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Unit I: Citizenship PowerPoint Presentation
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Unit I: Citizenship

Unit I: Citizenship

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Unit I: Citizenship

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  1. Unit I: Citizenship Part 1: What is an American Citizen

  2. Civics • The study of the rights and duties of citizens.

  3. What is a Citizen? • A member of a community who owes loyalty to a government and is entitled to protection from it.

  4. What does citizenship entail? • The rights and duties of members of a state.

  5. Duty • Something we have to do

  6. Responsibility • Something we ought to do

  7. Duties and Responsibilities

  8. Who are the citizens of the United States? • E Pluribus unum – Out of many, one

  9. The New Colossus

  10. Immigrant • A person who moves permanently to another country

  11. Immigration • The introduction of new people into a population

  12. Immigration to America

  13. Reasons for Immigration • Religious • Political • Wealth • Forced • Opportunity

  14. Religious • To be able to practice their religious beliefs without fear of persecution

  15. Political • To escape the injustices of despotism (authoritarian governments)

  16. Wealth • In search of precious metals, cash crops and land

  17. Forced • Millions of Africans were forced to migrate as a cheap source of labor (slavery)

  18. Opportunity • It was an opportunity for a new life for many

  19. Impact of Immigration

  20. Diversity • The different ethnic, religious and cultural traditions that make up the American population.

  21. The Great American Melting Pot • People of different cultures blended together to make one American culture

  22. The American “Tossed Salad” • America is made up of many different cultures that remain distinct but contribute to American diversity.

  23. Immigration Attitudes Today

  24. Immigration Attitudes Historically

  25. How does one become and American Citizen? • Native Born • Born on American soil • If one parent is an American

  26. How does one become an American Citizen • 2 Through the Naturalization Process – the steps that someone who is not a citizen take to become one • USCIS –United States Citizenship and Immigration Services

  27. The Naturalization Process

  28. Losing Citizenship • Denaturalization – lying during the naturalization process • Expatriation – giving up ones citizenship by becoming citizen of another country • Punishment for a Crime – federal crimes that involve extreme disloyalty (i.e. Treason)

  29. What is an alien? • A noncitizen • Legal Aliens – noncitizens who are in the country legally • Illegal Aliens – noncitizens who came into US illegally

  30. Immigration Act of 1990

  31. Immigration Act of 1990 • Emphasis on people with particular skills, talents, or money to invest.

  32. Legal Aliens: Hold jobs Own property Attend public schools Receive gov. services Pay taxes Given protection Legal Aliens cannot: Vote in elections Run for office Serve on juries Be without identification cards What is the difference between the rights of legal aliens and US citizens?

  33. Unit 1 Part II: The Government and the People

  34. Government • The Ruling authority for a community

  35. Why do communities need government? • To make it possible for people to live together peacefully

  36. Thomas Hobbes • Scottish political philosopher (1588-1679)

  37. Life without government would be “nasty, brutish, and short.”

  38. What do governments do?

  39. Provide Laws

  40. Provide Security

  41. Provide Services

  42. Guide the Community Help shape public policy– the course of action to achieve community goals