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**questions**assessment**What does PPVT stand for?**Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test**What is reliability?**The consistency of results obtained from an assessment**What does IQ stand for?**Intelligence Quotient**What is validity?**The accuracy and appropriateness of the interpretations and inferences drawn from the results of a test**What does the PPVT test?**Receptive vocabulary**What is assessment?**The systematic collection and interpretation of data**What is assessment bias?**Bias may be indicated if the mean test of one group differs substantially from another group**Why do we screen students?**To determine whether there is a reason or suspicion for continued testing**What percentage of people are between 1 and 2 standard**deviations below the mean? Approximately 13%**What is measurement?**The explicit quantification of the results obtained through testing--putting a number on it**What is a test?**The instrument that yields a number**What is evaluation?**The placing of value or interpretation of a measurement**Name an informal test strategy.**Observations Work sample analysis Portfolios Task analysis Inventories Criterion referenced tests Diagnostic teaching Checklists and rating scales Interviews Rating scales**Name a formal test.**WISC-IV Key Math PPVT-III WRMT-R and a host of others**Give a characteristic of formal tests.**Very explicit instructions Uses a variety of score reporting types Scores are comparable to other scores**How do you determine the validity and reliability of a test?**Look in the manual for the correlation scores.**What is a standard deviation?**The average amount of difference from the mean of all the scores**If you are very confident of a test procedure, what level of**confidence do you choose? 68%**What is the DEC 1 for?**Special education referral**When do we use scaled scores?**For subtests**What is the Buckley Act?**FERPA**What is the definition of a learning disability?**A disorder on one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written**In what areas is a learning disability manifested?**Writing, speaking, reading, spelling, thinking, listening, and math**What is the definition of mental retardation or intellectual**disability? Significantly subaverage intellectual disability existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period**What score is generally one standard deviation below the**mean when the mean is 100? 85**Do the parents have the right to change their minds after**signing the consent for evaluation? Yes**What is a percentile score?**A ranking of performers: the value of the variable below which a certain percent of the participants fall**What records are not accessible to parents under the Buckley**Act? Notes kept in the sole possession of the note maker**What is a bell curve?**A distribution of scores around a mean**What is the DEC 2 for?**Consent for evaluation or reevaluation**What does CBM stand for?**Curriculum based measurement**What is the DEC 3 for?**Eligibility determination**What score is generally two standard deviations above the**mean when the mean is 100? 130**What does DIBELS stand for?**Dynamic Indicators of Early Literacy**What score is generally one standard deviation above the**mean when the mean is 100? 115**Persons with intellectual disability generally score lower**than _____ on an IQ test. 70**Where does a percentile score of 16 fall?**At one standard deviation below the mean**What score is generally three standard deviations below the**mean when the mean is 100? 55**What is predictive validity?**The use of a test score to forecast the student’s performance on another task or measure**What is the mean?**The arithmetic average**Is it appropriate to change the aim line when using**curriculum based measurement? Yes**What is a basal?**The score below which all scores are considered correct**Where does a percentile score of 38 fall?**Within one standard deviation of the mean**When do we use a raw score?**As a tool to determine the standard scores