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Using the 4:1 Ratio

Using the 4:1 Ratio

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Using the 4:1 Ratio

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  1. Using the 4:1 Ratio The Boggs Center on Developmental Disabilities Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey In Partnership with the Office of Special Education New Jersey Department of Education 2019-2020 School Year Funded by IDEA -Part B 2019-2020

  2. Using the 4:1 Ratio • Description: • The 4:1 ratio represents the ideal proportion of positive (4) to negative (1) interactions a teacher has with his/her students over time • Features of the 4:1 Ratio • WORDS that are descriptive, objective, validating • TONE that is enthusiastic and genuine • BODY LANGUAGE that is attentive In partnership with NJDOE OSE funded by IDEA funds - Part B 2019-2020

  3. Using the 4:1 RatioWhat is the 4:1 Ratio? “You need to quiet down and get started with your work.” “I love how you offered a solution to that problem.” “Thanks for being on time.” “It’s nice to see you today.” “Awesome job starting your work.” In partnership with NJDOE OSE funded by IDEA funds - Part B 2019-2020

  4. In partnership with NJDOE OSE funded by IDEA funds - Part B 2019-2020 How Are We Using Our Attention? • What is one thing Randy said that resonated with you? “Am I paying more attention to positive behavior or more attention to negative behavior? Randy Sprick

  5. Using the 4:1 RatioTypes of Statements In partnership with NJDOE OSE funded by IDEA funds - Part B 2019-2020

  6. Using the 4:1 Ratio Middle School Sports High School In partnership with NJDOE OSE funded by IDEA funds - Part B 2019-2020

  7. Using the 4:1 RatioPersonal Practice Commitment • Everything we do will have a better outcome if we commit together to consistent implementation! • During the next 2-4 weeks let’s commit to trying the 4:1 ratio • I will help by sending reminders and examples • We will reconvene in grade level meetings to reflect on how it went and what we have learned • If you have a question or need assistance contact me at….. In partnership with NJDOE OSE funded by IDEA funds - Part B 2019-2020

  8. Using the 4:1 Ratio2-4 Week Follow-Up • What were some of the most interesting discoveries I made while using the 4:1 ratio? • About the 4:1? • About myself? • About my students? • What were some of my most powerful learning moments when using the 4:1? • A moment that was challenging? • A moment that was rewarding? • A moment where everything seem to click? • A turning point for you? In partnership with NJDOE OSE funded by IDEA funds - Part B 2019-2020

  9. Using the 4:1 Ratio Research Articles • Hollingshead, A., Kroeger, S.D., Altus, J., & Brubaker Trytten, J. (2016). A case study of positive behavior supports-based interventions in a seventh-grade urban classroom. Preventing School Failure, 60, 278-285. • Myers, D.M., Simonsen, B., & Sugai, G. (2011). Increasing teachers’ use of praise with a response-to-intervention approach. Education and Treatment of Children, 34, 35-59. • Rathel, J.M., Drasgow, E., Brown, W.H., & Marshall, K.J. (2014). Increasing induction-level teachers; positive-to-negative communication ratio and use of behavior-specific praise through e-mailed performance feedback and its effect on students’ task engagement. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 16, 219-233. In partnership with NJDOE OSE funded by IDEA funds - Part B 2019-2020