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Daily TAKS Connection: Concentration of Ions PowerPoint Presentation
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Daily TAKS Connection: Concentration of Ions

Daily TAKS Connection: Concentration of Ions

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Daily TAKS Connection: Concentration of Ions

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  1. Daily TAKS Connection:Concentration of Ions IPC(9): The student knows how solution chemistry is a part of everyday life. The student is expected to: (B) relate the concentration of ions in a solution to physical and chemical properties such as pH, electrolytic behavior, and reactivity.

  2. Construct a three tab foldable Materials: Foldable handout Scissors Pen Colored pencils/crayons Instructions: Fold bottom paper along fold line at bottom edge Color flap “Concentration of Ions in Solution” Hotdog fold along center fold line Cut along the dotted lines from edge to peak Tuck the flaps into the bottom flap Color flap labels Foldable Instructions

  3. pH Notes Record the following notes under the flap label “pH” -

  4. Question Two clear solutions are placed in separate beakers. The first solution has a pH of 2, and the pH of the second solution is unknown. If the two solutions are mixed and the resulting pH is 4, the second solution must have — a. A higher concentration of H+ ions b. a higher concentration of OH– ions

  5. Question Two clear solutions are placed in separate beakers. The first solution has a pH of 10, and the pH of the second solution is unknown. If the two solutions are mixed and the resulting pH is 7, the second solution must have — a. a higher concentration of H+ ions b. a higher concentration of OH– ions

  6. Question Two clear solutions are placed in separate beakers. The first solution has a pH of 7 and the pH of the second solution is 5. If the two solutions are mixed, the resulting solution will have a pH — a. greater than 7 b. less than 5 c. between 5 and 7

  7. Electrolytic Behavior Record the following notes under the flap labeled “Electrolytic Behavior” – • The greater the concentration of ions (from dissolved minerals and salts), the greater the electrolytic behavior • Betterconductors of electricity • Purewater is not a good conductor • Must have dissolved minerals and salts to conduct electricity

  8. Question Bathwater normally has electrolytic behaviors even though distilled water does not. This is because bathwater — a. contains isotopes of hydrogen b. has been heated c. is separated into H+ and OH– ions d. contains dissolved minerals

  9. Question In this apparatus, the distilled water is an example of a — a. strong electrolyte b. weak acid c. nonelectrolyte d. strong base

  10. Question Dissolving salt in water increases the conductivity of the solution because the — a. salt gives the solution a net negative charge b. salt ions bond with the available water molecules c. solution has an increase in kinetic energy d. concentration of ions in the solution increases

  11. Reactivity Record the following notes under the flap labeled “Reactivity” – • The greater the concentration of ions in solution, the faster a chemical reactionwill take place • Molarity indicates concentration; the greater the molarity of a solution, the greater the concentration of ions • Example: a 3M HCl solution has a greater concentration of ions than a 1M HCl solution.

  12. Question Which of the following pairs of solutions will demonstrate the greatest rate of reaction at 25°C? • 1M HCl and 1M NaOH • 2M HCl and 1M NaOH • 1M HCl and 2M NaOH • 2M HCl and 2M NaOH

  13. Last Step • Cut-out and glue the pH scale on the back of your foldable. • Use the More Acidic, More Basic, and Neutral labels along with the arrows to show what the numbers on the pH scale represent. • Cut-out the labels of common substances and place them on the pH scale in the correct order according to their level of pH.