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Writing Skills for Doctoral Students

Writing Skills for Doctoral Students

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Writing Skills for Doctoral Students

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  1. Writing Skills for Doctoral Students Kathy Neff

  2. TOPICS • The Writing Process • Prewriting • Writing • Rewriting • The Five C’s • Common Errors • APA Documentation

  3. REMEMBER THIS: WRITING WORKS ONLY WHEN IT WORKS FOR THE READER.

  4. THE WRITING SITUATION • Purpose • Audience • Due Date • Content • Format • Length • Documentation Style

  5. WRITING AND THINKING • WRITING IS FIRST AND FOREMOST A THINKING TASK • Knowledge • Comprehension • Application • ANALYSIS • SYNTHESIS • EVALUATION

  6. SO….. What IS good writing?

  7. Characteristics of Effective Writing • CORRECT • COMPELLING • COMPLETE • CLEAR • CONCISE

  8. HOW DO YOU START TO WRITE?

  9. THE WRITING PROCESS • PREWRITING • WRITING • REWRITING

  10. Purposes of Prewriting • Generate ideas • Do research • Organize ideas • Plan content and structure

  11. Brainstorming Free Writing Mind Mapping Branching Reporter’s Questions Cubing Outlining Prewriting

  12. Writing Just DO it! Do just IT!

  13. Rewriting • REVISE • EDIT • PROOFREAD

  14. INDEFINITE PRONOUNS COMMAS COMMON ERRORS • “DATA” • “SIGNIFICANT” • “THEIR”

  15. Citations No URLs Author (or title) and Year Page/paragraph numbers with quotations Punctuation after citation/parentheses Personal communication Reference Page Alphabetical order Hanging Indent Author name Capitalization in titles Formatting in titles DOCUMENTATION

  16. DOCUMENTATION SANDWICH Integrate source information smoothly! Lead in or signal phrase Information from a source In-text citation

  17. VERBS YOU CAN USE Maintains Notes Observes Points out Proves Questions Recognizes Recommends Refutes Rejects Remarks Reports Says Shows States Speculates Suggests Supports Acknowledges Agrees Argues Asserts Believes Claims Concludes Confirms Contends Demonstrates Describes Emphasizes Explains Finds Illustrates Indicates

  18. ONLINE RESOURCES • Purdue Online Writing Lab • http://owl.english.purdue.edu/ • Diana Hacker Bedford Handbook • http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/bedhandbook7enew/Player/Pages/Main.aspx • Brian’s List • http://www.wsu.edu/~brians/errors/errors.html

  19. QUESTIONS?