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APWH Unit 1 PowerPoint Presentation
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APWH Unit 1

APWH Unit 1

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APWH Unit 1

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  1. APWHUnit 1 Chapter 1 Early Human History

  2. Key Questions • What is Civilization or Culture? • Which came first? • How are the terms similar? • How are the terms different?

  3. What is Culture? • Learned patterns of expression and action • The first cultural trait of early humans was making tools • Mysteries about early human culture are: • what cave art really meant • what megaliths were used for

  4. So how does “culture” turn into civilization? • A very very very very very very very long and slow process we now call……. • Evolution of the species

  5. Darwin’s Theory

  6. Charles Darwin’s Theory • 1859 published On the Origin of Species • Evolution Theory was based on his observations and study of the animal and plant kingdom • “Well I’m a monkey’s uncle!”

  7. Because of science we Know • 99% of DNA in apes is identical to humans • Human skin color changed over time due to environmental conditions. • Travel between continents was possible during last Ice Age through temporary land bridges caused by low sea levels • After the Ice Age new animal species evolved from old forms and the human form as we know it was achieved!

  8. Darwin’s Theory • So do you think you evolved from an ape? • If so your family did this… • Your ancestor?

  9. Scientists and Historians generally agree: • Earliest human activity revolved around gathering food • Many large species of animals were hunted to extinction by humans • Creating tribes/clans occurred early in order to survive the Old Stone Age • Family/Tribal culture is the foundation for CIVILIZATION! • tribal initiation

  10. Basic stuff you need to know about the 3 stages of the human transformation.

  11. Homo habilis“Handy Human”Made and used simple tools (skip 4 lines)

  12. Homo erectus“Upright Human”Began migrating out of Africa (skip 4lines)

  13. Homo sapien“Wise Human”Thinking, creative, adaptable (skip 4lines)

  14. Summarize this imageAs humans progressed…

  15. BRAIN SIZE INCREASED!

  16. Pencils down…Identify the three latest stages in human developmentLevel 1 question • Homo habilis • Homo erectus • Homo sapiens

  17. Describe the three latest stages in human developmentLevel 2 question Fill in….. • Homo habilis started using tools • Homo erectus began to migrate and spread out across the earth • Homo sapiens settled down and formed the first permanent civilizations

  18. What stage of development is this? • Homo habilis • Earliest tools were simply stones, wood and bone • Size and sharpness were likely what mattered most. • Towards the end of the stage – the making of tools would begin

  19. What stage is there the earliest evidence of the use of fire? • Homo Erectus • Campfire evidence in Neanderthal caves. • Homo sapiens expanded their use of fire for more than just warmth.