Progress of Rabi 2007-08, Preparedness for Kharif 2008 and implementation of National Food Security MissionDr. N.B.Singh Agriculture Commissioner Department of Agriculture & Cooperation Ministry of Agriculture
Crop Area Coverage during Rabi 2007-08( In Lakh Hectares ) Progress of Rabi 2007 - 08
Area Coverage under Oilseeds during Rabi 2007-08 (In Lakh Hectares)
Area, Production, Productivity of Kharif foodgrains from 1983-84 to 2000- 2006-07 * Advanced Estimates as released on 19.07.2007
National Food Security Mission At a Glance • NFSM has been launched w.e.f. rabi 2007-08 in 311 districts of 17 States of the country that are having very high yield gaps • 20 M ha of Rice, 13 M ha of Wheat and 4 M ha of Pulses has been targeted for focused attention • 20 million tons of additional food grains to be produced, 10 million tons of rice, 8 million tons of wheat and 2 million tons of Pulses • An outlay of Rs. 4883 crores provided over a period of five years, 2007-08 to 2010-11
Distinctive Features of NFSM • Focus on proven technologies and practices • Mission mode implementation • Three tier coordination structure for Convergence • Result orientation • Continuous monitoring of the progress using ICT • Concurrent and mid term evaluation • Performance linked subsidy to the Seed producers • Scope for Local Initiatives • 9 % of funds available to meet specific local needs • Decentralized decision making
STRATEGIES : NFSM - Rice • Enhancing productivity through bridging the yield gap • Improving Seed Replacement Rate through promotion of HYVs and Hybrids and stratified plan of action for different agroecozones of the State • Integrated Nutrient Management ; apply micronutrients • Integrated Pest Management • Capacity building of Farmers ; Farmers Field Schools • Timely availability and delivery of inputs
Assistance provided for input under NFSM : Rice • Demonstration, quality seed of new varieties, seed minikits, incentives upto 50% cost of micro nutrients lime, conoweeden, pesticides / bio pesticides (50% cost) Farmers field school and Award to best performing districts, facility for video conferences and technical manpower at district and state levels as consultants
Assistance provided under NFSM Pulses • Assistance for breeder seed, foundation and certified seed, micro-nutrients, sprinkler sets, extension, training and mass media campaign, pilot project for checking the menace of blue bull, integrated pest management, strengthening of seed producing agencies of the State
Rice Seed Availability for NFSM States for 2008 • The availability of seed of HYVs released within 15 years is adequate in Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Gujarat and Tamilnadu as compared to NFSM targets. • The availability is very less (<50% than the NFSM targets) in other States • The availability is between 65% to 96% in the states of Karnataka, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and Chattisgarh but there are sizeable area out of NFSM in these States for which improved seed may be required. • Bihar and Jharkhand have not given any specific information. • The availability of hybrid rice seed is highly inadequate.
Availability and Targeted Seed Requirement of Rice in NFSM States (Quantity in Lakh Qtls)
Surplus/Adequate States (Quantity in lakh Qtls) * Surplus seed is in comparison to NFSM Targets, there are more districts and area out side NFSM for which seed would be required.
Availability less than 50% of the NFSM Targets (Quantity in lakh Qtls)
Availability more than 65% of NFSM Targets (Quantity in lakh Qtls)
Implementation of Seed Plan for NFSM States Each State needs to assess the requirement of quality seeds as per targets given under NFSM Take initiative to produce sufficient quantity of quality seeds to meet the requirements . Support the State Level Seed Agencies for capacity building . Initiate steps to tieup with public and private agencies for production of quality seeds. Specific focus be given for the production of new varieties / hybrids of less than five years old.
Strategies for increasing Production and Productivity of Pulses Increasing seed replacement rate (SRR) through increase production and supply of certified seeds. Area expansion through intercropping and promotion of pulses in fallows lands. Promotion of improved crop production technologies through field demonstration and training of farmers and Extension workers. Thrust for pest management through integrated pests management. Promotion of water saving devices to bring more area under irrigation with efficient use of water.
Strategies for increasing Production and Productivity of Oilseeds Increasing seed replacement rate (SRR) through increase production and supply of certified seeds. Area expansion through intercropping and promotion of oilseeds in fallows lands. Promotion of improved crop production technologies through field demonstration and training of farmers and Extension workers. Thrust for pest management through integrated pests management. Encourage use of micro nutrients including sulfur.
Strategy : Coarse Cereals Special attention needed to step up production of course cereals for ensuring food and fodder security for rainfed areas where such crops are predominantly grown Encouraging use of hybrids and high yielding varieties particularly of Jower & Bajra. Popularization of dual purpose hybrids and high yielding varieties in Jowar. Promotion of ridge planting for better moisture conservation and efficient utilization of rain water in rainfed areas. Promotion of soil and water conservation measures and harvesting of rain water in dug out farm ponds for life saving irrigation in the event of rain failures.
Projected Demand and availability of certified/quality Seeds Quantity in lakh qtls
Current Extension Initiatives Agriculture and Farmers Development Workshop-cum- Exhibition • New Initiative being implemented in all the states • Focus is to disseminate information about new technologies, bring awareness about new schemes and to get farmers feed back • Organized by ATMA & KVK involving all the stake holders including Industries, Trade, Academics, Researchers, Universities • At least 3-5 events in each state; each event of 5-7 days duration; collectively organized by 4-5 districts • Major activities include Technology Halls, Conference Halls, Farmers Interactive Sessions, Food Processing Technology Hall , Marketing and Post Harvest Management Halls, Demonstrations, Shows and Exhibitions • Detailed Guidelines issued to all states in this regard
Expectations from States • Preparation of district plan, baseline survey • Creating awareness among farmers about benefits of Mission • Involvement of PRIs in selection of beneficiaries and formulation of local initiatives • Advance planning for various interventions and identification and defining roles of different agencies. • Synergy with other ongoing programmes
Significant Achievements • Increased seed distribution reported from different states in the current year compared to 2006. • Distribution of 6.04 lakh minikits of high yielding varieties of wheat seed minikits to farmers • Increased awareness and demand for farm machinery such as seed Drill Machines, Rotavators, Conoweeders etc • Encouragement to new farm practices-Nearly 1 lakh demonstrations of improved varieties of rice and wheat , SRI of rice and hybrid rice • Nearly 12 lakh quintals of high yielding variety seed of rice, wheat , pulses distributed.
Significant achievements- cont. • Nearly 2.2 lakh hectares of area treated with sol ameliorants (gypsum/lime/micronutrients) to restore soil fertility • Nearly 65000 ha of farm land treated under Integrated Pest Management • Initiation taken for the production and distribution of hybrid rice varieties for increased rice production • Capacity building of the farmers through nearly 3000 Farmers Field Schools arranged at farm level • Increased employment opportunities for the agriculture dependant people in targeted districts