Fort Sumter - April 12 1861 • Located near Charleston, South Carolina • Confederate leaders tell Union troops to leave the fort. • Confederate troops bombard Fort Sumter for 36 hours before it was surrendered. • Lincoln is outraged and declares the South in rebellion. • This officially begins the Civil War. • Remaining Southern states must choose sides. • Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas secede. • Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri, and West Virginia stay in the Union.
The Battle of Bull Run-1861 • The First major battle of the Civil War • Civilians gathered for picnics to watch the battle as if it were a basketball game. • The Confederacy (South) destroyed the Union ( North) at this battle, due to the great leadership of General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson. • It proved to both sides that the war would be long and difficult.
The Merrimac vs. The Monitor- 1862 • The Merrimac, covered in iron, threatened the wooden ships of the Union that blockaded the South. • In March 1862, The Merrimac and Monitor met in the battle of the iron-clads. • The two ships fought to a draw. • The ships proved that iron-clad ships were superior to wooden ships. • The iron ships represented advancements in technology.
The Battle of Vicksburg- 1863 • The Union army led by General Ulysses S. Grant attacked Vicksburg for six weeks. • The Confederates were so desperate for food they were eating horses and mules. • On July 4, 1863 the Confederates surrendered Vicksburg to the Union. • This gave the Union total control of the Mississippi River
The Battle of Gettysburg- 1863 • This was fought over July 4th weekend in 1863. • On the last day of the battle Confederate George Pickett leads “Picket’s Charge”, which was one last attempt by the South to win the battle. • The Union defeated the Confederacy. General Robert E. Lee lost a third of his army at Gettysburg. • This was the turning point in the Civil War. • After the battle Lincoln gave the Gettysburg Address, which became one of his most famous speeches.
Appomattox Courthouse-1865 • Not a battle • General Lee officially surrenders to General Grant • The Union won the Civil War • The Union was preserved