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Introduction to Biology II

Introduction to Biology II

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Introduction to Biology II

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  1. Introduction to Biology II Biology 1312 Spring 2007 Dr. Brad Hoge Vertebrates

  2. Chordata

  3. Chordate Characteristics • Notochord • Hollow Dorsal Nerve Cord • Pharyngeal Slits • Muscular, Postanal Tail

  4. Invertebrate Chordates • Urochordata • Cephalochordata

  5. Vertebrates

  6. Jawless Vertebrates • Myxini (Hagfishes) • Cephalaspidomorhi (Lampreys) • Ostracoderms

  7. Condrychthyes

  8. Osteichthyes

  9. Fishes • Ray-Finned Fish (Actinopterygii) • Lobe-Finned Fish (Actinistia) • Lung Fish (Dipnoi)

  10. Tetrapods

  11. Amphibia • Urodela • Anura • Apoda

  12. Amniotes • Synapsids • Anapsids • Diapsids • Lepidosaurs • Archosaurs

  13. Reptile Groups • Early Anapsids • Marine Reptiles • Dinosaurs • Pterosaurs

  14. Modern Reptiles • Testudines • Sphenodontia • Squamata • Crocodilia

  15. Birds

  16. Wings and Feathers

  17. Origin of Birds

  18. Mammals • Monotremes • Marsupials • Placentals

  19. Primates

  20. Humans

  21. To Be Human • Brain Size • Jaw Shape • Bipedal Posture • Reduced Dimorphism • Social Structure