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Incorporating Quotations. JL Ilsley High School Hamlet Essay. Which Style?.
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Incorporating Quotations JL Ilsley High School Hamlet Essay
Which Style? • At JL Ilsley High School, we use the APA, or American Psychological Association, style of essay writing and citing sources. This is the most commonly-used format for essays in the social sciences and Humanities. • Other formats include the MLA (Modern Languages Association) style and the Chicago style. In college, you should always ask your instructors which style they would like you to adopt when writing papers.
APA Style – Incorporating Quotations • APA makes a distinction between long and short quotations. For short quotations of Shakespeare, (quotations of four lines or fewer), the quotation is placed in quotation marks, and the Act, Scene and line(s) are placed in parentheses at the end. If you are citing more than one line, use a backslash to indicate the end of each line of text.
Short Quotation – Example: Hamlet tells his friend Horatio that, although he is well-educated, he does not know very much about the real world. “There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio/ Than are dreamt of in your philosophy.” (I, v, 184-185)
Long Quotes • In the APA style, anything over four lines of text is considered a long quote, and should be incorporated using the long-quotation format. This means that the quotation is set apart from the (double-spaced) essay; skip a line, indent (tab twice), and single space, WITH NO QUOTATION MARKS. The Act, Scene and Lines are placed in parentheses at the end.
Long Quote Example Hamlet seeks an opportunity to get revenge on his uncle Claudius for the murder of his father. He finds Claudius alone, but will not harm him while he prays: Now might I do it pat, now he is praying. And now I’ll do it. And so he goes to heaven. And so I am revenged. That would be scanned: A villain kills my father, and for that, I, his sole son, do this same villain send To heaven. (III, iii, 76-81)
Incorporating Dialogue Shakespearean dialogue (conversation) is set apart, much like long quotations are. For example: Claudius tries to convince Gertrude not to drink the wine, but does not admit to poisoning it: King: Gertrude, do not drink. Queen: I will, my lord, I pray you pardon me. (V, ii, 301-302)
Incorporating outside sources • APA style suggests that sources should be referenced within the text of the paper. There should be a leading sentence before the quotation that explains the reference and offers some insight. For example: In her article “Hamlet’s Religious Conviction” (2010), Mary MacDonald suggests that “Hamlet’s Catholicism informed each decision that he made in the play.” (Maclean’s, February 6, 2010, p. 22)
Works Cited • If you are working from our copy of Hamlet alone, you do not need to include a “Works Cited” page. • If you have researched outside sources, you must list them, alphabetically, on a “Works Cited” page at the end of your essay. Follow the JL Ilsley Handbook for correct citation procedures.