Beat Beat poetry evolved during the 1940s in New York City, and the West Coast (primarily parts of California) The end of World War II left poets like Allen Ginsberg, Gary Snyder, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, and Gregory Corso questioning mainstream politics and culture. Beat Beat poetry evolved during the 1940s in New York City, and the West Coast (primarily parts of California) The end of World War II left poets like Allen Ginsberg, Gary Snyder, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, and Gregory Corso questioning mainstream politics and culture.
Black Arts Movement With roots in the Civil Rights Movement, Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam, and the Black Power Movement, Black Arts is usually dated from approximately 1960 to 1970. African American artists within the movement sought to create politically engaged work that explored the African American cultural and historical experience.
Black Mountain Black Mountain College in Black Mountain, NC was an educational experiment that lasted from 1933 to 1956. It was one of the first schools to stress the importance of teaching creative arts and that, in combination with technical and analytical skills, the arts are essential to human understanding.
New York School The New York School of poetry began around 1960 in New York City and included poets such as John Ashbery, Barbara Guest, Kenneth Koch, and Frank O'Hara. Heavily influenced by surrealism and modernism, the poetry of the New York School was serious but also ironic, and incorporated an urban sensibility into much of the work.
San Francisco Renaissance The “SFR" is the name given to the emergence of writers and artists in the Bay Area at the end of World War II. It was not a single movement, but rather a collage of many different communities that migrated to San Francisco during the postwar era seeking out the remnants of bohemian culture in the US. Although the poets were united in eschewing a poetic mainstream they felt had turned back toward formalism and abandoned the innovations of modernism, they were not united by a single particular aesthetic style and often were at odds with one another both artistically and politically.