolution (e.g., resistance to imperial policy, the Stamp Act, the Townshend Acts, taxes on tea, Coercive Acts).
California Standards • Social Studies Standard 5.2: • Know the significance of the first and second Continental Congresses and of the Committees of Correspondence.
California Standards • Social Studies Standard 5.4: • Describe the views, lives, and impact of key individuals during this period (e.g., King George III, Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams).
Input - Timeline • 1764 – First Committee of Correspondence is formed in Boston. • 1765 – Parliament passes Stamp Act. • 1767 – Parliament passes Townshend Acts. • 1770 – Boston Massacre takes place.
Language of the Discipline • Budget– a plan for spending money. • Representation – speaking on behalf of someone else. • Treason – working against one’s own government.
Language of the Discipline • Committee of Correspondence– members who would write to other colonies, keeping them informed and united. • Imperial Policy– laws and orders issued by the British government.
Language of the Discipline • Boycott – to refuse to buy or use goods or services. • Repeal – to cancel, or undo, a law.
The Stamp Act Input Pg. 327
Input • After the French and Indian war, the British decided that the colonies should pay higher taxes. • Sugar Act passed in April 1764. • March 1765 (less than a year later) the Stamp Act was passed. • Taxed paper documents. • Newspapers, legal documents, and playing cards all needed a special stamp.
Input • Colonists were very angry about the new taxes. • Colonists said that they could not be taxed without representation in Parliament. • 1765 – delegates of 9 colonies meet as Stamp Act Congress. • “No Taxation without Representation” • Patrick Henry told Virginia House of Burgesses that Parliament did not represent colonies. • He was accused of treason by some members. • House voted not to pay the taxes.
Colonists join together Input Pg. 328
Input • Stamp Act Congress showed colonies could work together. • They needed faster ways to share news. • Committees of Correspondence were formed and wrote letters to each other to spread news. • 1764 – Boston • 1765 – New York • 1773 – Virginia
Input • 1772 – Samuel Adams started another committee in Boston to write other cities to protest British imperial policies. • Together colonists tried to make Britain repeal the Stamp act. • They began to boycott British goods.
Input • A group called the Sons of Liberty worked to stop the Stamp Act. • They captured British officials trying to collect tax and “tarred and feathered” them to scare them away.
Input • Women formed the Daughters of Liberty. • Wove cloth to replace British cloth in Rhode Island. • 1766 – British merchants had lost a lot of money from the boycott. • Benjamin Franklin spoke to Parliament and and they voted to repeal the Stamp Act.
The Townshend acts Input Charles Townshend Pg. 330
Input • 1767 – Parliament passed new taxes on the colonies. • The Townshend Acts • Taxed imports such as glass, tea, paint, and paper. • Townshend acts showed that Britain still thought it could make laws for the colonies.
Input • Daughters of Liberty asked people to stop drinking British tea. • They made their own • Boston merchants stopped importing taxed goods. • Some colonists refused to paint their houses.
Input • Townshend Acts failed for the British • Very few taxed items were being bought. • 1770 – all taxes were repealed except for the tax on tea. • Many still refused to buy this taxed tea. • Parliament sent more soldiers to the colonies. • 1770 – 9,000 British troops were in the colonies and 4,000 of them were in Boston.
The Boston Massacre Input Pg. 331
Input • British soldiers in the cities angered colonists. • Called them “lobsters” and “redcoats” • Some soldiers became angry and destroyed colonial property. • Fights broke out. • March 5, 1770 – a large crowd of colonists shouted insults and threw rocks and snowballs at some British soldiers.
Input • The crowd moved forward and the soldiers fired into the crowd. • Crispus Attucks was an African-American soldier from Massachusetts and is believed to be the first person killed for the colonies’ freedom. • Five colonists died in the fight.
Input • Paul Revere made a picture of the shooting titled The Bloody Massacre. • Massacre – the killing of many people who cannot defend themselves • The event became known as the Boston Massacre.
Summary • The Stamp Act angered many colonists because they believed they had a right to be represented in any government that taxed them. Colonists began to work together to protest Britain’s imperial policies. As anger between the colonists and Britain grew, fights broke out. Some of the worst fighting took place in Boston.
Input • What did the colonists do after the Boston massacre took place? • Create your own…
Input • Think about the name that Paul Revere gave to his painting of the Boston Massacre. He named it the “Bloody Massacre.” Why do you think that he titled it that way? What was he trying to say with the painting and the name? • Write down your ideas.
Modeling • Open to page 332 • Why were colonists angered by Britain’s new colonial tax laws? • Parliament taxed the colonists but allowed them no voice in government.
Modeling • Open to page 332 • Why did some colonists accuse Patrick Henry of treason? • They believed that he was working against Parliament.
Check forUnderstanding • What did the Townshend Acts place taxes on? It taxed imports such as glass, tea, paint, and paper.
Check forUnderstanding • What did the colonists use to force Britain to repeal the Stamp Act? They used boycott to force the repeal
Independent Practice • Complete #2, #4, and #9. Independent Practice • Finish the worksheet.