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The Federalist Papers and Federalism

The Federalist Papers and Federalism

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The Federalist Papers and Federalism

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  1. The Federalist Papers and Federalism 9/7/2011 Lecture 3

  2. Clearly Stated Learning Objectives • Upon completion of this course, students will be able to: • understand and interpret the United States Constitution and apply it to present policy dilemmas.  • understand why our national government works and why the American system of government is unique.

  3. Office Hours • Tomorrow 8-12 • Free Constitutions for anyone who stops by

  4. The Federalist Papers • A media campaign of 85 editorials • Published in New York Newspapers

  5. The Federalist 10

  6. The Compromise • The Federalists promised that a Bill of Rights would be added to the Constitution. • The main purpose of these amendments was to specify  the list of protections for individual rights.

  7. The Bill of Rights Addresses • Freedoms • Amendment 1 • Amendment 2 • Amendment 9 • Amendment 10 • Equality • Amendment 4 • Amendment 5 • Amendment 6 • Amendment 7 • Amendment 8 • Order • Amendment 3

  8. Federalism

  9. Thoughts on Federalism  "Every president of the United States since the Second World War as had a plan of a new revitalized federalism". Charles Robb- former Governor of Virginia. "There are two ways to empty a room in Washington: Hold a fund raiser for a defeated candidate or a debate on federalism" The New York Times

  10. Federalism and Government Types

  11. Confederations • Source of Authority • Where we see it today • Why use it?

  12. Unitary • Source of Authority • Why Use it

  13. Unitary Governments in the World

  14. So What is Federalism?

  15. Federalism is a system in which power is constitutionally divided between a central government and a sub-national or local government.

  16. A Federalist System meets the following • The same people and territory are included in both levels of government. • The nation's constitution protects units at each level of government from encroachment by the other units. • Each unit is in a position to exert some leverage over the other.

  17. Federalism is Not • The Same as Checks and Balances • The Same as the Federal Government (aka the national government)

  18. Federalism Today

  19. The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

  20. Problems of the Articles • States took advantage of each other • States could ignore national law • States were unwilling to give up their power

  21. The Constitution addresses this • Enumerated Powers • Implied Powers • Denying Powers to the States and Federal Govt

  22. Enumerated Powers • Powers expressly given to the National Government • Most listed in Article I Section 8 of the Constitution

  23. Implied Powers • Stem from the Elastic Clause (Article I, Sec 8)The Congress shall have Power - To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.

  24. Application of Elastic Clause • McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) • Upholds the elastic clause

  25. Powers Denied to the Federal Government • Article I Section 9 • Slavery Regulation • Keep trade flowing between the states • Titles of nobility

  26. The Supremacy Clause (Article I, Sec 4) • National law is supreme • Immigration Battles

  27. Powers Denied to the States

  28. Things the States Gave Up • Article I Sec 9 • Have a standing army or navy • Printing paper currency

  29. Things Prohibited to the States • Bill of Attainder • Ex Post Facto Laws

  30. Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) • The States Lost the Power to Regulate Interstate Commerce • Federal Government has this exclusive right

  31. Concurrent Powers • Power shared by Federal and State Governments • Power To Tax • Make laws protecting Public safety

  32. Income Taxes By State

  33. Interstate Relations :Privileges and Immunities

  34. Interstate Relations: Full Faith and Credit of Public Records