KWANZAA Created by: Mrs. Waterman-O’Connell
BACKGROUND • Kwanzaa is an African American holiday that begins on December 26th and ends January 1st. • The word Kwanzaa comes from the Swahili language and means “first fruits of the harvest”. • It was started in 1966 by Dr.Maulana Karengz.
Background • Kwanzaa is a way for African Canadians to create and celebrate their own customs. • The holiday season is a time for family and friends to come together. • Family and friends gather to share food, give presents, and celebrate love and unity. • Kwanzaa celebrates the times that bind harvest to the cultural history of African Canadians. • Many ancestors of present day African Canadians were farmers.
Nguzo Saba The seven principles of Kwanzaa that celebrate the positive aspects of the African way of life.
Means “UNITY” –working together with family, community, nation, and race. • The symbol is the “UNITY CUP” called “KIKOMBEE CHA UMOJA” • The cup is used to drink to honor our ancestors. After the toast, all members of the family drink from this cup. UMOJA
- It means “SELF-DETERMINATION”- defining ourselves, renaming ourselves, speaking for ourselves, and planning for ourselves. • Its symbol is a “KINARA” which is a seven piece candle holder • Stands for our very first ancestors, man and woman, the makers of our people and principles. KUJICHAGULIA
It means “COLLECTIVE WORK AND RESPONSIBILITY” – building communities, sharing and solving our problems. • The symbol is “MAZAO” which are “CROPS” • These crops represent our connection with African peoples who celebrated the planting and harvesting of foods (fruits, nuts, and vegetables) UMJIMA
NIA • It means “PURPOSE” – striving to build our communities and to do again the things that restore our traditional values like: • Have respect for our elders, for one another, and responsibility for ourselves and one another. • The symbol is the seven candles called the “MISHUMAA SABA” (mee-shoo-maah-sah-bah)
MISHUMAA SABA • The seven candles: • One black that is placed in the middle of the KINARA and stands for the African Peoples. • Three red that stands for our struggle • Three green that stand for our young people
It means “COOPERATIVE ECONOMICS”- building and maintaining our own stores and other businesses, and profiting from them together. • The symbol is the “MKEKA” (m-kay-cha) which is the “WOVEN MAT” • This mat is a symbol of tradition and history. UJAMAA
It means “CREATIVITY” – using our minds and hands to make our communities more beautiful than they were when we inherited them. • Using our hands to make gifts that record and keep our history alive! • The symbol is “VIBUNZE” (cuee-boon-zee) which are “EARS OF CORN” • Each ear of corn represents a child in the family. Each kernel represents generations to come. KUUMBA
-It means “FAITH” – believing with all our hearts in our people, our parents, our elders, and our teachers and victory of our struggle for equality. • The symbol is “ZAWADI” (sah-wah-dee) which are the “GIFTS”. • On the last day of Kwanzaa, meaningful gifts are given by children and adults. • These gifts are things that have been made by hand. IMANI