Theatrical genres Different types of theatre….
comedy • Definition – Comedy sees the humor and incongruity in people and situations.
Characteristics of comedy SUSPENSION OF NATURAL LAWS • Actions do not have the same consequences they do in real life • Example: Roadrunner, Tom and Jerry, Tommy Boy
Characteristics of Comedy CONTRAST BETWEEN SOCIETY’S NORMS AND THE INDIVIDUAL. • Comedy develops when accepted norms in society and the events of the play cut against each other. • Example: Shrek, Two and a Half Men, Big Bang Theory
Characteristics of comedy COMIC PREMISE • An idea or concept which turns the accepted notion of things upside down and makes this upended notion the basis of the play. • Comic premise is the foundation for an entire play • Example: White Chicks, Father of the Bride
TECHNIQUES OF COMEDY VERBAL HUMOR • PUN – a play on words • Example of a Pun: A mushroom walks into a bar, the bartender asks “We can’t serve your kind here!” and the mushroom said, “Why not? I’m a fungi!” ha haaaaa! • Malaprop – A misuse of words • Example: “What are you incinerating?” instead of insinuating.
TECHNIQUES OF COMEDY COMEDY OF CHARACTER • The discrepancy lies in the way a character sees his or herself or how he or she pretends to be as opposed to the way he or she really is. • Example: Inspector Clouseau (Pink Panther Movies), Lt. Drebin (Naked Gun Movies)
TECHNIQUES OF COMEDY PLOT COMPLICATION • Complications and revelations arise from coincidences and mistaken identity like turning up in the wrong house or bedroom.
CATEGORIES OF COMEDY • FARCE – plot complications, exaggeration, physical humor, stereotyped characters • BURLESQUE – knockabout physical humor, gross exaggeration, vulgarity • SATIRE – uses wit, irony and exaggeration to attack or expose evil and foolishness • DOMESTIC COMEDY – family situations (sit coms) • PARODY – Making fun of another work usually to honor it.
TRAGEDY • DEFINITION – A SERIOUS DRAMA THAT EMPHASIZES THE SOMBER (SAD) ASPECTS OF LIFE.
TRAGEDY TRIES TO ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: • Why are some people so cruel to each other? • Why is the world unjust? • Why are men and women called on to endure suffering? • What are the limits of human suffering? • To what heights of courage, strength, generosity, and integrity can human beings rise?
Traditional tragedy Traditional Tragedy comes from ancient Greek Theatre, Shakespearean Tagedy • TRAGIC HERO – this is an extraordinary person, person of stature, royalty • TRAGIC FLAW – the hero suffers from a flaw in their personality that leads to their demise.
Traditional tragedy • TRAGIC CIRCUMSTANCE – The universe seems determined to trap the tragic hero in a fateful web. • ACCEPTANCE OF RESPONSIBILITY – The tragic hero accepts responsibility for their actions and shows a willingness to suffer. • WRITTEN IN VERSE
Modern tragedy • NO KINGS OR QUEENS OR PEOPLE OF STATURE • WRITTEN IN PROSE RATHER THAN VERSE.
melodrama • GENERALLY STRIVES FOR FIGHT AND HONOR - speaks to the paranoia in all of us “I always feel like somebody’s watching me!” • ENDS IN TWO WAYS: 1)Victim Dies 2)Victim is rescued
melodrama • THE AUDIENCE IS DRAWN INTO THE ACTION • THE ISSUES ARE CLEAR CUT – RIGHT OR WRONG NO GRAY AREA • THE CHARACTERS ARE EITHER GOOD OR BAD • ACTION IS EXAGGERATED • STRONG EMPHASIS ON SUSPENSE.
TRAGICOMEDY • POINT OF VIEW ITSELF IS MIXED – IT IS A FUSION OF THE SERIOUS AND THE COMIC. IT’S FUNNY AND SAD AT THE SAME TIME. • WE LAUGH AND CRY AT THE SAME TIME • MOST TRULY CHARACTERISTIC OF OUR TIME
Theatre of diversity Multicultural, multiethnic and gender theatre.
MUSICAL THEATRE A play that incorporates music, singing, and dance along with the dialogue
Types of musical theatre • OPERA – entirely set to music usually written in a foreign language • OPERETTA – NOT entirely set to music – some dialogue – ususally romantic • MUSICAL COMEDY – light comic story - more popular music – related to everyday life • REVUE – no story line – collection of songs