IT’S HUMP DAY!! – 5/21/14 • SSR • Review Vocabulary • Warm-Up • Review of Nonfiction • 3rd Benchmark Review • Reflection Learning Goal: Effective learners review what they have learned in order to fill in any gaps. Essential Question: How are learners successful?
Warm-Up List three characteristics of a nonfiction text. Then, list three examples of nonfiction text.
Characteristics of Nonfiction • A lot of information on to be taken in (facts, data, statistics, etc.) • Headings, subheadings, and footnotes • Charts, pictures/diagrams, and maps (with captions and labels) • Unfamiliar vocabulary (usually in bold or italics)
Examples of Nonfiction • Newspaper or Magazine Articles • Textbooks • Recipes • Instruction Manuals/Directions • Books • Biographies/Autobiographies • Personal Narratives • Memoirs
Purpose of Nonfiction • To give information • To inform, explain, or persuade
3rd Benchmark Review We will be reading and annotating each passage together before sharing our answers and WHY we chose them. “Advancements in Tools and Machinery” “Where Men Are Still Cheaper Than Machinery” “Rain” “The Mirror”
3rd Benchmark Review Four Corners • After reading the nonfiction passages, to show how you answered the related questions, you will walk to the corner that corresponds to your choice (A, B, C, or D) • Be prepared to JUSTIFY your answer!!
17. Which quote supports the central idea of the text “Iron Workers and Tool Makers”? A “It was a great advancement to discover the art of working in metals…” (paragraph 1) B “Every improvement in tools marked a new step in the development …” (paragraph 1) C “Such are among the triumphs of modern mechanical engineering…” (paragraph 6) D “These tools are themselves among the most striking…” (paragraph 6)
18. Based on “Iron Workers and Tool Makers,” why did inventors face challenges when improving existing tools? A The inventors faced challenges because tool improvements sometimes decreased the necessity for laborers. B “ “ the newly improved tools had imperfections that needed to be corrected. C “ “ improvements on tools cost factory owners more money than the originals. D “ “ workers do not always see the value in tools that have been improved.
19. Based on information provided in “Iron Workers and Tool Makers,” what impact did workers have on advancements in tool design? A Workers accelerated the implementation of improved tools because they recognized the ease with which tasks could be completed. B Workers delayed the introduction of some new tools of machinery due to their reluctance to adopt devices that could eliminate jobs. C Workers hindered the establishment of factories with upgraded tools and machinery due to doubts about their safety and trustworthiness. D Workers supported the utilization of updated tools because the improvements decreased the time it took to accomplish a task.
20. Based on the context of paragraph 2, which phrase means the same as bars out? A to activate or start B to be caused by C to obstruct or stop D to take a break from
21. Based on this sentence, what does the word impetus mean? A direction B force C reason D weight
22. How does the author of “Where Men Are Still Cheaper…” contrast the ideas found in “Iron Workers and Tool Makers?” A The author explains how modern machinery is ultimately more expensive than workers due to fueling expenses. B The author illustrates that using advanced machinery can be a hindrance because workers do not know how to use it properly. C The author offers an example of workers refusing to give up their jobs to advanced machinery introduced by their employer. D The author provides evidence of a place where advanced machinery was more costly than performing tasks by hand.
23. How do the authors of each text distinguish their points of view? A The first selection employs strong word choice, while the second selection illustrates ideas through description. B The first selection uses a formal style, while the second selection utilizes a conversational tone. C The first selection provides historical information, while the second selection presents a glimpse into the future. D The first selection compares important details, while the second selection maintains one focus.
3rd Benchmark Review Tally Up • After reading the poetry passage, with your heads down at your desks you will raise your hand for the answer you chose. • On the board, a tally of who chose each answer will be taken, and we will discuss how the class answered each question.
8. What poetic devices are used, and what is their impact? A Alliteration and personification are used; the poetic devices reflect the strength and persistence that the storm possesses. B Hyperbole and metaphor are used; the poetic devices confirm the storm’s desperation and desire to find shelter. C Imagery and simile are used; the poetic devices enable the reader to visualize the individual characteristics of the storm. D Repetition and onomatopoeia are used; the poetic devices help the reader to experience the force of the storm.
9. What is the meaning of harbor as it is used in line 10? A accept or appreciate B contain or restrain C enhance or improve D shelter or protect
10. How does the poet develop the central idea throughout the poem? A The poet uses figurative language and descriptive words to create an association between the storm and the speaker’s emotional state. B The poet uses figurative language and descriptive words to illustrate the destructiveness of the wind and rain during the storm. C The poet uses sound devices and dialogue to reinforce the connection between the storm and the actions of people who are angry. D The poet uses sound devices and dialogue to reveal the impact the storm has on the house and also on the speaker’s attitude.
11. How do lines 10-11 contribute to the development of ideas within the poem? A These lines demonstrate the negative impact that the storm has on the speaker due to its wrath. B These lines indicate a turning point in the poem when the focus becomes the speaker instead of the storm. C These lines reveal that the storm raging outside the speaker is actually a storm inside his or her mind. D These lines show that the speaker has become weak from the storm and feels defeated because of it.
12. What inference can the reader make about the speaker based on lines 12-16? A The speaker is in poor health and knows that he or she must slow down to get well. B The speaker is unhappy about something in his or her life and wants to escape from it. C The speaker has lost the love of his or her life and yearns to find that person again. D The speaker has experienced an obstacle in life and wants to face it head-on.
13. How does the setting of the poem impact the mood? A The setting creates an anxious mood because the storm endangers the speaker. B The setting establishes a gloomy mood because the storm disheartens the speaker. C The setting creates a menacing mood because the storm is becoming more aggressive. D The setting establishes an uneasy mood because the storm is unpredictable and erratic.
14. Which traits would the reader use to describe the speaker at the end of the poem? A alarmed and uncomfortable B confused and attentive C nervous and miserable D troubled and contemplative
15. What is the impact of the author’s use of imagery throughout the poem? A The imagery creates awareness in readers about weather dangers. B The imagery appeals to readers and their sense of excitement. C The imagery allows readers to experience the consequences of extreme weather. D The imagery adds interest and draws readers into the poem.
16. How does the author develop the point of view of the speaker? A The author uses first person point of view to describe the speaker’s personal experiences and connections to the storm. B The author uses first person point of view to detail the speaker’s actions and fear of the strong winds. C The author uses first person point of view to explain the speaker’s anxiety due to the storm’s insistence and power. D The author uses first person point of view to illustrate the speaker’s exhaustion after the storms ends.
3rd Benchmark Review Gather Round • After reading the fictional passage together, your group will determine the answers to the questions related to the text. • Choose a spokesperson to share out and explain your group’s answer choice.
24. How does the setting help to shape the plot? A The absence of mirrors around the kingdom drives Jacinta to seek one out later in the story. B The destruction of mirrors within the kingdom drives the queen to imprison those responsible. C The elimination of mirrors from the kingdom drives Valentin’s actions later in the story. D The lack of mirrors in the kingdom drives the queen to extreme measures with her subjects.
25. Based on the context of paragraphs 1 and 2, what does the word caprice mean? A devastating outcome B obvious choice C superior behavior D unusual action
26. Which statement best identifies the theme of the text? A People should not just look at appearance to determine quality of one’s character because what is on the inside matters as well. B People should always consider what others think of them because they will reflect back the type of person they are on the inside. C People should not treat others with disrespect because it will only bring about their own unhappiness and loneliness. D People should always be honest in how they feel about one another and help each other see the true character that is on the inside.
27. How does the author reinforce the theme of the text? A The author uses the evil deeds of the queen to reinforce the theme. B The author uses Jacinta’s depression about her appearance to reinforce the theme. C The author uses Valentin’s love for Jacinta to reinforce the theme. D The author uses the old lady’s deceitful statements to reinforce the theme.
28. How do paragraphs 2 and 5 contribute to the development of the plot? A The paragraphs present evidence of the queen’s fear and dread of mirrors throughout the story. B The paragraphs provide motivations for the queen’s anger and disgust throughout the story. C The paragraphs reveal the joy the queen feels in denying others the use of a mirror in the story. D The paragraphs establish the inner struggles the queen overcame later in the story.
29. How does the author contrast Valentin’s opinion of Jacinta’s appearance with that of the witch’s? A Valentin declares his feelings about Jacinta’s appearance through the use of humor, but the witch uses hyperbole to express her opinions. B Valentin expresses his thoughts on Jacinta’s appearance through the use of figurative language, but the witch uses visual imagery to explain her opinions. C Valentin reveals his opinions on Jacinta’s appearance through the use of hyperbole, but the witch uses figurative language to describe her opinions. D Valentin states his beliefs about Jacinta’s appearance through the use of personification, but the witch uses humor to convey her opinions.
30. What caused the queen to be so unhappy? A The queen knew that all the girls in her kingdom were very charming and was jealous that her personality was no match to theirs. B The queen felt that she had a displeasing appearance and was uncomfortable with anyone in her kingdom seeing his or her reflection. C The queen thought that people should not have so much pride in their appearance and was frustrated with the girls in her kingdom. D The queen imagined that she was incredibly unattractive and was embarrassed by the stares she received from the people of her kingdom.
31. Based on the sentences, what can the reader determine to be the meaning of the idiom stoop to understand? A lower oneself to understand a situation B just barely understand a situation C change one’s ideas to understand a situation D naturally understand a situation
32. Based on the text, what is the symbolism of the mirror? A The mirror symbolizes the examination of one’s true self based on others’ perceptions. B The mirror symbolizes the fear that one feels when unsure of where the future may lead. C The mirror symbolizes the fragility of one’s self-esteem and how it can be broken easily. D The mirror symbolizes the pride that one experiences after accomplishing an important goal.
33. Which quote from the text will the reader use to justify that Jacinta can be characterized as innocent and gullible? A “However, in a suburb of the city…” (paragraph 6) B “And so on endlessly; she delighted, and he still more charmed…” (paragraph 9) C “Let me alone; you are lying out of pity…” (paragraph 18) D “Jacinta did not like to show herself and asked of what use…” (paragraph 21)
34. Which best explains the irony present in the story? A Jacinta believes that she is ugly, but she discovers that appearance does not matter. B The mirror is viewed as a source of power, but it takes the queen’s power from her. C The queen fears seeing her own reflection, but a mirror helps her resolve that concern. D Valentin is the intended target of the executioner, but the queen perishes instead.
35. What is the impact of the irony on the reader? A The reader feels a sense of surprise that the queen was destroyed by her own actions. B The reader feels a sense of shock that the queen’s reign was ended so quickly. C The reader feels a sense of disbelief that Jacinta and Valentin are able to be together. D The reader feels a sense of wonder that a mirror could cause such extreme reactions.
Reflection How do you read a nonfiction text differently than you read a fiction text?