Unit I: Citizenship Part 1: What is an American Citizen
Civics • The study of the rights and duties of citizens.
What is a Citizen? • A member of a community who owes loyalty to a government and is entitled to protection from it.
What does citizenship entail? • The rights and duties of members of a state.
Duty • Something we have to do
Responsibility • Something we ought to do
Who are the citizens of the United States? • E Pluribus unum – Out of many, one
Immigrant • A person who moves permanently to another country
Immigration • The introduction of new people into a population
Reasons for Immigration • Religious • Political • Wealth • Forced • Opportunity
Religious • To be able to practice their religious beliefs without fear of persecution
Political • To escape the injustices of despotism (authoritarian governments)
Wealth • In search of precious metals, cash crops and land
Forced • Millions of Africans were forced to migrate as a cheap source of labor (slavery)
Opportunity • It was an opportunity for a new life for many
Diversity • The different ethnic, religious and cultural traditions that make up the American population.
The Great American Melting Pot • People of different cultures blended together to make one American culture
The American “Tossed Salad” • America is made up of many different cultures that remain distinct but contribute to American diversity.
How does one become and American Citizen? • Native Born • Born on American soil • If one parent is an American
How does one become an American Citizen • 2 Through the Naturalization Process – the steps that someone who is not a citizen take to become one • USCIS –United States Citizenship and Immigration Services
Losing Citizenship • Denaturalization – lying during the naturalization process • Expatriation – giving up ones citizenship by becoming citizen of another country • Punishment for a Crime – federal crimes that involve extreme disloyalty (i.e. Treason)
What is an alien? • A noncitizen • Legal Aliens – noncitizens who are in the country legally • Illegal Aliens – noncitizens who came into US illegally
Immigration Act of 1990 • Emphasis on people with particular skills, talents, or money to invest.
Legal Aliens: Hold jobs Own property Attend public schools Receive gov. services Pay taxes Given protection Legal Aliens cannot: Vote in elections Run for office Serve on juries Be without identification cards What is the difference between the rights of legal aliens and US citizens?
Government • The Ruling authority for a community
Why do communities need government? • To make it possible for people to live together peacefully
Thomas Hobbes • Scottish political philosopher (1588-1679)
Guide the Community Help shape public policy– the course of action to achieve community goals