The Voyage of the Mayflower Tami Isgett Fontana, California
Genre: Expository Text • Purpose is to share information or to persuade the reader to think or act in a certain way • Facts about real people or events are often included • Information is presented in a straightforward way • Events are presented in sequence • Writing may be organized by topics • Diagrams, photographs, maps, or other illustrations may be included to help the reader understand the subject better
Activating Prior Knowledge: • Are you familiar with the story of the Mayflower? • In “Early America” we learned the reasons that people first came to America. What are they?
Many of the Pilgrims suffered discomfort on the ship to America. What are some of those…? • seasickness • unable to shower or bathe • no toilets • no fresh food
capsizing use context clues • A sailing ship must lower all of its sails and drift with the wind to avoid capsizing or breaking apart. • To keep a canoe from capsizing do not stand up in it. • capsizing – overturning in the water
din use context clues • Suddenly, above the din of the storm, they heard the noise of splitting timber. • The din of a blaring siren woke me from a sound sleep. • din – loud and unpleasant noise that lasts for a while
provisions use context clues use word structure • The sixty-seven Strangers on the Mayflower made room or thirty-five of the Saints from the Speedwell, along with their belongings and provisions. • I carried my food, sleeping bag, and other provisions in my backpack. • provisions – supplies of food or necessary tools (p494)
muskets use context clues • He then fired a couple of muskets and a fowling piece near an open half-full barrel of gunpowder. • The pilgrims used muskets to shoot animals for food. • muskets – old-fashioned guns used before modern rifles were invented (p497)
prevailing use context clues • With all the prevailing winds and currents, it made the return trip in only thirty-one days. • The latest poll shows the prevailing opinion is that children watch too much television. • prevailing – most frequent; occurring most often (p497)
What do all these words have in common?safely suddenly carefully freshly They are all adverbs ending in –ly.Reminder: adverbs describe a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. What other adverbs do you know?
What do the following words have in common? • position • additional • option • caution • What other words do we know that have the spelling pattern –tion?
What do these words have in common? • sighting • spy • terrified • iron • They all have the long i sound. Identify the spelling sound in each word.
What do the following words have in common? • capsizing • howling • sinking • planking • They all contain the –ing ending. In words that end in silent e remember to drop the e and then add –ing. • Name some other words that follow this rule.
Identify the subject in the following sentence. • The passengers and crew could reach land safely. • passengers and crew • when there are 2 or more subjects in a sentence joined by a conjunction it is called a compound subject
Identify the 2 plural nouns in the following sentence: • The businessmen recruited additional volunteers in London. • businessmen and volunteers • businessmen is an irregular plural and volunteers is a regular plural
Adults tried to comfort the terrified children. • Identify the root words of tried and terrified. • Name the rule for adding the –ed suffix