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Hazard Communication Chemical Specific

Hazard Communication Chemical Specific

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Hazard Communication Chemical Specific

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  1. Hazard CommunicationChemical Specific

  2. Determine hazardous chemicals in work areas • Consult the list of hazardous chemicals • Chemical manufacturers supply hazard information 1a

  3. Determine hazardous chemicals in work areas • Chemicals at this facility • Chemicals in your work area 1b

  4. Acutely toxic Chronically toxic Carcinogenic Mutagenic Teratogenic Sensitizing agent Corrosive Irritant Health hazards Health hazards cause health effects upon exposure 2a

  5. Combustible liquid Compressed gas Explosive Flammable Organic peroxide Oxidizer Pyrophoric Unstable (reactive) Water-reactive Physical hazards include any chemical that is: 2b

  6. Protective measures • Work practices • Engineering controls • Personal protective equipment 3a

  7. Dispensing and storage techniques • Know how to properly handle hazardous chemicals • Check for MSDS information 4a

  8. Dispensing and storage techniques • Take the following precautions: • Wear recommended safety equipment • Work in well-ventilated areas • Store and dispense of chemicals properly • Avoid creating sparks near hazardous chemicals 4b

  9. Detecting hazardous chemicals in work areas • Know how to detect whether a chemical has been spilled, or is otherwise present in the environment in an uncontrolled manner 5a

  10. First aid procedures • Read MSDSs for first aid information • Have emergency eyewash stations and showers available 6a

  11. Emergency eyewash stations • Know where to go for treatment • Drench eyes/skin with water 7a

  12. Emergency eyewash stations • If a chemical splashes into eyes: • get to a flushing station immediately • hold eyes open with your fingers - lift your eyelids • look directly into stream of water • flush eyes for 15 minutes • get medical attention 7b

  13. Emergency procedures • Different chemicals have different emergency procedures • Refer to MSDSs 8a

  14. Emergency procedures • Refer to 29 CFR 1910.1200 • Refer to 29 CFR 1910.120 8b

  15. Material safety data sheets • Primary tool for getting detailed chemical information • Must be readily available 9a

  16. Material safety data sheets include: • Chemical identity • Physical and chemical characteristics • Physical and health hazards • Primary routes of entry 9b

  17. Material safety data sheets include: • PEL, TLV, other exposure limits • Whether it is a carcinogen • Precautions for safe handling/use • Recommended engineering controls 9c

  18. Material safety data sheets include: • Emergency first aid procedures • Date of preparation • Name, address, phone number of manufacturer, importer, responsible party 9d

  19. Material safety data sheets • MSDSs may contain recommendations from ANSI 9e

  20. Material safety data sheets • MSDSs also provide information regarding: • signs and symptoms of exposure • personal protective equipment • spill and leak clean-up • labeling information 9f

  21. Report the need for MSDSs • Check with supervisor if MSDS appears to be missing • Chemical suppliers provide MSDSs 10a

  22. Report the need for MSDSs • MSDSs must be part of the facility’s HazCom program - your employer makes sure they are kept up to date. 10b

  23. Labeling requirements • Labels warn of potential dangers • Labels are not intended to be the sole source of information • Labels serve as an immediate warning 11a

  24. Labeling requirements • Labels must be keyed to MSDSs • Labels must contain: • the identity of the hazardous chemical • appropriate hazard warnings • the name, address of the chemical manufacturer, importer, other responsible party 11b

  25. Labeling requirements • Ensure that labels do not come off, become smudged or unreadable • For hard-to-label containers, use: • signs or placards • process sheets, or batch tickets 11c

  26. Labeling requirements • Be able to quickly identify the general hazard of any material: • NFPA system identifies: • Health hazards • Flammability hazards • Reactivity hazards • Special hazards 11d

  27. Labeling requirements • Be able to quickly identify the general hazard of any material: • HMIS system identifies • Health hazards • Flammability hazards • Reactivity hazards 11e

  28. Hazards of nonroutine tasks • Know what chemicals you work with and their hazards • Know the contents of pipes 12a