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Constitutional Convention. Purpose of the Constitutional Convention. The goal was to revise the Articles of Confederation . It was quickly decided to replace it. . Articles of Confederation. Articles of Confederation. Philadelphia .
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Purpose of the Constitutional Convention The goal was to revise the Articles of Confederation . It was quickly decided to replace it. Articles of Confederation Articles of Confederation
Philadelphia • 53 Delegates met in absolute secrecy in Philadelphia during the summer of 1787. • They met in Indepedence Hall. • On average their were about 30 delegates their every day. • James Madison was the only delegate to never miss a day.
Virginia Plan Proposed by big states Lawmaking body: Bicameral (2 Houses) Based on Population Elected by the 1st house Elected by the people # of Congressmen determined by state population
New Jersey Plan Supported by smaller states Lawmaking body: Unicameral (1 House) Each state would have the same number of Representatives or votes Based on Equality
The Great Compromise This was a combination of both plans… Lawmaking body: Bicameral Congress (2 Houses) Senate House of Representatives Each state gets 2 representatives # of reps. would depend on populations
Slavery • Slavery became an issue with population. In the south, slavery made up 1/3 of the population • The south wanted them to count in their population so they would have more votes. Slaves however could not vote.
3/5 Compromise • They decided to count 3/5 of the total number of slaves as population. • 5 blacks = 3 whites. Slaves still could not vote
President Court System Separation of Powers ( How the Government will be organized ) 3 Branches Executive Judicial Legislative House of Reps. Senate = Congress Makes Laws Carries out laws Interpret the laws
Amendments Before any of the states would sign the Constitution, the delegates wanted a way to amend the Constitution in order for it to grow with the times and the country. Bill of Rights 1st Amendment 2nd Amendment 3rd Amendment
Signing the Constitution 39 delegates signed before leaving Philadelphia. Each state planned to have its own convention to vote on the adoption. Nine states were needed to ratify. December 7, 1787
Federalists vs. Anti Federalists ... Let the Battle Begin... Federalists: Supporters of the New Constitution George Washington Ben Franklin James Madison Alexander Hamilton John Jay Anti Federalists: Opposed ratification of the new Constitution 1. Would take away liberties 2. Create a strong central government 3. Ignore the will of the people 4. Favor the wealthy **Wanted the gov. close to the people Thomas Paine Patrick Henry
Ratification June 21, 1788 New Hampshire, the 9th state signed the constitution putting into effect the new government. There were still states that had not ratified. This threatened the outcome of the new Gov. The four remaining states signed by May of 1790! Go USA!!
George Washington was elected the first President of the U.S. John Adams was elected the first Vice President of the U.S.