Building Construction Safety on the Job Site
Safety... • All employees of an job have an obligation to remain in a safe work environment
Safety... • All employees are obligated to work safely! • Employees are obligated to maintain a safe working environment!
Safety... • The ultimate responsibility is… • YOURS!!!
How do you maintain safety? • follow safe work practices and procedures • inspect safety equipment before use • use safety equipment properly
NCCER • National Center for Construction Education and Research • Safety procedures were developed for the and by the construction industry
NCCER curriculum: • Competency-based - must show that individuals can perform tasks • vs.apprenticeship (# of hours)
Training for the job... • You will be trained to be ready to work on the job
$$$$$$$$$$$ • The construction industry employs more jobs and pays more money than any other industry in the U.S.
Construction Industry • People will always new homes, hospitals, schools, etc. • Jobs easier to find than any other profession
Successful craftsperson • able to use current trade material, tools, and equipment to produce high quality efficiency.
Successful craftsperson • Must be able modify and adjust on the run • must continue to train up skills • never endangers coworkers life
Accidents... • cause by poor behavior OR poor work conditions • Being aware that accidents can and will occur will allow you to know how to deal with then when they occur
Failure to communicate poor work habits alcohol or drug abuse Lack of skill intentional acts unsafe acts unsafe conditions Possible causes of accidents:
Communication: • Allows new workers to know how certain procedures are done • NEVER ASSUME ANYTHING!!!
Informational (blue) shows general information NO ADMITTANCE NO TRESPASSING FOR EMPLOYEES ONLY Safety (green) general instruction about safety measures FIRST-AID EMERGENCY EYE WASH MSDS STATIONS Communication Signs:
Caution - black/yellow warns against potential hazards and/or unsafe acts Hearing/eye protection required No smoking Danger-red/black/white informs that immediate hazards exist defective equipment flammable liquids / compressed gases safety barriers / barricades Communication Signs:
Communication Signs: • Safety Tags - any color • temporary warning • OUT OF ORDER
Poor Work Habits: • procrastination - putting things off (repair / inspection / cleaning) • carelessness - tools don’t know the difference between steel/wood and flesh/bone • horse playing - ABSOLUELY UNEXCEPTABLE
Habits vs. Attitudes • Resist taking orders, resist listening to warnings • easily distracted, won’t concentrate on task • no concentration lends to accidents
Your Safety... • …is 100% related to you and your coworkers actions
Horse playing... • …will get you fired on the job • …will get you in MAJOR TROUBLE in shop class
Alcohol and Drug Abuse • Not only is it dangerous to the user, it is also dangerous to everyone else on the job site. • It is possible that insurance companies can deny you compensation, if you are found to be on drugs, etc.
Lack of Skill Training: • Never use a tool that you have not been trained to use
Intentional Acts: • Purposely causing an accident • “pay back” / “getting even” because of anger
Unsafe Acts: • Change from the accepted, normal way • may not be intentional, but still unsafe • using tools in a way not intended • using defective equipment • loading / placing supplies improperly • not putting equipment back in the correct location
Unsafe Conditions: • Condition of work environment is different from accepted, normal condition • congested workplace • defective tools, equipment, or supplies • excessive noise • hazardous atmospheric condition (dust, fumes, vapors, etc.) • poor cleanliness • poor lighting
Housekeeping: • Keeping work area clean from scraps or spills • keep scraps in designated area • store materials / supplies in safe location • flammable liquids must be stored in safe location • dispose of waste often • PRIDE OF WORKMANSHIP!!! • “There’s a place for everything, and everything in its place” • TAKE PRIDE IN YOUR WORKMANSHIP!!!
OSHA • Occupational Safety and Health Administration • Mission • save lives, prevent injuries, and protect the health of America’s workers
OSHA... • Employers - responsible for complying with OSHA’s standards • …required to identify hazards, eliminate and/or control or provide protection from those standards • Employee - has ULTIMATE responsibility, must obey standards that are in place
Reporting injuries, Accidents, and Incidents… . • Injury - anything requiring treatment • Accident - anything that causes injury • Incident - anything that could have caused injury
FATALITIES... • #1 fatality on construction industry job sites are… • Falling off elevated structures
Hazards on the job... • Gas leak - get up wind • Welding - use eye protection, wear long sleeves, hat backwards, ear plugs, leather gloves, high boots (under pants)
Trenches / Excavations • Danger of cave-ins and objects falling into hole • don’t place object on edge of area • don’t jump over or straddle trench • use ladder to climb out…don’t climb dirt ‘wall’ • barricade 2’ around perimeter of area
Proximity Work • Working in the area, but not in direct contact of the work • use barricades to prevent accidental contact
Confined Spaces • Large enough space for someone to work but has limited means of entry or exit • Ex. tanks, vessels, silos, storage bins, hopper, vaults, pits, and mines • often contain hazardous gases/vapors because of lack of ventilation • Ex. welding
Motorized Vehicles • All internal combustion engines give off carbon monoxide (tasteless, odorless, colorless) • This gas can kill you!!! • Always have good ventilation • use signaler
Motorized Vehicles • Cranes are often used when you cannot see an area where work is being done and verbal communication is impossible... • Therefore, visual communication is needed • Hand signals communicate desired actions page 1-20 --> 1-21
Lockout/Tagout • Safeguards workers from hazardous energy while they work with machines and equipment • this prevents any miscommunication of possible sources of energy such as electrical, mechanical, hydraulic, thermal (heat), and pneumatic (air) • the person who does lockout/tagout is the ONLY person to remove locks and tags
Barriers and Barricades • If opening in a wall is 3’ or less and the fall would be 4’ or more, it needs protection
Barriers and Barricades • railings - across wall openings or floor opening • warning barricades (warning but no protection)…warning tape • red - no one may enter • yellow - danger exist, enter with caution • yellow/purple - radiation
Barriers and Barricades • Protective barriers - gives visual warning and provides protection (fence) • blinking lights - allows identification at night • hole covers - secured and labeled, must be strong enough to withstand twice the normal load
PPEs • Personal Protective Equipment • protects against accidents • regularly inspect them • properly car for them • use them properly • never alter them
Hard Hats • Protects blows to the head • headband must have snug fit • don’t wear backwards or tilted
Eye Protection • Safety glasses, goggles, face shields • inspect for cleanliness and scratches • place in UV cabinet so they can be sterilized
Safety Harness • Protect from falls • D-ring and lanyard • must be snug around pelvis • used when 6’ above ground, near opening in floor, deep hole, or protruding rebar
Gloves • Cloth, canvas, leather, or rubber • regularly inspect • protect against sharp objects, rough materials, oils/chemicals, or electricity
Shoes • Preferred type is rubber soled, steel-toed boots • never wear sandals, flip-flops, or shoes that expose the foot
Hearing Protection • Hearing damage is painless, which makes hearing protection extra important • Earplugs - clean regularly • Earmuffs - fit snuggly • With extreme noise, wear both
Breathing Protection • respirators