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European Commission

European Commission. EU Biomass Action Plan: State of Play. Kyriakos MANIATIS Biofuels & Industry DG TREN. The Bioenergy Matrix. Forest products. Waste. Industrial by-products. Agricultural products. Bioenergy is the only RES that can replace Fossil fuels. Products & Chemicals.

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European Commission

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  1. European Commission EU Biomass Action Plan: State of Play Kyriakos MANIATIS Biofuels & Industry DG TREN

  2. The Bioenergy Matrix Forest products Waste Industrial by-products Agricultural products Bioenergy is the only RES that can replace Fossil fuels Products & Chemicals Pyrolysis Gasification Fermentation Anaerobic digestion Bioenergy is the only RES that can address all market sectors Combustion Heat Electricity Transport fuels

  3. Danger of missing EU targets for 2010 White Paper target for EU-15: 135 Mtoe biomass use in 2010 Adjusted targets for EU-25: 150 Mtoe biomass use in 2010 Current trend: 75-80 Mtoe in 2010 Source: EUROSTAT

  4. Total RES-E production (including hydro) from 1990-2005 in EU-25

  5. Production of ‘new’ RES-E (without hydropower) (total electricity consumption of Ireland, Austria and Portugal) from 1990 to 2005 equals to 148TWh 70 TWH from Bioenergy

  6. Development of electricity generation from biomass in the period 1990-2004 Biomass: the sleeping giant waking up. Between 1990 & 2000 the biomass contribution for electricity more than doubled Between 2000 & 2005 the biomass contribution for electricity doubled again The same is anticipated between 2005 & 2009

  7. Conclusion Bioenergy will play a key role in all National energy policies of the Member States Local production + Imports = Demand needs The demand side will be addressed by the New RES Directive. How will the supply side will be addressed??

  8. Challenges and questions Sustainable provision of feedstocks, considering • potential of European agriculture and forestry • impacts on food and material markets - EU & globally • other possible uses of biomass • mapping of biomass resources in the EU Research and technological development • optimised production and mix of raw materials • advanced, more cost-effective conversion technologies • more diverse feedstocks – not only wood/crops Stable environment for the industry to develop

  9. Issues that need to be addressed How effectively do Member States use the: Rural Development Programme? Energy crop premium? Are there national strategies? Can we develop management strategies to extract more wood from the forest?? And do this under a sustainable scenario? Do we need imports and how much? Import raw material, or Import finished product?

  10. The way forward: An energy policy for Europe The completion of the single market Greater Community solidarity in managing energy supply risks Major reductions in CO2 emissions A 20% improvement in energy efficiency by 2020 A 20% renewable energy share of energy consumption by 2020 A low carbon fossil fuel strategy An international energy policy

  11. Electricity – Directive 2001/77/EC – good progress with green electricity • Biofuels – Directive 2003/30/EC - recent start of solid growth Sectorial trends EU policy has addressed three different sectors: • Heating and Cooling – solar thermal, geothermal and biomass • standards, R&D but no promotional directive • no coordinated approach • no consistency of support mechanisms • lack of appropriate policy and targets • administrative barriers

  12. RenewableEnergy Policy Differences in the legislative framework for electricity, biofuels, and heating and cooling at EU level are reflected in the development of the three sectors: • Clear growth in electricity • The recent start of solid growth in biofuels • The slow growth rate for heating and cooling

  13. New Renewables Policy • Increase share of renewables in EU energy mix to address the three pillars of energy policy • from 7% today to 20% by 2020; • Binding overall renewables target for each Member State; • Member State National Action Plans, setting share of electricity, heating & cooling and biofuels and policy measures; • Minimum 10% biofuels in each Member State.

  14. How do we get there?

  15. Promotion of biomass: Biomass Action Plan Purpose: achieve 12% RES target by 2010, diversify energy mix, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, job creation and stabilisation of rural regions Main activities: 1. Energy Package of 10 January 2007 2. Agricultural and forestry policy 3. RTD, promotion of RES and standards

  16. Renewables Directive 2008 • New elements: • - all 3 sectors: electricity, transport, heating and cooling • national action plans for renewables i.e. biomass use to be assessed at national level across 3 sectors • biofuel sustainability and second generation support • heating and cooling: removing barriers

  17. Reaching targets 2006 2010 target 2020 target All renewables: 7% 12% 20% Biofuels: 1% 5.75% 10% Green electricity: 15% 21% (no sectoral Heating/ cooling: 9% none target) Biomass: 71 Mtoe 150 Mtoe 195 Mtoe Green electricity: 18 Mtoe 62 Mtoe Biofuels: 3 Mtoe 43 Mtoe Heating: 50 Mtoe 90 Mtoe 17

  18. Agricultural and Forestry Policy CAP • Review of energy crops scheme EU Forest Action Plan - Competition for raw materials - Forest management - Increasing trade flows EU structural funds

  19. BAP State of Play (1) • In total 32 actions were proposed: - 7 actions completed • Report on Biofuels Directive • Report on Renewable Electricity Directive • Proposal for revision of Fuel Quality Directive • CO2 in cars communication • Biofuel Technology Platform launched • Forest Action Plan • Assessment of energy crop scheme

  20. BAP State of Play (2) • Other ongoing actions: • Review buildings directive to incentivise use of RES • Study on performance of household biomass boilers and possibly set eco-design requirements • Review the impact of the energy use of wood and wood residues on forest based industries • CEN standards on quality of biomass fuels • Development and trade policies to promote sustainable biomass/ biofuels production

  21. Conclusions • Energy from biomass (incl. organic waste) is expected to make a significant contribution to a future sustainable energy system in Europe • A predictable, long-term policy framework is needed to encourage development of long-term biomass supply. National Biomass Action Plans to feed into national RES action Plans!EU policies support this through: BAP, FAP, FP7, CAP and the new Energy Package • Challenges exist: increasing imports while ensuring sustainability criteria are met for the production of biomass/ biofuels • - Supplementary action on national, regional and local • level with close involvement of all relevant stakeholders is essential and equally important

  22. Thank you for your attentionkyriakos.maniatis@ec.europa.euemese.kottasz@ec.europa.eu

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