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WWII divided into two periods

WWII divided into two periods

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WWII divided into two periods

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  1. WWII divided into two periods • 1939-1942 – Hitler and Axis Domination • 1943-1945 Allies on the Offensive

  2. Major Turning Points during WWII • Stalingrad, November, 1942 • El Alamein, Summer 1942 • Battle of the Coral Sea, May 1942 • Midway, June, July 1943

  3. World War II – Victory for the United Nations (1939-1945) • May 1940, France out of the War – Vichy France • Battle of Britain – an obvious strategy would have been for a landing, but the Germans had made no preparations for amphibious warfare • The decision was then made by Hitler and Air Marshall Goring to do the job solely with air power

  4. Two Main Phases to the Battle of Britain • August and September 1940, daylight bombing raids to wipe out merchant convoys, airports and fighter planes • Almost a success for the Germans, but losses were so high that on September 17 Hitler postponed any invasion • Shift in German strategy to bombing British cities • Winston Churchill; -- “The nations finest hour” • Air attacks continued until 1942, but the aerial battle of Britain was over

  5. Equally Critical was the Battle of the Atlantic • Importance of convoys getting through to Britain • After the sinking of the Bismarck the British controlled the ocean’s surface, the Germans beneath the waters with their submarines

  6. The fateful decision to invade Russia – Spring, 1941 • The idea that Russia could be conquered by winter • Russia would add considerable lebensraum or space to the German Reich • The plan almost worked • Millions of Russians captured or killed • But when winter closed in, neither Leningrad nor Moscow was captured • Between December 1941 and May 1942 the German army in Russia literally froze to death

  7. U.S. Enters WWII • American government took steps to freeze Japanese credits in the U.S. to halt access of raw materials – summer and autumn of 1941 • Force Japan to withdraw from China • Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941, a “day of infamy” • Because of treaty with Japan, Germany declared war on America on December 11, 1941

  8. Japan had many initial advances • Philippines • Guam • Wake Island • Malaya • Indonesia • Borneo

  9. The last two years of the war the Axis was on the defensive • Attack on Germany and Italy came from three directions • By the Russians from the east • By the British, French and Americans from the South and West

  10. Finishing the War in the Pacific • “Island Hopping” • Tarawa • Eniwetok • Guam • Okinawa • Iwo Jima China Theater Larger Islands – Solomons, New Guinea,Phillippines

  11. The Sudden End – the Manhattan Project • Hiroshima and Nagaski, August 6 and 9, 1945 • September 2, 1945 Japanese Surrender, Tokyo Bay