Painting Paints are applied to a support (canvas, paper,wood panel, wall, etc. The support can be prepped with a ground or a primer (preliminary coating)
Painting Technique Trompe l’oeil:Painting technique involving the copying of nature with such precision that painted objects may be mistaken for the actual forms depicted. Escaping Criticism, Pere Borrell del Caso, 1874 Oil on canvas
Painting Composed of pigments and binder Types of painting a) Fresco- 1) Buon Fresco-True Fresco, pigment in water applied to wet plaster surface (changes made before drying) 2) Fresco Secco-Paint applied to dry plaster surface
Painting Acrylic-Pigment ground with a synthetic polymer Spray paint-compressed air through an airbrush onto a spray surface Gouache-watercolor with Chinese white chalk added to create an opaque paint Encaustic-pigments mixed into hot beeswax, manipulated until it cools
Diego Rivera, The Making of a Fresco, Fresco, 1931, San Francisco Art Institute
Fig. 3.17 Jasper Johns. Flag, 1954-1955. Encaustic, oil, and collage on fabric mounted on plywood, 41 1/4” X 60 5/8”. Museum of Modern Art, New York. Painting Fig. 3.18 Glass Bowl with Fruit. Wallpainting, Fresco Roman, 1st Century, found in the Mt. Vesuvius region, Italy. Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples, Italy. Two ancient paint media, still used today, are encaustic (pigment mixed with hot wax) and fresco (pigment applied to wet or dry plaster).
Young Woman with a Gold Pectoral, from Fayum, 100-150 AD Encaustic on Wood , Louvre Museum, Paris, 12 5/8’’
Painting Tempera-Pigments mixed with egg yolk binder Watercolors-pigments suspended in a gum arabic binder (glue) Oil-Blending powdered pigments with linseed oil or turpentine (changes may be made before and after drying)
Oil paint, like in the Venus of Urbino, allows intense colors with lustrous surfaces. Acrylic paint, while faster drying than oils and more versatile, is suitable to flat broad areas of color. Fig. 3.20 Titian (Tiziano Vecellio). Venus of Urbino, 1538. Oil on canvas, 4’ X 5’6”. Uffizi, Florence, Italy. Fig. 3.21 David Hockney. A Bigger Splash, 1967. Acrylic on canvas, 8’ X 8’. Tate Gallery, London.
Class Assignment: Please conduct a formalist analysis of this painting. Include the Principles of Composition. Vincent Van Gogh, The Potato Eaters, 1885, Oil on Canvas, Van Gogh Museum Amsterdam