Welcome to a COASTWIDE LABORATORIESPresentation . . . . . OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard and Chemical Safety Worker's Right-to-Know Presented by: Mike Mayers MU Operations Supervisor
Worker's Have the Right-to-Know • If they are exposed to hazardous chemicals • What to do to protect themselves • Where to get more information
Effective Chemical Safety Requires • Accurate Information • Total Commitment • Excellent Planning • Shared Responsibility
Three Cornerstones to Safety • Personal Protective Barriers -- Example: PPE • Safe Work Practices -- Example: Wash Hands • Engineering Controls -- Example: Ventilation
Ways Employers Can Improve Worker Safety • Provide Chemical Safety Training & Retraining • Verify Employee Learning • Select Safer Products to Use • Make PPE Available • Provide MSDSs for all Chemicals • Listen to Worker Suggestions
Ways Employees Can Improve Worker Safety • Watch for hazard warning labels • Read product labels • Follow safety guidelines • Ask for assistance • Review the MSDS and literature
Some Common Potentially Hazardous Substances in Our Work Areas • Cleaning Chemicals • Maintenance and Repair Chemicals • Microorganisms • Propane
Primary Routes of Entry • Eye Contact • Skin Contact • Inhalation • Ingestion
Microorganisms (Germs)Routes of Transmission • Droplet • Airborne • Contact
Germ Transmission by Droplets Droplets containing germs can be spread by coughing, sneezing or even talking. Illnesses spread by droplets include influenza, strep throat and the common cold.
Germ Transmission by Airborne Particles Airborne germs can attach themselves to small dust and moisture particles. Illnesses spread by airborne particles include tuberculosis and chickenpox.
Germ Transmission by Direct Contact Contact transmission is the transfer of germs from one surface to another. This can include surfaces, objects or people. A crosscontamination from surfaces to eyes, nose, mouth, hands or skin can occur. This is why cleaning and disinfecting surface contact points is important. Illnesses spread by contact transmission include staph infections and Hepatitis A. HIV and Hepatitis B are also spread by direct contact with blood or other potentially infectious body fluids.
The Basic Rule:Wear Appropriate PPE • Wear Hand Protection • Skin Protection • Eye Protection • Respiratory Protection
Hand Protection • Wear appropriate gloves • Inspect gloves before use • Discard damaged gloves immediately • Keep gloves washed and clean • Wash hands frequently when working with chemicals
Use Proper PPE! Use your head … not your hands! +
Skin Protection • Cover exposed skin like arms and legs • Remove and launder contaminated clothing immediately • Eliminate processes that expose skin to chemicals or pathogenic organisms • Wash contaminated areas promptly using soap and water
Eye Protection • Glasses with side shields • Goggles • Face Mask
Respiratory Protection • Provide adequate ventilation • Don’t atomize or spray fine mists into air • Stay within OSHA TWA/TLV guidelines
Guidelines for Chemical Safety • Never remove or deface labels • Label all secondary containers • Never mix chemicals • Measure chemicals accurately • Avoid spraying fine mists • Wear PPE at all times during work • No food or drink while using chemicals
Some Additional Guidelines for Chemical Safety • Store chemicals safely and securely • Never store chemicals above eye level • Never take chemicals home from work • Don't inhale chemicals from container • Never remove and leave lids off containers • Don't allow access to chemicals by untrained or unauthorized personnel
Understanding Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) MSDS Answers Four Primary Questions • 1. What is the product? • 2. What should I do if a hazardous situation occurs? • 3. How can I prevent hazardous situations? • 4. What other important information should I know?
Understanding Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) What is the product? Answered in Sections 1-3 of the MSDS Section 1--Product and Company ID Section 2--Composition and Ingredient Info Section 3--Hazards Identification
Understanding Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) What should I do if a hazardous situation occurs? Answered in Sections 4-6 of the MSDS Section 4--First Aid Measures Section 5--Fire Fighting Measures Section 6--Accidental Release Measures
Understanding Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) How can I prevent hazardous situations from occurring? Answered in Sections 7-10 of the MSDS Section 7--Handling and Storage Section 8--Exposure Controls & PPE Section 9--Physical & Chemical Properties Section 10-Stability and Reactivity
Understanding Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) What other important information should I know about this product? Answered in Sections 11-16 of the MSDS Section 11--Toxicological Information Section 12--Ecological Information Section 13--Disposal Considerations Section 14--Transport Information Section 15--Regulatory Information Section 16--Other Information