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“Major Battles of the Civil War”

“Major Battles of the Civil War”

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“Major Battles of the Civil War”

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  1. “Major Battles of the Civil War” Coach Janette U.S. History

  2. Shiloh (April 6-7, 1862) Tennessee UnionConfederate Commanders:U.S. GrantAlbert Johnston Army Size:51,00040,000 Casualties:13,04710,694 Result/Significance:Union Victory. U.S. Grant earns a reputation as a great general. “Retreat?” “No, I propose to attack at daylight and whip them.” – General U.S. Grant, USA

  3. Shiloh (April 6-7, 1862) Tennessee

  4. Seven Days (June 25-July1, 1862)Virginia UnionConfederate Commanders:McClellanR.E. Lee Army Size:105,44590,000 Casualties:15,84920,141 Result/Significance: Confederate Victory. McClellan retreats and is fired by Lincoln as Commander of the Union Army. “It was not war, it was murder.” – Major General D.H. Hill, CSA

  5. Seven Days (June 25-July1, 1862)Virginia

  6. 2nd Bull Run(Second Manassas)August 29-30, 1862 - Virginia UnionConfederate Commanders:John PopeR.E. Lee Army Size:63,00054,000 Casualties:16,1009,200 Result/Significance: Confederate Victory. Decisive victory for Lee and Jackson – pushed the Union troops out of Virginia. Pope is replaced by McClellan (Second time) as Commander of Union troops. “Success and glory are in the advance, disaster and shame lurk in the rear.” – General John Pope, USA

  7. 2nd Bull Run(Second Manassas)August 29-30, 1862 - Virginia John Pope Robert E. Lee

  8. Antietam Creek (Sept 17, 1862) - Maryland UnionConfederate Commanders:McClellanR.E. Lee Army Size:75,00052,000 Casualties:12,41013,724 Result/Significance:Union Victory on Union soil. Bloodiest single day battle of the war. Lee is forced to retreat to Virginia. Lincoln fires McClellan again and issues the “Emancipation Proclamation.” “Every stalk of corn in the northern and greater part of the field was cut as closely as could have been done with a knife, the slain lay in rows precisely as they stood in their ranks a few minutes ago.” – An Union Officer

  9. Antietam Creek (Sept 17, 1862) - Maryland

  10. Fredericksburg (Dec 13, 1862) - Virginia UnionConfederate Commanders:Ambrose BurnsideR.E. Lee Army Size:114,00072,000 Casualties:12,6535,309 Result/Significance: Overwhelming Confederate Victory. Burnside is replaced by Joseph Hooker as Commander of Union forces. “It is well that war is so terrible, otherwise, we should all grow too fond of it.” – General Robert E. Lee

  11. Fredericksburg (Dec 13, 1862) - Virginia

  12. Chancellorsville (May 1-4, 1863) - Virginia UnionConfederate Commanders:Joseph HookerR.E. Lee Army Size:134,00057,000 Casualties:17,28712,764 Result/Significance: Confederate Victory. However, “Stonewall” Jackson is mistakenly shot by his own men and killed, Lee says, “I have lost my right arm.” “….the attacking forces emerged from the forest and rushed on….. in such multitudes that our men went down before them like trees in a hurricane.” – Major General Oliver O. Howard, USA

  13. Chancellorsville (May 1-4, 1863) - Virginia

  14. Gettysburg (July1-3, 1863) Pennsylvania UnionConfederate Commanders:George MeadeRobert E. Lee Army Size:93,50077,518 Casualties:25,00028,000 Result/Significance: Second battle on Union soil. Turning point of the Civil War for the Union. Bloodiest battle in the history of the North American continent. Lee is forced to retreat to Virginia for the second and last time. It will be Lee’s last major offensive. “Men were falling all around us, and cannons and muskets were raining death upon us.” – G.W. Finley

  15. Gettysburg (July1-3, 1863) Pennsylvania

  16. Vicksburg (April-July, 1863) Mississippi UnionConfederate Commanders:GrantPemberton Army Size:46,00022,000 Casualties:4,5503,275 Result/Significance: Union Victory. Union gained control of the Mississippi River and cut the Confederacy in two. “We are utterly cut off from the world, surrounded by a circle of fire.” – Confederate Woman

  17. Vicksburg (April-July, 1863) Mississippi

  18. Wilderness (May 5-6, 1864) Virginia UnionConfederate Commanders:GrantLee Army Size:102,00061,000 Casualties:18,40011,400 Result/Significance: Draw. Neither side claims victory, but Grant pushes on and earns the nickname “The Butcher.” “He looked as though he ought to have been, and was, the monarch of the world.”- Description of Robert E. Lee by a Confederate Officer

  19. Spotsylvania (May 8-19, 1864) Virginia UnionConfederate Commanders:GrantLee Army Size:100,00052,000 Casualties:18,00010,000 Result/Significance: Draw. Grant continued to push towards Richmond. “It was a life or death contest… the stars and stripes and the stars and bars nearly touched each other…” – General Robert McAllister, USA

  20. Cold Harbor (June 1, 1864) - Virginia UnionConfederate Commanders:GrantLee Army Size:108,00062,000 Casualties:12,0002,500 Result/Significance: Confederate victory. 7,000 men were killed in 20 minutes. Changes Grant’s war strategy to going after cities (Atlanta, Petersburg, Richmond and Savannah) instead of Lee’s Army. “I will not lead my men in another such charge if Jesus Christ himself comes down to order it.” – An Union Officer

  21. Appomattox Courthouse (April 9, 1865), Virginia Results/Significance: Effectively ends the Civil War. “It is with pain that I announce to Your Excellency the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia.” – General Robert E. Lee to President Jefferson Davis