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Constitutional Convention

Constitutional Convention. Chapter 2 Section 4. Vocab. Interstate Commerce Extralegal Anarchy Advocate Modification Publish. Convention Begins. May 1787 in Philadelphia States were allowed 74 delegates, 55 attended, 39 signed the final draft of the Constitution

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Constitutional Convention

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Constitutional Convention Chapter 2 Section 4

  2. Vocab • Interstate Commerce • Extralegal • Anarchy • Advocate • Modification • Publish

  3. Convention Begins • May 1787 in Philadelphia • States were allowed 74 delegates, 55 attended, 39 signed the final draft of the Constitution • In attendance were Washington, Franklin (81 at the time), Madison • Was an advocate, meaning pushed for, a strong central government • Majority ruled, no votes took place unless 7 of the 13 states were present

  4. Key Agreements • Agreed to abandon the Articles of start again • Favored limited and representative government • Agreed to three branches of divided government • Limit states ability to coin money • Should strengthen national government

  5. Decisions and Compromises • Virginia Plan • Strong national legislature; two chambers • Lower chamber by the people, upper chamber from the lower chamber • National executive chosen by legislature • This plan set the framework for the government • Modifications – changes • Favored bigger states

  6. Decisions and Compromises • The New Jersey Plan • Unicameral legislature – one vote from each state • Congress got the power to tax and regulate trade • Weak executive, multiple people • Limited judiciary • Just amend the Articles of Confederation

  7. Decisions and Compromises • Connecticut Compromise • House of Representatives based on population • All revenue laws start here • Senate – two members from each state • Why was this an important compromise?

  8. Three Fifths Compromise • Large slave population in the South would help representation • Did not want slaves counted for taxation • Only 3/5ths of slaves would be counted for both representation and taxation

  9. Commerce and the Slave Trade • Could not ban the slave trade until 1808 • Gave Congress power to regulate interstate commerce • Could not impose export tax

  10. Slavery • Northern states were moving towards abolishing slavery • Compromised with Southern states to not address it at the time • Left it to future generations

  11. Other Compromises • President – by the people, Congress or states? • Electoral College • Four year term was a compromise between long term and too much power

  12. Ratifying the Constitution • Went into effect June 21, 1788 • Not ratified until May 29, 1790

  13. Anti-Federalists • Anti-Federalists – opposed Constitution • Supported by farmers, laborers and those in-land • Claimed the Constitution was extralegal or not sanctioned by law • Constitution lacked a Bill of Rights • Demanded the Constitution clearly guarantee certain freedoms

  14. Federalists • Federalists – supported Constitution • Supported by merchants, cities and coast areas • Claimed anarchy, or political disorder, would come from a weak national government • Claimed no need for a Bill of Rights, since many states had them already • Eventually give in to Anti-Federalists

  15. Progress Toward Ratification • Added Bill of Rights made ratification easier • New York and Virginia were not the first to ratify • Virginia – June 25, 1788 in a close vote • New York – July 26, 1788 • Hamilton, Madison and John Jay published 80 essays to help pass the Constitution

  16. The Government • Washington as President • John Adams as Vice President • 22 Senators • 59 representatives • March 4, 1789 – first Congress in New York • April 30, 1789 – Washington takes oath of office • 1791 – first ten amendments called Bill of Rights were passed

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