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TAKS PowerPoint Presentation

TAKS

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TAKS

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  1. TAKS

  2. Principles of Democracy: • Popular Sovereignty • Republicanism • Federalism • Separation of Powers • Checks and Balances • Limited Government • Individual Rights Greg Byers and Mary Smith, TSSSA 2003

  3. Popular Sovereignty:                            The people are the only source of power.            "Government can govern only with the consent of the governed" - it is woven all throughout all parts of the Constitution   -it sets necessary boundaries that allow the people's voice to be heard and overruled "We the people of the United States...do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America..."  - the sovereign people who created the Constitution and the US government gave to the Constitution certain powers -through the Constitution and it's own fundamental law, each state government receives it's powers from the people

  4. people elect representatives and give them the responsibility to make laws and conduct government A Republic is a form of government controlled by the people through elected representatives Republicanism

  5. Federalism • The idea that power is divided by the Constitution between the federal (central or national) govt and the state govts.

  6. Separation of Powers • The idea that the power of govt is separated into 3 branches of govt

  7. Checks & balances A government structure designed to keep any one branch of the federal govt from gaining too much power.

  8. Limited Government • Governments are created by the consent of the governed and that the power of government is limited by rule of law • Everybody has to obey the law • Constitutions/other laws define limits of those in power

  9. Individual Rights • Rights guaranteed to individual citizens by the Bill of Rights and other amendments to the Constitution • Structure of Constitution allows for adaptation based on changing public opinion & the need to protect individual rights

  10. Practice & Review 1. 2. Which title best completes the diagram above? • Freedom from Unreasonable Searches B. Freedom of Speech • Right to Vote D. Right to Bear Arms The diagram above best describes the constitutional principle of — checks and balances B. popular sovereignty C. Federalism D. republicanism

  11. Practice & Review 3. 4. Excerpt from the Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Which title best completes the diagram above? • Women’s Suffrage B. Abolition of Slavery • Right to Petition D. Freedom from Poll Taxes The provisions made in this excerpt were intended to address which of the following grievances listed in the Declaration of Independence? A .“For imposing taxes on us without our consent . . .” B. “For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us . . .” “For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world . . . ” D. “For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended offenses . . . ”

  12. Practice & Review 5. 6. The U.S. Constitution is considered an evolving document because it • has roots in earlier political documents and contains processes that allow for change • depends on citizens who are willing to protect liberty and justice • establishes a political system designed to control the use as well as the misuse of power D. creates a framework that defines the authority of the state and federal governments Which of the following best completes the diagram above? Examples of judicial abuse of power B. The results of free speech and a free press C. Examples of government checks and balances D. The impact of the separation of powers

  13. Practice & Review 7. 8. Excerpt from Federalist No. 51 According to the excerpt above, Madison favored the basic constitutional principle of — A. separation of powers B. republicanism C. federalism D. popular sovereignty This excerpt reflects the principle of — A. individual rights B. executive power C. popular sovereignty D. checks and balances

  14. Constitutional Amendments

  15. 13th Amendment

  16. 14th Amendment Granted citizenship & protected civil rights of recently freed slaves • Guaranteed = protection under law • States could not deny life, liberty, property w/o due process of law

  17. 15th Amendment

  18. 16th Amendment

  19. 17th Amendment Senate

  20. 19th Amendment

  21. 24th Amendment

  22. 26th Amendment Gee it’s fun to be 18

  23. What do the 15th, 17th, 19th, 24th. And 26th Amendment have in common?

  24. Key Dates

  25. 1776

  26. 1787

  27. 1861-1865

  28. “ A Splendid Little War” 1898 VS. USS Maine Imperialism Rough Riders

  29. 1914-1918 Unrestricted submarine warfare Trench Warfare Archduke Franz Ferdinand

  30. 1929

  31. 1941-1945

  32. People to Know

  33. George Washington • Leader of Continental Army during Revolution • President of Continental Convention • 1st President of the United States

  34. Thomas Jefferson • Wrote Declaration of Independence • Colonial Leader • 3rd President of the United States - Louisiana Purchase - Louis & Clark Expedition

  35. Theodore Roosevelt • Rough Rider in Spanish-American War • Progressive • 26th President of the United States - US a World Power - focus on Conservation “Speak softly & carry a big stick”

  36. Woodrow Wilson • 28th President of the United States • WWI • Fourteen Points • League of Nations

  37. Susan B. Anthony • Reformer • Temperance Mvmt • Abolitionist • Women’s Suffrage! 1820-1906

  38. W.E.B. DuBois • 1st black to earn Phd from Harvard • Niagara Movement (demanded full political & social rights & responsibilities for black Americans • One of the founders of NAACP (secure blacks’ legal rights) 1909 • Urged blacks to become politically involved (unlike Booker T’s emphasis on job skills) 1868-1963

  39. Clarence Darrow • Famous criminal lawyer • Defense attorney in Scopes trial1925 • Issue about teaching evolution • Darrow lost the case but debate continues 1857-1938

  40. William Jennings Bryan • 3 time Populist Party presidential candidate • Secretary of State • Prosecution lawyer in the Scopes trial • Argued evolution should not be taught in school 1860-1925

  41. Henry Ford • Leading industrialist & manufacturer of one of the 1st autos • Assembly-line production • Inexpensive Model A & Model T revolutionized transportation & industry in the USA 1863-1947

  42. Charles Lindbergh • Aviation pioneer • 1st non-stop, solo trans-Atlantic flight 1927 • Symbol of American ingenuity, courage & ability 1902-1974

  43. Franklin Delano Roosevelt • US President from 1933-1945 • Democrat • Elected to 4 terms • Elected during Great Depression • New Deal • WWII

  44. Adolf Hitler • Political & military leader of Nazi Germany • Der Fuhrer • ambitious program of world domination • WWII • Holocaust – elimination of Jews 1889-1945

  45. Josef Stalin • Communist leader of USSR during WWII • Satellite nations in Eastern Europe after WWII • Cold War rivalry with US

  46. Winston Churchill • Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII • Major US Ally • “Never have so many owed so much to so few” Battle of Britain • Iron Curtain Speech

  47. Harry S Truman • VP under FDR • Became President as a result of death of FDR • President at end of WWII • Made decision to drop atomic bombs on Japan ending WWII • Early Cold War • Berlin Airlift • Korean War • Truman Doctrine • Marshall Plan

  48. Martin Luther King Jr. • Believed in non-violent civil disobedience • Led Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955 • Organized “March on Washington” – I have a dream speech `963 • Focused on desegregating public facilities and expanding voting rights • Assassinated in Memphis, 1968 1929-1968