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Chapter 6 Section 3 :

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  1. Chapter 6 Section 3: The War Widens

  2. The Widening War • Many early battles of the American Revolution were fought in the Northeast. • But the struggle for independence was waged on many fronts and affected Americans in all parts of the country

  3. African Americans in the War • African Americans fought on both sides during the war • The British offered freedom to enslaved people who deserted and joined the British • Some people who had formerly been enslaved also joined the British

  4. African Americans in the War • On the American side at first refused to accept African American soldiers • By the end of the war 7,000 served on the American side • Most southern states refused to allow slaves in the army because they feared revolt

  5. The War at Home • Men often enlisted for 1year terms • Making it hard for Washington to keep the ranks filled • Civilians faced hardships such as food shortages and military attack

  6. Women • With men at war women took over many of their duties • Some women accompanied their husbands to military camps • They often cared for the wounded and took water to the troops

  7. Deborah Sampson • Disguised as a man to fight in the Revolutionary War • She was wounded in battle and addressed her own wounds to keep her secret

  8. Molly Pitcher • Mary Ludwig Hayes carried water for soldiers and took over for her wounded husband.

  9. Financial Burden • Congress had limited resources • No power to tax • To pay and supply troops they printed paper money • The more money they printed the less it was worth

  10. Native Americans Take Sides • Most sided with Great Britain • They feared American victory would lead to more settlers moving west onto their land

  11. Defending the Frontier • Virginia sent George Rogers Clark and a militia force to strike British forts beyond the Appalachian Mountains in 1778 • His victories allowed settlers to stay on the frontier

  12. Help From the Spanish • Spain was eager to get back Florida • Bernardo De Galvez, Governor of Louisiana, provided money and munitions to Clark and other Americans • 1779-1781 Galvez played a key role in Spanish attacks

  13. The War at Sea • Continental Navy created in 1775 • Colonists resorted to hit and run attacks • British ships set up blockades around American ports • Privateers were more successful in breaking through the blockade and capturing British ships

  14. John Paul Jones • His ship the Bonhomme Richard, captured the British ship the Serapis. • Naval hero for the Americans • Famous quote “I have not yet begun to fight”