Description • The Formosan Black Bear (台灣黑熊) also known as the white-throated bear, is a subspecies of the Asiatic Black Bear. • severe exploitation and habitat degradation in recent decades, populations of wild Formosan black bears have been declining. • This species was listed as "endangered" under Taiwan's Cultural Heritage and Preservation Law in 1989. • Their geographic distribution is restricted to remote, rugged areas at elevations of 1,000–3,500 metres (3,300–11,500 ft).
Physical characteristics • a round head, short neck, small eyes, and long snout. • Its head measures 26-35 cm in length and 40-60 cm in circumference. • Its ears are 8-12 cm long. Its snout resembles a dog's, hence its nickname is "dog bear". • On the chest, there is a distinctive yellowish or whitish mark that is shaped like a "V" character or a crescent moon. This earns it another nickname — "moon bear".
Habitat and Behavior • The Formosan bear lives in the mountainous forests in the eastern two-thirds of Taiwan at elevations of 3,300 to 10,000 feet. • In the Winter, rather than hibernating like Asiatic black bears in temperate areas, they move to lower elevations to find food. • They are active for 54-57% of daylight hours, and more active during summer (60%) and fall/winter (60%) than spring (47%). • Formosan black bears can easily outrun humans, reaching speeds of 30-40 km per hour. They are skilled at swimming and climbing.
Sources • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formosan_Black_Bear