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How does what happens up there

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  1. How does what happens up there Affect what happens down here

  2. SEASONS • How does sunlight hit the Earth’s surface? • Why is it warmer at the equator and colder at the poles? • Why are there seasons?

  3. The latitude and longitude system Longitude lines run north-south and meet at the North and South Poles; also called meridians. Latitude lines run east-west and don't meet; also called parallels.

  4. Latitude • The latitude of a country is its angle above or below the equator. • For example • North Pole - 90° North • South Pole - 90° South • Paris, France - 48° North • Sydney, Australia - 34° South

  5. Latitude Paris 48° Equator

  6. Latitude • Some important lines of latitude include • The Equator – 0° • The Tropic of Cancer – 23.5° N • The Tropic of Capricorn – 23.5° S • The Arctic Circle – 66.5° N • The Antarctic Circle – 66.5° S

  7. Longitude The longitude of a country is how far around the earth it lies from London. For example Manila - 120° East New York - 74° West The time zones follow lines of longitude that are every 15° away from London

  8. Longitude London New York

  9. Climate and climate zones (interactions between non-living things e.g. earth and sun) Each group representing countries from different continents will research on climate/weather patterns around the world. They will map out general trends/ and or changes in weather in these different regions. Asia North America South America Europe AfricaMiddle East Australia Research on climate/weather patterns of assigned country: Name of country Location on the planet (longitude/latitude/continent) Seasons Geography Environmental Issue Weather Source: www.cia.gov

  10. Suggestedcountries: Greenland South Africa Australia United States Saudi Arabia New Zealand Haiti Yemen Canada Colombia United Arab Emirates Russia Brazil Afghanistan Chile Iraq England India Finland South Korea Spain Japan Algeria China Ethiopia Philippines Sudan Thailand Organize your information in an index card. Make sure the information is neatly presented.

  11. Climate change due to a country’s location • Latitude effect on seasonal change • day-light hours • precipitation levels (rainfall and snowfall) • average (and max, min) temperatures • crop growth • tourism • ecosystems • cultural changes due to climate differences (e.g. S.A.D)

  12. Pork in a petri dish http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/research/4212533.html

  13. Climate Cards Activity • Organize key information of your country in an index card. Make it neat and presentable. • Study the handout: Climate Classification System. Label your card with the appropriate information (General Climate, Seasons and Precipitation, and Temperature) using the given letters. For general climate, refer to the following color scheme: • A- Moist Tropical (Red) D- Continental (Tan) • B- Subtropical (Yellow) E1 Polar (White) E2 Sub-polar (Purple) • C- Temperate (Green) F Highlands (Blue) • Form a group with the same climate region. Provide a summary explanation describing the reasons why your region has the specific climate pattern. • Watch a video clip: Geography Basics • Based on the color patterns shown in the video, color a world map handout.

  14. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=95TtXYjOEv4 Geography basics

  15. Weekly Schedule- January 25-29

  16. How does what happens up there Affect what happens down here

  17. EARTH FACTS Earth's Circumference at the Equator: (40,075.16 km) Earth's Circumference Between the North and South Poles: (40,008 km) Earth's Diameter at the Equator: (12,756.1 km) Earth's Diameter at the Poles: (12,713.5 km) Average Distance from the Earth to the Sun: (149,669,180 km) Average Distance from the Earth to the Moon: (384,403.1 km) http://geography.about.com/od/learnabouttheearth/a/earthfacts.htm

  18. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=95TtXYjOEv4 Geography basics

  19. CLIMATE ZONES In your world map handout, draw lines to identify the different climate zones. Color the zones and describe temperature differences.

  20. Peralta Colleges, Physical Geography

  21. FACTORS THAT AFFECT CLIMATE • Axis or tilt of the Earth • Latitude • Elevation • Precipitation • Currents (wind, water)

  22. Guide Questions • Why do we have night and day? • What is a day/year? • How does sunlight hit the Earth’s surface? (equator, poles) • Why is it warmer at the equator and colder at the poles? • Why are there seasons?

  23. When sunlight shines from overhead (on left), one square foot of sunlight falls on one square foot of ground. When it shines at a shallow angle (on right), each square foot of sunlight spreads out over many feet of ground. http://cseligman.com/text/sky/climate.htm

  24. What causes Night and Day?

  25. DAY AND YEAR

  26. DAY AND YEAR Rotation earth’s spinning on its axis 1,600 km/hr (rate of spin at any point along the equator) Revolution movement of earth around the sun

  27. Peralta Colleges, Physical Geography

  28. March Equinox June Solstice December Solstice Sun September Equinox

  29. The latitude and longitude system Longitude lines run north-south and meet at the North and South Poles; also called meridians. Latitude lines run east-west and don't meet; also called parallels.

  30. Longitude divides the Earth's surface into 360 thin slivers of one degree each. Latitude divides the Earth's surface into 180 thin rings of one degree each. The lat/long gridlines are drawn five degrees apart. The 360 1-degree longitude lines are numbered in two 180-degree lots running east and west from the 0º line of longitude (also called the prime meridian). The 0º line runs through Greenwich, England. Halfway around the globe is the longitude line (in the mid-Pacific) which is both 180º east and 180º west of Greenwich. The 180 one-degree latitude lines are numbered in two 90-degree lots running north and south from the 0º line of latitude, which is the Equator. The North Pole is 90ºN and the South Pole is 90ºS.

  31. TIME ZONES Time zones: Every 15˚, changes by 1 hour

  32. Length of Day: http://www.cs.sbcc.net/~physics/flash/LengthofDay.swf

  33. How does the Sun interact with Earth? • The earth's two main motions are rotation and revolution. Rotation is the earth turning on its imaginary axis like a top. Revolution is the earth’s orbit around the sun. • Earth’s rotation causes differences in time and date. For convenience, we use standard time which divides the world into 24 time zones. A new day begins at the International Date Line (180°). • The orbit and tilt of the Earth around the Sun gives rise to the seasons and the latitudes of cities change the characteristics of the seasons • As the earth changes its position relative to the sun, the length of daylight also changes.