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OXYGEN PowerPoint Presentation

OXYGEN

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OXYGEN

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  1. OXYGEN

  2. COPD TRIAGE STAT LOC ER CALLING A CODE CVA/TIA Intubation Tracheostomy Ventilator EPISTAXIS ANOXIA SYNCOPE URTICARIA ERYTHEMA HEMORRHAGE DIAPHORETIC TERMS

  3. RESPIRATORY • O2 from environment to tissues via lungs • Eliminates CO2 • Diaphragm and ventilation • Visual notation • Tactile notation • Assess during pulse recording

  4. ASSESSMENT OF RESPIRATION # of breaths per minute Depth Pattern

  5. Respiratory Abnormalities • TACHYPNEA • BRADYPNEA

  6. OXYGEN • 6 minutes • Hypoxemia-low concentration of O2 • Tissue hypoxia • Drug • Minimum doses • Liters per minute or concentrate

  7. THE RT AND O2 • Do not disconnect or remove • Move oxygen lines out of field

  8. Nasal cannula (low) High flow (Non-rebreathing mask) Partial rebreathing Venturi Tents Pulse oximeter Provides 100% oxygen. Prevents exhaled gas from being breathed. Reservoir bag attached Monitor patient’s oxygen saturation. 40-70% oxygen provided High flow mask that provides controlled oxygen concentraion 24-60% Longer term administration which provides 4 liters per minute (L/min) Used frequently in pediatrics. Provides high concentration of humidity and oxygen ADMINISTRATION OF O2Match the device with the description

  9. OXYGEN (WALL AND PORTABLE) • PORTABLE-2 VALVES: ONE ADJUSTS FLOW RATE. THE OTHER INDICATES DELIVERY RATE. BOTH MUST BE ON • PAGE 267 FOR TRANSFER FROM WALL TO PORTABLE • COPD? RECEIVE O2 AT LOWER RATE.WHY?

  10. MORE O2 facts • One valve-controls pressure and indicates how full cylinder is • One valve indicates rate of 0xygen in liters to patient

  11. Tracheostomy • Artificial opening in the trachea • Mechanical ventilation • Ambu bag? • Remember what a pulse oximeter does?

  12. VENTILATORS • ARTIFICIAL AIRWAY • PATIENT’S HEAD PLACEMENT IS CRITICAL • ALARMS…WHAT TO DO

  13. SUCTION • ASSISTANT ROLE • PG 268

  14. TYPES OF TRAUMA • ABDOMINAL THRUST AND CARDIAC ARREST-CPR • ASTHMA • HEART ATTACK • ANGINA PECTORIS

  15. HEAD INJURIES • LOC • GLASGOW COMA SCALE • ICP • PORTABLES

  16. MORE TRAUMA • SPINAL • CHEST • HEMOTHORAX • PNEUMOTHORAX • RIB FRACTURES • Cardiac tamponade • EXTREMITY • WOUNDS AND BURNS

  17. MORE TRAUMA • CVA • TIA • SEIZURES • MAL • PARTIAL • WHAT SHOULD YOU DO? • WHAT SHOULDN’T YOU DO?

  18. ANALPHYLAXIS CARDIOGENIC HYPOVOLEMIC NEUROGENIC SEPTIC FAILURE OF ARTERIAL RESISTANCE DUE TO NERVOUS SYSTEM INJURY CAUSED BY MASSIVE INFECTION RESULTS FROM CARDIA FAILURE ALLERGY ENDUCED LOSS OF LARGE AMOUNTS OF BLOOD TYPES OF SHOCKMATCHING

  19. SHOCK PAGE 278

  20. MEDICAL EMERGENCIES • Contrast Reactions • Mild symptoms • Intermediate • Vasovagal • severe • Diabetic Emergencies • Diabetes Insipidus • Diabetes Melleitus

  21. EMERGENCY • CVA • SEIZURES • VERTIGO AND ORTHOSTATIC HYPOTENSION • NAUSEA AND VOMITING